There are two sections to the UVOTSSC, the first SOURCES table lists the individual sources and the second SUMMARY table summarises each observation. The link between these two tables is made through the column N_SUMMARY which, for each source in the first table, gives the entry number of the observation in the SUMMARY table in which this source was detected. For each of the sources, there there is also the observation identification number given in the column “OBSID” which coincides with the OBSID in the SUMMARY table.
- Sources Table Contents
The UVOT SOURCES table contains the following columns which give the astrometric, photometric parameters for the sources, plus information about quality flagging.
The column IAUNAME provides individual source identification strings in the conventions of the International Astronomical Union. For each source, its name starts from the string UVOTSSC1 characterising the sources as obtained from the NASA SWIFT mission with the UVOT telescope, version 1. This string is followed with the Right Ascension and Declination coordinates for the epoch J2000 in the form JHHMMSS.s±GGmmss. N.B. Because of problems with the rounding of position coordinates a single IAU name can refer to more than one SRCNUM; there are 149 known cases. They have been distinguished by having a letter a,b,c,..etc. appended to their IAU name.
This column provides the reference number of the observation summary given in the auxiliary table SUMMARY (i.e., this is the entry number of the SUMMARY table).
Gives the unique observation identification number corresponding to the observation in which the source was detected.
This column gives the number of the UVOT filters included into this source observation.
This column gives a unique source number throughout the UVOTSSC source catalogue (please note that the number of entries in the SOURCES table is larger that the total number of individual sources).
RA and DEC
These columns contain the Right Ascension and Declination (J2000) of each source in degrees. All the entries in the table are in order of increasing RA value.
RA ERR and DEC ERR
These columns contain the standard errors (in arcseconds) of the source RA and DEC positions – i.e. (1/n) √(∑nk=1(errk)2) , where errk are the errors of the n source positions for different filters. Please note that input errors from the individual source-list files are first converted from pixels to arcsecs.
These are 6 columns corresponding to different UVOT filters (UVW2, UVM2, UVW1, U, B and V) and giving the distance (in arcseconds) to the closest neighbouring detected in that filter (the search for the neighbouring sources was limited to 30 arcseconds radius).
The number of individual observations (ObsIDs) in which the source was detected. This should correspond to the number of entries for that particular source in the SOURCES table.
For each filter there is a column for the source significances (signal-to-noise).
For each filter there is a column for the source Vega-system magnitudes.
For each filter there is a column for the source AB magnitudes. These values are computed from the Vega magnitudes.
filter MAG ERR
For each filter this column gives the error on the magnitude, a single error value being appropriate for both Vega magnitudes and AB magnitudes.
filter FLUX and filter FLUX ERR
For each filter there is a column for the source fluxes and their standard errors in units of erg/s/cm2/Angstrom. The conversion factors to flux were calculated using GRB model spectra folded through the effective area curves. Please note that these factors may not be appropriate for all spectral types.
This column gives the computed value for the mean full-width-half-maximum of the source along the major-axis (in arcseconds), using the values for each filter.
For each filter there is a column for the computed full-width-half-maximum of the source along the minor-axis (in arcseconds).
For each filter, this column gives the computed value for the position-angle of the major-axis source (measured in degrees anti-clock wise from the Right-Ascension axis).
For each filter there is a column to show if the source is considered extended, which was determined by comparing the source major axis with the size of the UVOT point spread function.
filter QUALITY FLAG
For each filter there is a column for the quality for each source, as determined from all the merged sources for that filter.
Each source has an associated “Quality flag” which is given in the final columns of the SOURCES table. The flag bit values are shown in the table below. Multiple flags are summed to give the final quality flag value.
Examples of usage
Quality value = 1 - Source contains one or more bad pixels
Quality value = 3 - Source contains one or more bad pixels and lies on a read-out streak
Quality value = 7 - Source contains one or more bad pixels and lies on a read-out streak and lies within a “smoke-ring” region.
Notes on individual quality flags
Bad Pixels: A point-source will have this flag set if any pixel within the photometry aperture, or any within the background annulus, has a corresponding pixel in the quality image with a non-zero value. Similarly, an extended source will have this flag set if any corresponding pixel in the quality image has a non-zero value.
Count Rate: If the count per frame exceeds 0.96 counts/frame, it cannot be corrected for coincidence loss and the magnitude will be suspect. These magnitudes (and other associated columns) have been removed from the catalogue. If no valid measurements are available for any filter the source has been removed entirely from the catalogue.
Bit number Reason Integer Value 0 Cosmetic defects (BAD PIXELS) within the source region 1 1 Source on a READOUT STREAK 2 2 Source on a “SMOKE RING” 4 3 Source on a DIFFRACTION SPIKE 8 4 Source affected by MOD-8 noise pattern 16 5 Source within a “HALO RING” 32 6 Source near to a BRIGHT source 64 7 MULTIPLE EXPOSURE values within photometry aperture 128 8 Source within an EXTENDED FEATURE 256
Table 1: Quality flag values for the UVOTSSC source catalogue
- Summary Table Contents
The UVOT SUMMARY table contains information about each observation included in the catalogue in the following columns:
This column provides the link to the SOURCES table. Each source can be linked to the observation details in the SUMMARY table via this number.
This gives the unique observation identification number.
This is the name of the target given by the proposer of the observation.
This lists the filters used in the observation.
This is the date when the first exposures for this observation started to be taken. Most observations are completed within a few days of this date.
The Right Ascension for the telescope pointing direction in decimal degrees.
The Declination for the telescope pointing direction in decimal degrees.
Position Angle for the telecope pointing in degrees.
The total exposure time in seconds for each filter summed together before detecting sources.
The total number of sources detected in this filter for this observation.
The three sigma detection limiting magnitude in this filter for this observation, in the Vega photometry system.
The three sigma detection limiting magnitude in this filter for this observation, in the AB photometry system.