Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience


Neil Burgess Publications

General Memory/Reviews

  1.  Bicanski A, Burgess N (2020) Neuronal vector coding in spatial cognition. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 21: 453–70. Click here for pdf
  2. Bush D, Burgess N (2019) Neural Oscillations: Phase Coding in the Absence of Rhythmicity. Curr Biol 29, R50–R70. Click here for pdf
  3. Bisby JA, Burgess N (2017) Differential effects of negative emotion on memory for items and associations, and their relationship to intrusive imagery. Curr Opin Behav Sci, 17, 124-132. doi: 10.1016/j.cobeha.2017.07.012 Click here for pdf
  4. Evans T, Bicanski A, Bush D, Burgess N (2016) How environment and self-motion combine in neural representations of space. J. Physiol, DOI: 10.1113/JP270666. Click here for pdf
  5. Burgess N (2014) The 2014 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine: A spatial model for cognitive neuroscience. Neuron 84: 1120-1125. Click here for pdf
  6. Barry C, Burgess N (2014) Neural mechanisms of self-location. Curr. Biol., 24: R330-339. Click here for pdf. 
  7. Bush D, Barry C, Burgess N (2014) What do Grid Cells Contribute to Place Cell Firing? Trends in Neuroscience, 37: 136-145. Click here for pdf. 
  8. Hartley T, Lever C, Burgess N, O’Keefe J (2014) Space in the brain: how the hippocampal formation supports spatial cognition. Phil Trans Roy Soc B., 369 20120510. Click here for pdf. 
  9. Lever C, Kaplan R, Burgess N (2014) The function of oscillations in the hippocampal formation. In: Space,Time and Memory in the Hippocampal Formation. Eds: D Derdikman, JJ Knierim, pp 303-350, Springer, Wein. Click here for pdf. 
  10. Duzel E, Penny WD, Burgess N (2010) Brain oscillations and memory. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 20: 123-149. Click here for pdf. 
  11. Bird C.M., Burgess N. Insights from spatial processing into the Hippocampal role in memory. Nature Reviews Neuroscience (2008) 9 182-194. Click here for pdf.
  12. Burgess N. Spatial cognition and the brain. New York Acad. Sci. (2008) 1124 77-97. Click here for pdf. 
  13. Burgess N. Spatial memory: How egocentric and allocentric combine. Trends in Cognitive Science (2006) 10: 551-7. Click here for pdf
  14. Trinkler I., King J.A., Spiers H. J., Burgess N. (2006) Part or Parcel? Contextual Binding of Events in Episodic Memory. In: Handbook of Binding and Memory: Perspectives from Cognitive Neuroscience. Eds: H.D. Zimmer, A. Mecklinger, U. Lindenberger. Pp 53-83. O.U.P. Click here for pdf. 
  15. Burgess N., Hitch G.J. Computational models of working memory: putting long-term memory into context. Trends in Cognitive Science (2005) 9 535-541.Click here for pdf. 
  16. Hartley T., Burgess N. Complementary Memory Systems: Competition, Cooperation and Compensation.Trends in Neuroscience (2005) 28 169-170. Click here for pdf. 
  17. Burgess N., O'Keefe J. Neural representations in human spatial memory. Trends in Cognitive Science, (2003) 7 517-519. Click here for pdf. 
  18. Burgess N. The Hippocampus, space and viewpoints in episodic memory Quart. J. Exp. Psychol. (2002) 55A, 1057-1080. Click here for pdf
  19. Burgess N., Maguire E.A., O'Keefe J. The human hippocampus and spatial and episodic memory Neuron (2002) 35 625-641. Click here for pdf.
  20. Spiers H.J., Maguire E.A., Burgess N. (2001) Hippocampal Amnesia Neurocase 7 357 382. Click here for pdf
  21. Hartley T., Burgess N. Models of spatial cognition Encyclopaedia of Cognitive Science 4 pp 111-119 MacMillan (2002). Click here for pdf. 
  22. Burgess N., King J. A. Navigation in virtual space: Psychological and neural aspects International Encyclopaedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences 15 pp 10417-22. Elsevier (2002).
  23. Burgess N, O'Keefe J (2002) Spatial Models of the Hippocampus in: The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks, 2nd Edition Ed: Arbib M A, MIT press, Cambridge MA. Click here for pdf. 
  24. N Burgess, KJ Jeffery, J O'Keefe (Eds.) The Hippocampal and Parietal Foundations of Spatial Cognition UK: Oxford University Press 1999. ISBN: 0198524536 (Hbk) 019852452 8 (Pbk).
  25. O'Keefe J and Burgess N (1999) Theta activity, virtual navigation and the human hippocampus Trends in Cognitive Science 3 403-406 (1999). Click here for pdf. 
  26. Maguire EA, Burgess N, O'Keefe J (1999) Human spatial navigation: cognitive maps, sexual dimorphism, and neural substrates Current Opinion in Neurobiology 9 171-177. Click here for pdf. 

Memory/Hippocampal formation: computational modelling

  1. Spens E, Burgess N (2024) A generative model of memory construction and consolidation. Nature Human Behaviour. Click here for pdf

  2. Burkhardt M, Bergelt J, Gönner L, Dinkelbach HÜ, Beuth F, Schwarz A, Bicanski A, Burgess N, Hamker FH (2023) A large-scale neurocomputational model of spatial cognition integrating memory with vision. Neural Networks 167: 473-88. Click here for pdf.

  3. Geerts P, Gershman SJ, Burgess N, Stachenfeld KL (2023) A probabilistic successor representation for context-dependent learning. Psychological Review, Click here for pdf.

  4. Chu T, Ji Z, Zuo J, Mi Y, Zhang W, Huang T, Bush D, Burgess N, Wu S (2023) Firing rate adaptation affords place cell theta sweeps, phase precession and procession. Elife. Click here for pdf.

  5. Yu C, Li D, Hao J, Wang J, Burgess N (2022) Learning state representations via retracing in reinforcement learning. Int. Conf. Learn. Representations 2022. Click here for pdf.

  6. Yan Y, Burgess N, Bicanski A (2021) A model of head direction and landmark coding in complex environments. PLoS Computational Biology, 17(9): e1009434. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1009434.

  7. Yu C, Behrens TEJ, Burgess N (2021) Prediction and generalisation over directed actions by grid cells. Int. Conf. Learn. Representations (ICLR). Click here for pdf

  8. Geerts JP, Chersi F, Stachenfeld KL, Burgess N (2020) A general model of hippocampal and dorsal striatal learning and decision making. PNAS 117: 31427-37. Click here for pdf

  9. Whittington* JCR, Muller* TH, Mark S, Chen G, Barry C, Burgess N, Behrens TEJ (2020) The Tolman-Eichenbaum Machine - Unifying space and relational memory through generalisation in the hippocampal formation. Cell 183: 1-15. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S009286742031388X 

  10. Bush D, Burgess N (2020) Advantages and detection of phase coding in the absence of rhythmicity. Hippocampus 30: 745-62. Click here for pdf

  11. Evans T, Burgess N (2019) Coordinated hippocampal-entorhinal replay as structural inference. Neural Information Processing Systems, 8450. https://dl.acm.org/doi/pdf/10.5555/3454287.3454442

  12. Edvardsen V, Bicanski A, Burgess N (2019) Navigating with grid and place cells in cluttered environments. Hippocampus 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1002/hipo.23147

  13. Bush D, Burgess N (2020) Advantages and detection of phase coding in the absence of rhythmicity. Hippocampus 30: 745–62. Click here for pdf  

  14. Bicanski A, Burgess N (2019) A computational model of visual recognition memory via grid cells. Curr Biol 29: 979-90. Click here for pdf.

  15. Bedder RL, Bush D, Banakou D, Peck T, Slater M, Burgess N (2019) A mechanistic account of bodily resonance and implicit bias. Cognition 184. Click here for pdf.

  16. Laptev D, Burgess N (2019) Neural dynamics indicate parallel integration of environmental and self-motion information by place and grid cells. Frontiers in Neural Circuits 13: 59. Click here for pdf. 

  17. Bicanski A, Burgess N (2018) A neural-level model of spatial memory and imagery. eLife 2018;7:e33752. Click here for pdf
  18. Bicanski A, Burgess N (2016) Environmental anchoring of head direction in a computational model of retrosplenial cortex. J Neurosci 36: 11601-18. Click here for pdf.
  19. Chersi F, Burgess N (2015) The cognitive architecture of spatial navigation: Hippocampal and Striatal contributions. Neuron 88: 64-77. Click here for pdf.
  20. Bush D, Barry C, Manson D, Burgess N (2015). Using Grid Cells for Navigation. Neuron 87: 507-520. Click here for pdf.
  21. Bush D, Burgess N (2014) A hybrid oscillatory interference / continuous attractor network model of grid cell firing. J. Neurosci., 34: 5065-5079. Click here for pdf.
  22. Towse BW, Barry C, Bush D, Burgess N (2014) Optimal configurations of spatial scale for grid cell firing under noise and uncertainty. Phil Trans Roy Soc B, 369 20130290. Click here for pdf.
  23. Burgess CP, Burgess N (2014) Controlling phase noise in oscillatory interference models of grid cell firing. J. Neurosci., 34: 6224-6232. Click here for pdf.
  24. Penny W, Zeidman P, Burgess N (2013) Forward and backward inference in spatial cognition. PLoS Comput Biol, 9(12): e1003383. Click here for pdf.
  25. Yoon KJ, Buice MA, Barry C, Hayman R, Burgess N, Fiete IR (2013) Evidence of low-dimensional continuous attractor dynamics in grid cells. Nature Neuroscience, 16, 1077–1084. Click here for pdf.
  26. Brewin CR, Burgess N (2014) Contextualisation in the revised dual representation theory of PTSD: A response to Pearson and colleagues. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry, 45: 217-9. Click here for pdf.
  27. Barry C, Bush D, O’Keefe J, Burgess N (2012) Models of Grid Cells and Theta Oscillations. Nature 488, doi: 10.1038/nature11276. Click here for pdf.
  28. Burgess N., O’Keefe J. (2011) Models of place and grid cell firing and theta rhythmicity. Curr Opin Neurobiol 21 734-744. Click here for pdf.
  29. Brewin CR, Gregory JD, Lipton M, Burgess N (2010) Intrusive Images in Psychological Disorders: Characteristics, Neural Mechanisms, and Treatment Implications. Psychological Review 117 210-32. Click here for pdf.
  30. Burgess N. (2008) Grid cells and theta as oscillatory interference: Theory and predictions. Hippocampus (2008) 18 1157-1174. Click here for pdf.
  31. Burgess N., Barry C., O'Keefe J. (2007) An oscillatory interference model of grid cell firing. Hippocampus 17 801-812. Click here for pdf.
  32. Barry C., Burgess, N. (2007) Learning in a geometric model of place cell firing. Hippocampus 17, 786-800. Click here for pdf.
  33. Byrne P, Becker S, Burgess N (2007) Remembering the past and imagining the future: a neural model of spatial memory and imagery. Psychological Review 114 340-375. Click here for pdf.
  34. Barry C, Lever C, Hayman R, Hartley T, Burton S, O'Keefe J, Jeffery KJ, Burgess N. (2006) The boundary vector cell model of place cell firing and spatial memory. Reviews in the Neurosciences  17(1-2), 71-79. Click here for pdf. Or here for better figures.
  35. Burgess N, Barry C, Jeffery KJ, O’Keefe J (2005) A Grid & Place Cell Model of Path Integration Utilizing Phase Precession Versus Theta. Poster at CCNC Washington 2005. Click here for pdf.
  36. O'Keefe J., Burgess N. (2005) Dual phase and rate coding in hippocampal place cells: theoretical significance and relationship to entorhinal grid cells. Hippocampus 15 853-866. Click herefor pdf.
  37. Burgess N., Cacucci F., Lever C., O'Keefe J. (2005) Characterizing multiple independent behavioral correlates of cell firing in freely moving animals. Hippocampus 15 149-153. Click here for pdf. Click here for resources.
  38. Lever C, Burgess N, Cacucci F, Hartley T, O'Keefe J (2002) What can the hippocampal representation of environmental geometry tell us about Hebbian learning? Biological Cybernetics 87 356-372. Click here for pdf.
  39. Burgess N., Becker S., King J.A., O'Keefe J. Memory for events and their spatial context: models and experiments. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond B 356 1493-1503 (2001). Click here for pdf.
  40. Burgess N., Hartley T. Orientational and geometric determinants of place and head-direction Neural Information Processing Systems 14 165-172 MIT Press (2002). Click here for pdf.
  41. Becker S., Burgess N.  Modelling spatial recall, mental imagery and neglect Neural Information Processing Systems 13 96-102 (2001). Click here for pdf.
  42. Hartley T., Burgess N., Lever C., Cacucci F., O'Keefe J. Modeling place fields in terms of the cortical inputs to the hippocampus. Hippocampus 10 369-379 (2000). Click here for pdf, and here to get better figures.
  43. Burgess N., Jackson A., Hartley T., O'Keefe J. Predictions derived from modelling the hippocampal role in navigation Biological Cybernetics 83 301-312 (2000). Click here for pdf.
  44. N Burgess, JG Donnett, KJ Jeffery J O'Keefe  Robotic and neuronal simulation of the hippocampus and rat navigation.  Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., London B 352 1535-1543 (1997). Click here to get the .pdf file.
  45. N Burgess, J O'Keefe  Neuronal computations underlying the firing of place cells and their role in navigation Hippocampus 6 749-762 (1996). Click here for pdf.
  46. N Burgess, M Recce, J O'Keefe  A Model of Hippocampal Function Neural Networks 7 1065-1081 (1994). Click here for pdf
  47. N Burgess, M Recce, J O'Keefe  Using Hippocampal `Place Cells' for Navigation, Exploiting Phase Coding in: Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 5 Eds: Hanson S J, Giles C L Cowan J D, 929-936, Morgan Kaufmann, CA (1993). Click here for pdf.

Hippocampal formation: single unit/LFP recordings

  1. Muessig L, Ribeiro Rodrigues F, Bjerknes TL, Towse BW, Barry C, Burgess N, Moser EI, Moser M-B, Cacucci F, Wills TJ (2024) Environment geometry alters subiculum boundary vector cell receptive fields in adulthood and early development. Nature Communications 15, 982. Click here for pdf
  2. Bush D, Olafsdottir HF, Barry C, Burgess N (2022) Ripple band phase precession of place cell firing during replay. Curr. Biol. 32: 64-73. Click here for pdf.
  3. Vivekananda U, Bush D, Bisby JA, Baxendale S, Rodionov R, Diehl B, Chowdhury FA, McEvoy AW, Miserocchi A, Walker MC, Burgess N (2020) Theta power and theta-gamma coupling support long-term spatial memory retrieval. Hippocampus 31: 213-20. Click here for pdf
  4. Vivekananda U*, Bush D*, Bisby JA, Diehl B, Jha A, Nachev P, Rodionov R, Burgess N, Walker MC (2019) Spatial and episodic memory tasks promote temporal lobe interictal spikes. Annals of Neurology 86: 304–309. Click here for pdf
  5. Chen G, Lu Y, King JA, Cacucci F,  Burgess N (2019) Differential influences of environment and self-motion on place and grid cell firing. Nature Comms. 10: 630. Click here for pdf
  6. Chen G, King JA, Lu Y, Cacucci F,  Burgess N (2018) Spatial cell firing during virtual navigation of open arenas by head-restrained mice. eLife 7:e34789. Click here for pdf
  7. Bush D, Bisby JA, Bird CM, Gollwitzer S, Rodionov R, Diehl B, McEvoy AW, Walker MC, Burgess N (2017) Human hippocampal theta power indicates movement onset and distance travelled. P.N.A.S. 114: 12297. Click here for pdf.
  8. Carpenter F, Manson D, Jeffery K, Burgess N, Barry C (2015) Grid Cells Form a Global Representation of Connected Environments. Curr. Biol. 25: 1176-1182. Click here for pdf.
  9. Krupic J, Burgess N, O’Keefe J (2015) Spatially periodic cells are neither formed from grids nor poor isolation. arXiv:1512.06248. Click here for pdf.
  10. Stewart S, Jeewajee A, Wills TJ, Burgess N, Lever C (2014) Boundary coding in the rat subiculum. Phil Trans Roy Soc B, 369 20120514.  Click here for pdf.
  11. Jeewajee A, Barry C, Douchamps V, Manson D, Lever C, Burgess N (2014) Theta phase precession of grid and place cell firing in open environments. Phil Trans Roy Soc B, 369 20120532. Click here for pdf.
  12. Wells CE, Amos DP, Jeewajee A, Douchamps V, Rodgers J, O’Keefe J, Burgess N, Lever C (2013) Novelty and anxiolytics dissociate two components of hippocampal theta in behaving rats. J. Neurosci., 33: 8650-67. Click here for pdf.
  13. Douchamps V, Jeewajee A, Blundell P, Burgess N, Lever C (2013) Evidence for encoding versus retrieval scheduling in the hippocampus by theta phase and acetylcholine. J. Neurosci., 33: 8689-704. Click here for pdf.
  14. Chen G, King JA, Burgess N, O’Keefe J (2013) How vision and movement combine in the hippocampal place code. P.N.A.S. 110: 378-82. Click here for pdf.
  15. Barry C, Ginsberg LL, O’Keefe J, Burgess N (2012) Grid cell firing patterns signal environmental novelty by expansion. P.N.A.S. 109: 17687-92. Click here for pdf.
  16. Krupic J, Burgess N, O’Keefe J (2012) Neural Representations of Location Composed of Spatially-periodic Bands. Science, 337: 853-857. Click here for pdf.
  17. Wills T, Cacucci F, Burgess N, O’Keefe J (2010) Development of the hippocampal cognitive map in pre-weanling rats. Science 328: 1573-6.
  18. Lever C, Burton S, Jeewajee A, O'Keefe J, Burgess N. (2009) Boundary vector cells in the subiculum of the hippocampal formation. J Neurosci. 29 9771-7. Click here for pdf.
  19. Jeewajee A, Barry C, O'Keefe J, Burgess N. (2008) Grid cells and theta as oscillatory interference: electrophysiological data from freely-moving rats. Hippocampus (2008) 18 1175-1185. Click here for pdf.
  20. Jeewajee A, Lever C, Burton S, O'Keefe J, Burgess N. (2008) Environmental novelty is signaled by reduction of the hippocampal theta frequency. Hippocampus (2008) 18 340-348. Click here for pdf.
  21. Barry C., Hayman R., Burgess N., Jeffery K. (2007) Experience-dependent rescaling of entorhinal grids. Nature Neuroscience 10 682-684. Click here for pdf.
  22. Wills T.J., Lever C., Cacucci F., Burgess N., O'Keefe J. (2005) Attractor dynamics in the hippocampal representation of the local environment. Science 308 873-876. Click here for pdf.
  23. Cacucci F., Lever C., Wills T., Burgess N., O’Keefe J. (2004) Theta-modulated place-by-direction cells in the hippocampal formation in the rat. J. Neuroscience 24 8265-8277. Click here for pdf.
  24. Huxter J., Burgess N., O’Keefe J. (2003) Independent rate and temporal coding in hippocampal pyramidal cells. Nature 425 9828-832. Click here for pdf. Click here to get pdf of supplementary info.
  25. Lever C., Wills T., Cacucci F., Burgess N., O’Keefe J. (2002) Long-term plasticity in the hippocampal place cell representation of environmental geometry, Nature 416 90-94. Click here for pdf.
  26. KJ Jeffery, JG Donnett, N Burgess, J O'Keefe (1997) Directional control of hippocampal place fields Exp. Brain Res. 117 131-142.
  27. J O'Keefe, N Burgess (1996) Geometric determinants of the place fields of hippocampal neurones Nature 381 425-428. Click here for pdf.

Functional neuroimaging

  1. Joensen BH*, Bush D*, Vivekananda U, Horner AJ, Bisby JA, Diehl B, Miserocchi A, McEvoy AW, Walker MC, Burgess N (2023) Hippocampal theta activity during encoding promotes subsequent associative memory in humans. Cerebral Cortex, https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhad162
  2. Convertino L*, Bush D*, Zheng F, Adams RA, Burgess N (2022) Reduced grid-like theta modulation in schizophrenia. Brain, doi.org/10.1093/brain/awac416. 
  3. Suarez-Jimenez B, Balderston NL, Bisby JA, Leshin J, Hsiung A, King JA, Pine DS, Burgess N, Grillon C, Ernst M (2021) Location-dependent threat and associated neural abnormalities in clinical anxiety. Commun. Biol. 4, 1263. 
  4. Adams RA, Bush D, Zheng F, Meyer SS, Kaplan R, Orfanos S, Marques TR, Howes OD, Burgess N (2020) Impaired theta phase coupling underlies frontotemporal dysconnectivity in schizophrenia. Brain 143: 1261–1277.
  5. Kornysheva K, Bush D, Meyer S, Sadnicka A, Barnes G, Burgess N (2019) Neural competitive queuing of ordinal structure underlies skilled sequential action. Neuron 101:1166–1180. Click here for pdf
  6. Grande X, Berron D, Horner AJ, Bisby JA, Duzel E, Burgess N (2019). Holistic Recollection via Pattern Completion Involves Hippocampal Subfield CA3. J Neurosci 39: 8100-11. Click here for pdf
  7. Suarez-Jimenez B, Bisby JA, Horner AJ, King JA, Pine DS, Burgess N (2018) Linked networks for learning and expressing location-specific threat. P.N.A.S. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1714691115. Click here for pdf.
  8. Kaplan R, Bush D, Bisby JA, Horner AJ, Meyer SS, Burgess N  (2017) Medial prefrontal- medial temporal theta phase coupling in dynamic spatial imagery. J Cog Neurosci 29: 507–519 doi:10.1162/jocn_a_01064.
  9. Bisby JA, Horner AJ, Horlyck LD, Burgess N (2016) Opposing effects of negative emotion on amygdalar and hippocampal memory for items and associations. Social, Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience 11: 981-990. Click here for pdf.
  10. Lin WJ, Horner AJ, Burgess N (2016) Ventromedial prefrontal cortex: adding value to autobiographical memories. Scientific Reports 6: 28630.  Click here for pdf.
  11. Steemers B, Vincente-Grabovetsky, Barry C, Smulders P, Navarro Schroder T, Burgess N, Doeller CF (2016) Hippocampal attractor dynamics predict memory-based decision making. Curr Biol 26: 1–8. Click here for pdf.
  12. Horner AJ, Bisby JA, Zotow E, Bush D, Burgess N (2016) Grid-like processing of imagined navigation. Curr Biol 26: 842-7. Click here for pdf.
  13. Horner AJ, Bisby JA, Bush D, Lin WJ, Burgess N (2015) Evidence for holistic episodic recollection via hippocampal pattern completion. Nature Comms, 6:7462. Click here for pdf.
  14. Bird CM, Keidel JL, Ing LP, Horner AJ, Burgess N (2015) Consolidation of Complex Events via Reinstatement in Posterior Cingulate Cortex. J Neurosci 35: 14426-34. Click here for pdf.
  15. Lin WJ, Horner AJ, Bisby JA, Burgess N (2015) Medial prefrontal cortex: adding value to imagined scenarios. J. Cog. Neurosci., doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00836. Click here for pdf.
  16. Kaplan R, Horner A, Bandetti, Doeller CF, Burgess N (2014) Human hippocampal processing of environmental novelty during spatial navigation. Hippocampus, 24: 740-750. Click here for pdf.
  17. Dhindsa K, Drobinin V, King J, Hall GB, Burgess N, Becker, S. (2014) Examining the role of the temporo-parietal network in memory, imagery, and viewpoint transformations. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8: 709. Click here for pdf.
  18. Harrison NA, Doeller CF, Voon V, Burgess N, Critchley CD (2014) Peripheral inflammation acutely impairs human spatial memory via actions on medial temporal lobe glucose metabolism. Biological Psychiatry, 76: 585-593. Click here for pdf.
  19. Kaplan R, Bush D, Bonnefond M, Bandettini PA. Barnes GR, Doeller CF, Burgess N (2014) Medial prefrontal theta phase coupling during spatial memory retrieval. Hippocampus, 24: 656-665. Click here for pdf.
  20. Kaplan R, Doeller CF, Barnes GR, Litvak V, Duzel E, Bandettini PA, Burgess N. (2012) Movement-related theta rhythm in humans: Coordinating self-directed hippocampal learning. PLoS Biol 10(2): e1001267. Click here for pdf.
  21. Viard A, Doeller CF, Hartley T, Bird CM, Burgess N (2011) Anterior hippocampus and goal-directed spatial decision making. J. Neurosci. 31: 4613-21. Click here for pdf.
  22. Lambrey S, Doeller CD, Berthoz A, Burgess N (2011). Imagining being somewhere else: neural basis of changing perspective in space. Cerebral Cortex, 22: 166-174. Click here for pdf.
  23. Doeller CF, Barry C, Burgess, N (2010) Evidence for grid cells in a human memory network. Nature 463 657- 661. Click here for pdf.
  24. Iglói K, Doeller CF, Berthoz A, Rondi-Reig L, Burgess N (2010) Lateralized Human Hippocampal Activity Predicts Navigation Based on Sequence or Place Memories. P.N.A.S. 107: 14466-71. Click here for pdf.
  25. Bird CM, Capponi C, King JA, Doeller CF, Burgess N (2010) Establishing the boundaries: the hippocampal contribution to imagining scenes. J Neurosci. 30:11688-95. Click here for pdf.
  26. Trinkler I, King JA, Doeller CF, Rugg MD, Burgess N (2009) Neural bases of autobiographical support for episodic recollection of faces. Hippocampus. Click here for pdf.
  27. Doeller C, King JA, Burgess N (2008) Parallel and independent processing of environmental boundaries and landmarks in hippocampus and striatum. P.N.A.S, 105 5915-5920. Click here for pdf.
  28. Wallentin M, Roepstorff A, Glover R, Burgess N  Parallel memory systems for talking about location and age in precuneus, caudate and Broca’s region.NeuroImage, (2006). Click here for pdf.
  29. King JA, Blair JR, Mitchell DGV, Dolan RJ, Burgess N Doing the right thing: a common neural circuit for appropriate violent or compassionate behavior. NeuroImage, 30 1069-1076 (2006). Click here for pdf.
  30. King JA, Hartley T, Spiers HJ, Maguire EA, Burgess N Anterior prefrontal involvement in episodic retrieval reflects contextual interference. NeuroImage, 28 256-267 (2005). Click here for pdf.
  31. Hartley T, Maguire E.A., Spiers H.J., Burgess N The well-worn route and the path less traveled: distinct neural bases of route following and wayfinding in humans. Neuron, 37 877-888 (2003). Click here for pdf.
  32. Burgess N., Maguire E.A., Spiers H.J., O'Keefe J.   A temporoparietal and prefrontal network for retrieving the spatial context of lifelike events NeuroImage 14 439-453 (2001). Click here for  pdf.
  33. D.S. Pine, J. Grun, E.A. Maguire, N. Burgess, E. Zarahn, V. Koda, A. Fyer, P.R. Szeszko, R.M. Bilderi,   A Neurodevelopmental Aspects of Spatial Navigation: A Virtual Reality fMRI Study NeuroImage 15 396-406 (2002). Click here for pdf.
  34. D.S. Pine, A. Fyer, J. Grun, E.A. Phelps, P.R. Szeszko, V. Koda, W. Li, B. Ardekani, E.A. Maguire, N. Burgess, R.M. Bilder Methods for Developmental Studies of Fear Conditioning CircuitryBiol. Psychiatry 50 225-8 (2001). Click here for pdf.
  35. RNA Henson, N Burgess, CD Frith Recoding, storage, rehearsal and grouping in verbal short-term memory: an fMRI study Neuropsychologia 38 426-440 (1999).
  36. EA Maguire, N Burgess, JG Donnett, CD Frith, R Frackowiak, J O'Keefe  Knowing where and getting there: a human navigation network Science 280 921-924 (1998). Click here for pdf file.
  37. EA Maguire, N Burgess, JG Donnett, J O'Keefe, CD Frith Knowing where things are: Parahippocampal involvement in encoding object locations in virtual large-scale space J. Cog. Neurosci. 10 61-67 (1998).

Neuropsychology & Psychology of Spatial and Episodic Memory

  1. Castegnaro* A, Ji* Z, Rudzka K, Chan D, Burgess N (2023) Overestimation in angular path integration precedes Alzheimer’s dementia. Curr Biol 33: 4650-61. Click here for pdf.
  2. Castegnaro A, Howett D, Li A, Harding E, Chan D, Burgess N, King JA (2022) Assessing mild cognitive impairment using object-location memory in immersive virtual environments. Hippocampus 32: 660-78. Click here for pdf.
  3. Zotow E, Bisby JA, Burgess N (2020) Behavioral evidence for pattern separation in human episodic memory. Learning & Memory 27: 301-309. Click here for pdf.
  4. Ikhsan SNBM, Bisby JA, Bush D, Steins DS, Burgess N (2020) Inference within episodic memory reflects pattern completion. Quart. J. Exp. Psychology. 73: 2047–70.  Click here for pdf
  5. Horlyck LD, Bisby JA, King JA, Burgess N. (2019). Wakeful rest compared to vigilance reduces intrusive but not deliberate memory for traumatic videos  Scientific Reports 9:13403. .
  6. Howett D, Castegnaro A, Krzywicka K, Hagman J, Marchment D, Henson RNA, Rio M, King JA, Burgess N, Chan D. (2019) Differentiation of mild cognitive impairment using an entorhinal cortex-based test of virtual reality navigation. Brain 142:1751–66  Click here for pdf
  7. Vikbladh O, Meager MR, King JA, Blackmon KE, Devinsky O, Shohamy D, Burgess N, Daw ND (2019) Hippocampal contributions to model-based planning and spatial memory. Neuron 102: 683-93 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2019.02.014
  8. Bisby JA, Horner AJ, Bush D, Burgess N (2017) Negative emotional content disrupts the coherence of episodic memories. J Exp Psychol: Gen, 147 243-256. doi: 10.1037/xge0000356. 
  9. Chan D, Gallaher LM, Moodley K, Minati L, Burgess N, Hartley T. (2016) The 4 Mountains Test: A short test of spatial memory with high sensitivity for the diagnosis of pre-dementia Alzheimer's disease. J. Vis. Exp. (116), e54454. Click here for pdf.
  10. Horner AJ, Bisby JA, Wang A, Bogus K, Burgess N (2016) The role of spatial boundaries in shaping long-term event representations. Cognition 154: 151-164. Click here for pdf.
  11. Petrini K, Caradonna A, Foster C, Burgess N, Nardini M (2016) How vision and self-motion combine or compete during path reproduction changes with age. Scientific Reports, 6: 29163. Click here for pdf.
  12. Smith KV, Burgess N, Brewin CR, King JA (2015) Impaired allocentric spatial processing in posttraumatic stress disorder. Neurobiol of Learning and Memory. 119, 69-76. Click here for pdf.
  13. Bisby JA, King JA, Sulpizio V, Degeilh F, Curran HV, Burgess N (2015) Extinction learning is slower, weaker and less context specific after alcohol. Neurobiol. Learn. & Mem. 125: 55-62. Click here for pdf.
  14. Horner AJ, Burgess N (2014) Pattern completion in multi-element event engrams. Curr. Biol. 24: 988-992. Click here for pdf.
  15. Bisby JA, Burgess N (2014) Negative affect impairs associative memory but not item memory. Learning and Memory 21:760-766. Click here for pdf.
  16. Horner AJ, Burgess N (2013) The associative structure of memory for multi-element events. J. Exp. Psychol.: General, 142: 1370-83. Click here for pdf.
  17. Tcheang L, Bülthoff H, Burgess N (2011) Visual Influence on Path Integration in Darkness Indicates a Multimodal Representation of Large-Scale Space. P.N.A.S. 108: 1152-1157. Click here for pdf.
  18. Bird CM, Davies RA, Ward J, Burgess N (2011) Effects of pre-experimental knowledge on recognition memory. Learning and Memory, 18: 11-14. Click here for pdf.
  19. Bird CM, Chan D, Hartley T, Pijnenburg YA, Rossor MN, Burgess N (2010). Topographical short-term memory differentiates Alzheimers disease from frontotemporal lobar degeneration. Hippocampus 20: 1154-69. Click here for pdf.
  20. Bisby JA, King JA, Brewin CR, Burgess N, Curran HV (2010). Acute effects of alcohol on intrusive memory development and viewpoint dependence in spatial memory support a dual representation model. Biological Psychiatry 68 280-6. Click here for pdf.
  21. Bird CM, Burgess N (2008) Contextual support for familiar items may explain the hippocampal-dependence of recognition memory for words but not faces. Current Biology 18 1932-6. Click here for pdf.
  22. Pengas G, Patterson K, Arnold RJ, Bird C, Burgess N, Nestor PJ (2010) Lost and found: bespoke memory testing for Alzheimer's disease and semantic dementia. J. Alzheimer’s Disease 21: 1347–1365. Click here for pdf.
  23. Doeller C, Burgess N (2008) Distinct error-correcting and incidental learning of location relative to landmarks and boundaries. P.N.A.S. 105 5909-5914. .
  24. Nardini M, Atkinson J, Braddick O, Burgess N (2008) Developmental trajectories for spatial frames of reference in Williams syndrome. Developmental Science 11, 583-95.
  25. Hartley T, Bird CM, Chan D, Cipolotti L, Husain M, Varghe-Khadem F, Burgess N (2007) The hippocampus is required for short-term topographical memory in humans. Hippocampus 17 34-48. Click here for pdf.
  26. Burgess N., Trinkler T., Kennedy, A., Cipolotti, L.(2006) Impaired allocentric spatial memory underlying topographical disorientation Rev Neurosci 17 239-251. Click here for pdf.
  27. Nardini M, Burgess N, Breckenridge K, Atkinson J (2006) Differential developmental trajectories for egocentric, environmental and intrinsic frames of reference in spatial memoryCognition, 101 153-172. Click here for pdf.
  28. Burgess N., Spiers H.J., Paleologou E. (2004) Orientational manoeuvres in the dark: dissociating allocentric and egocentric influences in spatial memory. Cognition, 94 149-166. Click here for pdf.
  29. Hartley T., Trinkler I., Burgess N. (2004) Geometric determinants of human spatial memory. Cognition, 94 39-75. .
  30. King JA, Trinkler I, Hartley T, Vargha-Khadem F, Burgess N (2004) The hippocampal role in spatial memory and the familiarity-recollection distinction: a single case study. Neuropsychology18 405-417. Click here to get pdf pre-print.
  31. Henson R.N.A., Hartley T., Burgess N., Hitch G.J., Flude B. (2003) Selective interference with verbal short-term memory for serial order information: a new paradigm and tests of a timing signal hypothesis. Quart. J. Exp. Psychology 56 1307-34. Click here for pdf.
  32. King J.A., Burgess N., Hartley T., Vargha-Khadem F., O'Keefe J. The Human Hippocampus and Viewpoint Dependence in Spatial Memory. Hippocampus (2002) 12 811-820. Click here for pdf.
  33. Spiers H.J, Burgess N., Maguire E.A., Vargha-Khadem F., O'Keefe J. Bilateral Hippocampal Pathology Impairs Topographical and Episodic Memory but not Visual Pattern Matching. Hippocampus (2001) 11 715-725. Click here for pdf.
  34. Spiers H.J., Burgess N., Maguire E.A., Baxendale S.A., Hartley T., Thompson P., O'Keefe J. Unilateral Temporal Lobectomy Patients show Lateralised Topographical and Episodic Memory Deficits in a Virtual Town. Brain (2001) 124 2479-2489. Click here for pdf.

Short-term memory for serial order

  1. Hitch GJ, Flude B, Burgess N (2009) Slave to the rhythm: experimental tests of a model for verbal short-term memory and long-term sequence learning. J Memory & Language 61 97-111. Click here for pdf
  2. N Burgess, GJ Hitch (2006) A revised model of short-term memory and long-term learning of verbal sequences. J. Memory and Language 55 627-652. Click here for pdf
  3. Henson R.N.A., Hartley T., Burgess N., Hitch G.J., Flude B. (2003) Selective interference with verbal short-term memory for serial order information: a new paradigm and tests of a timing signal hypothesis. Quart. J. Exp. Psychology 56 1307-34.
  4. N Burgess, GJ Hitch (1999) Memory for Serial Order: A Network Model of the Phonological Loop and its Timing Psychological Review, 106 551-581. Click here for pdf, Click here to get compressed postscript, or here to get uncompressed postsript.
  5. RNA Henson, N Burgess Representations of serial order in: 4th Neural Computation and Psychology Workshop, London 9-11 April 1997: Connectionist Representations Eds: J. A. Bullinaria, D. W. Glasspool G. Houghton, 283-300. Springer (1997).
  6. N Burgess  A Solvable Connectionist Model of Immediate Recall of Ordered Lists in: Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 7 Eds: Tesauro G, Touretzky D Leen T K, 51-58 51-58, MIT Press, Cambridge MA (1995). Click here for pdf.
  7. N Burgess, GJ Hitch A Connectionist Model of STM for Serial Order in: Models of Short-Term Memory Ed: Gathercole S E, 51-72, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, U.K (1996).
  8. GJ Hitch, N Burgess, J Towse, V Culpin Temporal grouping effects and working memory: the role of the phonological loop Quart. J. Exp. Psychol. 49A 116-139 (1996). Click here for pdf.
  9. N Burgess, GJ Hitch Toward a Network Model of the Articulatory Loop J. Mem. & Lang. 31 429-460 (1992). Click here for pdf.
  10. N Burgess, JL Shapiro, MA Moore List Learning in Neural Networks Network 2 399-422 (1991). Click here for pdf.

Constructive algorithms

  1. N Burgess A Constructive Algorithm that Converges for Real-Valued Input Patterns Int. J. Neural Systems 5 59-66 (1994). Click here for pdf
  2. S Di Zenzo, N Burgess, P Ferragina, M Notturno-Granieri Recognition by Constructive Neural Algorithms, Pattern Recog. Letts. 14 997-1007 (1993)
  3. N Burgess, M Notturno-Granieri, S Patarnello 3-D Object Classification: Application of a Constructive Algorithm, Int. J. Neural Systems 2 275-282 (1992).


  1. N Burgess The effect of mirror-reflection on chirality and handedness can be explained without social psychology. Psycoloquy 12(031) (2001) click here
  2. N Burgess, MA Moore Cost Distributions in Large Combinatorial Optimisation Problems J. Phys. A 22 4599-4610 (1989). Click here for pdf.

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