At the UCL Energy Institute, we use many different types of energy model for different purposes.

Systems and technology models

Energy system models are technology-rich cost-optimising models that are used for energy technology assessment and decarbonisation pathway studies.  We use models at UK, European and global scales.

UK TIMES UK energy systems optimisation model that supersedes UK MARKAL
ETM-UCL European energy systems optimisation model
TIAM-UCL Global energy systems optimisation model
ESME UK energy systems optimisation model
DynEMo UK dynamic energy systems model
OSeMOSYS Open-source energy system model
UK MARKAL UK energy systems optimisation model

Built environment models

Built environment models examine different aspects of building decarbonisation and smart energy systems.

HIDEEM Bottom-up, household level health impact model
English Archetypes Bottom-up housing stock model
CaRB2 Bottom-up non-domestic stock model
SmartCED Energy demand management model that uses optimisation for controlling demand-side management in future intelligent grids

    Transport: aviation and shipping models

    Our transport models examine decarbonisation options in the international aviation and shipping sectors.

    AIM Integrated assessment tool of the global air transportation system
    GloTraM Techno-economic model of the global freight transport system, currently focused on international shipping

      Electricity and other infrastructure models

      Electricity dispatch, network and market models help to understand how robust, low-carbon electricity systems may be designed and operated in the future.  Infrastructure models are used to understand energy transportation. Spatial and temporal factors are often very important for these systems. The electricity transmission and distribution systems are a good example but our research also includes gas networks and the development of transport sector infrastructure (e.g. for a hydrogen economy).

      DEAM Agent-based, bottom-up, techno-economic model to understand electricity substation loads
      EleServe Generates electricity load curves
      GCDCN Granger-Causal Dynamic Complex Networks model - A toolkit to analyse the dynamic causal co-movements of a system of time series variables, with applications to electricity markets
      Analyses the integration of renewables into the UK electricity generation system
      SHIPMod Spatially-detailed supply chain and infrastructure optimisation model for a transition to hydrogen vehicles in the UK

      Economic models

      Economic models, often integrated with energy system models, are used to examine the wider impacts of changes in the energy system on the economy.

      TIMES MACRO Plus Hybrid energy system and multi-sector economic growth model generator
      CGE-UCL Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model that includes natural resource and environmental considerations
      COMPASS Econometric model of wholesale electricity prices

      Environmental models

      Our environmental models enable us to understand the links between energy use, greenhouse gas emissions and climate change.

      TIAM-UCL-IAM Integrated Assessment Model version of TIAM-UCL

        Behavioural models

        Behaviour models explore the interactions between people and energy use, with a particular focus on different actors and the uncertainties that arise from their heterogeneous behaviour.

        BLUE A probabilistic dynamic simulation model to explore uncertainties due to different actors and interacting landscape

        Other models

        Other models include resource and exploratory models.

        BUEGO Equilibrium crude oil resource model