UCL Special Collections holds extensive archives relating to the history of genetics at UCL.
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A number of these archives have been digitised as part of a project funded by the Wellcome Trust to make archives relating to the history of genetics research freely available online.
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More information about the Wellcome Trust Codebreakers project can be found on the project pages.
- Galton Papers
Papers and correspondence, 1612-1926, of Sir Francis Galton, consisting of papers relating to the personal history of Galton and his family, 1612-1926 (Ref: 1-116); papers relating to Galton's scientific work, 1850-1922 (Ref: 117-188); correspondence, 1765-1923 (Ref: 189-345).
The papers were deposited in University College London by Galton's executors soon after his death in 1911. They were added to by gifts from his nephew, Edward Galton Wheler-Galton, and from other members of the family. Purchases were made from sale rooms and private owners by Karl Pearson and other members of the Galton Laboratory during the following thirty years.
- Haldane Papers
Correspondence and papers, 1933-1964, of John Burdon Sanderson Haldane (1892-1964), Professor of Genetics, UCL 1933-1937, and of Biometry, 1937-1957. Includes correspondence with publishers, scientific correspondence, UCL departmental files, personal files.
Some parts of the collection are closed pending review. There are other Haldane papers in the National Library of Scotland.
- Penrose Papers
Correspondence and papers of Lionel Sharples Penrose (1898-1972), Galton Professor of Eugenics, UCL 1943-1963, and of Human Genetics 1963-1965. The collection includes papers relating to the Peckover and Penrose families, and papers relating to the Kennedy-Galton Centre for Mental Deficiency Research and Diagnosis setup by Penrose at Harperbury Hospital, Hertfordshire in 1965. The whole collection covers the years 1806-1974.