Centre for Law, Economics and Society


Research initiatives

The Centre’s objective is to research original topics relating to collective action (State or other), with important practical implications, from a trans-disciplinary perspective

The Centre takes a Mode 2 perspective on knowledge production. Indeed, current changes in scientific practice challenge the traditional conception of knowledge production as being located primarily in Universities, and structured by scientific disciplines (the so called Mode 1 of knowledge production). 

Recent research has highlighted that scientific knowledge is increasingly the product of trans-disciplinary collaboration and takes place in a heterogeneous environment, where not only Universities, but also the public and the private sectors contribute to the research.

Gibbons, Limoges, Nowotny, Schwartzman, Scott and Trow employed the term of Mode 2 knowledge to distinguish science produced in a “context of application”, according to a “dialogic process” that incorporates multiple societal interests and institutions, such as universities, research centres, corporations, consultancies, from Mode 1 of knowledge production (M. Gibbons, C. Limoges, H. Nowotny, S. Schwartzman, P. Scott, M. Trow, The New production of Knowledge: The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies (SAGE, 1994).)

For this reason, the organization of our activities is different than in traditional research centres.

Firstly, we choose our topics of our research in close collaboration with the world of practice (governments, International Organizations, law firms and economic consultancies, corporations, the civil society) and we integrate as much as possible the main actors from practice in our work.

Secondly, we have a flexible internal organization for each of these “research initiatives”, with specific teams from the Centre and/or practice working together, independently from the other projects of the Centre, to accomplish their research outcomes.

Thirdly, this flexible internal organization makes it possible to be reactive to proposals coming from the world of practice on issues that are of interest to them, so that our theoretical and empirical research is always relevant and practically useful. To date the Centre has initiated the following research initiatives: