Institute of Archaeology


Samuel Hardy - Honorary Lecturer

Samuel Hardy

Name: Dr Samuel Hardy

Honorary Title: Honorary Lecturer

Email: samuel.hardy@ucl.ac.uk

IoA staff nominator’s name and email address:

Gabriel Moshenska g.moshenska@ucl.ac.uk


IoA involvement:

In 2003-2004, Samuel undertook the MA in Cultural Heritage Studies at the IoA. Since 2010, he has been a guest lecturer for the MA in Public Archaeology. In that time, in 2018-2020, first as a senior visiting fellow then as a visiting lecturer, Samuel researched cultural property crime and propaganda in North Africa and West Asia, and served as a Honorary lecturer and internal examiner for the MA in Museum and Gallery Practice, at UCL Qatar.

Samuel is currently a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow in Cultural Heritage and Conflicts at the Norwegian Institute in Rome, as part of the Heritage Experience Initiative of the University of Oslo, where he is building on his studies and work at UCL to explore looting, conflict financing, policing and propaganda in North Africa, West Asia, South-Eastern Europe and Eastern Europe. He blogs his research and analysis at https://conflictantiquities.wordpress.com


Research Publications

  • Hardy, S A. 2020: “Treasure-hunters ‘even from Sweden’, organised criminals and ‘lawless’ police in the Eastern Mediterranean: Online social organisation of looting and trafficking of antiquities from Turkey, Greece and Cyprus”. Revista d’Arqueologia de Ponent, Number 30, 215-240. Available at: https://doi.org/10.21001/rap.2020.30.11
  • Hardy, S A. 2016 [2018]: “‘Black archaeology’ in Eastern Europe: Metal detecting, illicit trafficking of cultural objects and ‘legal nihilism’ in Belarus, Poland, Russia and Ukraine”. Public Archaeology, Volume 15, Number 4, 214-237. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/14655187.2017.1410050
  • Hardy, S A. 2015: “The conflict antiquities trade: A historical overview”. In Desmarais, F (Ed.). Countering the illicit traffic in cultural goods: The global challenge of protecting the world’s heritage, 21-31. Paris: International Council of Museums (ICOM).
  • Hardy, S A. 2021: “Conflict antiquities’ rescue or ransom? The cost of buying back stolen cultural property in contexts of political violence.” International Journal of Cultural Property, First View. Available at: https://www.doi.org/10.1017/S0940739121000084
  • Hardy, S A. 2021: “Private ‘rescue’-by-purchase of stolen cultural goods: The material and social consequences and the complicity of Europe and North America”. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, Volume 10, Number 1, 65-82. Available at: https://doi.org/10.5204/ijcjsd.v10i1.1526