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Constitution Unit Outputs

This is the full chronological list of Constitution Unit publications.  All are available to download free of charge by clicking on the title which links to a pdf file. If you require a hard copy of any publication please contact Ben Webb ( for further details. 

Reference Title
164 The Constitutional Standards of the House of Lords Select Committee on the Constitution, Second Edition
Jack Simson Caird, Robert Hazell and Dawn Oliver (August 2015)
163 Devolution and the Future of the Union
Edited by Robert Hazell (April 2015)

To Codify or Not to Codify: Lessons from Consolidating the United Kingdom’s Constitutional Statutes

James Melton, Christine Stuart and Daniel Helen (March 2015)


Enough is Enough: Regulating Prime Ministerial Appointments to the Lords

Meg Russell and Tom Semlyen (February 2015)


Demystifying financial privilege: Does the Commons’ claim of financial primacy on Lords amendments need reform?
Meg Russell and Daniel Gover (March 2014)

159 The Constitutional Standards of the House of Lords Select Committee on the Constitution
Jack Simson Caird, Robert Hazell and Dawn Oliver (January 2014)
158 Being a Special Adviser
(March 2014)
Fitting the Bill: Bringing Commons Legislation Committees into Line with Best Practice
Meg Russell, Bob Morris and Phil Larkin (June 2013)
156 Making Freedom of Information Requests: A Guide for Academic Researchers
Gabrielle Bourke, Ben Worthy and Robert Hazell (July 2012)
Town Hall Transparency? The Impact of the Freedom of Information Act on English Local Government
Ben Worthy, Jim Amos, Robert Hazell and Gabrielle Bourke (December 2011)

The Sword and the Shield: The use of FOI by Parliamentarians and the Impact of FOI on Parliament

Ben Worthy and Gabrielle Bourke (September 2011)

153 Selective Influence: The Policy Impact of House of Commons Select Committees
Meg Russell and Meghan Benton (June 2011)
House Full: Time to Get a Grip on Lords Appointments
Meg Russell, supported by Lord Adonis, Graham Allen MP, Baroness Boothroyd, Lord Butler of Brockwell, Baroness Dean of Thornton-le-Fylde, Lord Dholakia, Baroness D’Souza, Lord Forsyth of Drumlean, Robert Hazell, Baroness Jay of Paddington, Lord Mackay of Clashfern, Lord Norton of Louth, Donald Shell, Lord Steel of Aikwood, Lord Stevenson of Coddenham, Baroness Williams of Crosby, Lord Woolf, and Tony Wright (April 2011)
Putting the Goats Amongst the Wolves: Appointing Ministers from outside Parliament
Ben Yong and Robert Hazell (January 2011)
Fixed Term Parliaments
Robert Hazell (August 2010)
The Conservative-Liberal Democrat Agenda for Constitutional and Political Reform
Robert Hazell (June 2010)
The Conservative Agenda for Constitutional Reform
Robert Hazell (February 2010)

Making Minority Government Work: Hung parliaments and the challenges for Westminster and Whitehall

Robert Hazell, Akash Paun, Mark Chalmers, Dr Ben Yong and Dr Catherine Haddon (December 2009)


An Elected Second Chamber: A Conservative View

Andrew Tyrie MP, Rt Hon Sir George Young Bt MP and Roger Gough (editor) (July 2009)


Strengthening Parliament’s Powers of Scrutiny? An assessment of the introduction of Public Bill Committees

Jessica Levy (July 2009)


Parliament’s Watchdogs: At The Crossroads

Oonagh Gay & Barry K Winetrobe (eds.), in association with the UK Study of Parliament Group (December 2008)


Church and State Some Reflections on Church Establishment in England

R.M. Morris (ed.) (March 2008)


The House Rules? International lessons for enhancing the autonomy of the House of Commons

Meg Russell and Akash Paun (October 2007)


Towards a New Constitutional Settlement: An Agenda for Gordon Brown's First 100 Days and Beyond

Robert Hazell with Mark Glover, Akash Paun and Meg Russell (June 2007)


The House of Lords in 2006: Negotiating a Stronger Second Chamber

Meg Russell and Maria Sciara (January 2007)


Old wine in New Bottles? Wales-Whitehall Relations after The Government Of Wales Act 2006

by Alan Trench (January 2007)


Tomorrow’s Government Lecture, RSA

by Lord Wilson of Dinton (December 2006)


Time for a new Convention: Parliamentary Scrutiny of Constitutional Bills 1997-2005

Robert Hazell (May 2006)


Managing Parliament Better? A Business Committee for the House of Commons

Meg Russell and Akash Paun (eds.) (August 2006)


Freedom of Information: Balancing the Public Interest

Megan Carter and Andrew Bouris (May 2006)


Church and State: A Mapping Exercise

Frank Cranmer, John Lucas and Bob Morris (April 2006)


The House of Lords in 2005: A more Representative and Assertive Chamber

Meg Russell and Maria Sciara (February 2006)


The English Question

Robert Hazell (January 2006)


Wave upon Wave: the Continuing Dynamism of Constitutional Reform

Robert Hazell (January 2006)


Westminster and the English Question

Meg Russell and Guy Lodge (November 2005)


From Strategy to delivery: the future development of the Greater London Authority

Mark Sandford (November 2005)


The Local Work of Scottish MP's and MSPs: Effects of Non-coterminous Boundaries and AMS

Jonathan Bradbury and Meg Russell (May 2005)


Better Governance for Wales: An Analysis of the White Paper on Devolution for Wales

Alan Trench (August 2005)


Regional Leadership in Public Health: Fragmented London and the London Health Commission

Scott Greer and Mark Sandford (September 2005)


Access to Personal Information—A Handbook for Officials

John Woulds, Graham Sutton and Sarah Holsen (March 2005)


Effective Scrutiny: tools and intended outcomes

Mark Sandford (February 2005)


Reforming the House of Lords: Breaking the Deadlock

Paul Tyler MP et al. (February 2005)


A Practical Guide to the Data Protection Act

John Woulds (December 2004)


The Scrutiny Role of Regional Assemblies

Mark Sandford (December 2004)


The Development of scrutiny in the UK: an overview of procedures and practices

Mark Sandford and Lucinda Maer (February 2004)


Freedom of Information and Procurement Procuremnt: A Practical Guide for Public Authorities

Jim Amos and Prof Maeve McDonagh (November 2004)


A Practical Guide to the Freedom of Information Act 2000

Jim Amos and Sarah Holsen (October 2004)


Commentary on the Draft Regional Assemblies Bill

Mark Sandford (August 2004)


Issues of Importance: the scrutiny role of the London Assembly

Mark Sandford and Lucinda Maer (June 2004)


Is Britain Facing a Crisis of Democracy?

Catherine Bromley, John Curtice and Ben Seyd (June 2004)


Select Committees under Scrutiny

Mark Sandford & Lucinda Maer (June 2004)


Coalition Government in Scotland and Wales

Ben Seyd (March 2004)


Changed Voting Changed Politics: Lessons of Britain's Experience of PR since 1997

Independent Commission on PR (March 2004)


Changing for Good - Devolution: The Silent Revolution

Rt Hon Peter Hain MP (March 2004)


Old Habits Die Hard? Overview and Scrutiny in English local authorities

Mark Sandford and Lucinda Maer (January 2004)


Four Way Bet: How devolution has led to four different models for the NHS

Scott Greer (February 2004)


Next Steps in Lords Reform: Response to the September 2003 White Paper

Meg Russell and Robert Hazell (November 2003)


Scrutiny under Devolution

Mark Sandford and Lucinda Maer (November 2003)


Parliamentary Audit Scrutiny: Innovative and effective?

Oonagh Gay and Barry K Winetrobe (April 2003)


Regulating the Behaviour of Ministers, Civil Servants and Special Advisers

Simon King


Intergovernmental Relations in Canada: Lessons for the UK

Alan Trench (October 2003)


Officers of Parliament—Transforming the role

Oonagh Gay and Barry K Winetrobe (April 2003)


Fixing London

Scott Greer and Mark Sandford (February 2003)


Achievements of the Scottish Parliament, State of the Nations Annual Lecture

Sir David Steel MSP (February 2003)


Balancing the Public Interest: Applying the public interest test to exemptions in the UK Freedom of Information Act 2000

Meredith Cook (August 2003)


Inclusiveness of Regional Chambers

Mark Sandford (October 2002)


Survey of Data Protection Officers

Meredith Cook (September 2002)


The Cornish Question—Devolution to the South-West

Mark Sandford (September 2002)


Access to Personal Information-A handbook for officials

John Woulds (July 2002)


A Comment on the Government’s Regional Government White Paper

Mark Sandford (June 2002)


The Regulation of Parliamentary Standards—A Comparative Perspective

Oonagh Gay (May 2002)


A New Supreme Court for the United Kingdom, Constitution Unit Annual Lecture

Lord Bingham of Cornhill (May 2002)


Women’s Political Participation in the UK

Meg Russell, Joni Lovenduski and Mary-Ann Stephenson (May 2002)


Whitehall and the Human Rights Act 1998: The First Year

Jeremy Croft (March 2002)


Has Constitutional Reform ‘Reconnected’ Voters with their Government?

Ben Seyd (February 2002)


Commentary on the White Paper: The House of Lords—Completing the Reform

Robert Hazell (January 2002)


A Modern Parliament in a Modern Democracy, State of the Union Annual Lecture

Rt Hon Robin Cook MP (December 2001)


Coalition Government in Britain: Lessons from Overseas

Ben Seyd (January 2002)


Further Steps for Regional Chambers

Mark Sandford (December 2001)


Realising the Vision: a Parliament with a Purpose. An audit of the first year of the Scottish Parliament

Barry K Winetrobe (October 2001)


Regional Government and Public Health

Scott Greer and Mark Sandford (November 2001)


The Women's Representation Bill: Making it Happen

Meg Russell (July 2001)


The Human Rights Act 1998 and Access to NHS Treatment and Services: A Practical Guide

Elizabeth Haggett (July 2001)


Unexplored Territory: Elected Regional Assemblies in England

Mark Sandford and Paul McQuail (July 2001)


The Future of the United Kingdom’s Highest Courts

Andrew le Sueur and Richard Cornes (July 2001)


The Functions of Intergovernmental Agreements: Post-Devolution Concordats in a Comparative Perspective

Johanne Poirier (June 2001)


A Democratic Design? The political style of the Northern Ireland Assembly

Rick Wilford and Robin Wilson (May 2001)


What we already know: Lessons on Voting Reform from Britain’s first PR Elections

Philip Cowley, John Curtice, Stephen Lochone and Ben Seyd (May 2001)


What is the Future for the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council?

Andrew le Sueur (May 2001)


A Practical Guide to the Freedom of Information Act 2000

Jim Amos, Dick Baxter, Jeremy Croft and Robert Hazell (March 2001)


Unfinished Business: Implementing Labour’s Constitutional Reform Agenda for the Second Term

Robert Hazell (May 2001)


Three into One Won’t Go: the Future of the Territorial Secretaries of State

Robert Hazell (March 2001)


Scotland’s Place in Europe

Jo Murkens (February 2001)


The Commons: Reform or Modernisation

Andrew Kennon (January 2001)


An Unstable Union: Devolution and the English Question

Robert Hazell (December 2000)


Managing Conflicts after Devolution: A Toolkit for Civil Servants

Lucy Hunter (December 2000)


Regional Government in France and Spain

Andy Smith and Paul Haywood (August 2000)


Parliamentary Scrutiny of Draft Legislation 1997-1999

Greg Power (August 2000)


Wakeham in the Long Grass: Can The Lords Guard Democracy?

Lord Alexander of Weedon (June 2000)


Whitehall and the Human Rights Act 1998

Jeremy Croft (October 2000)


Women’s Representation in UK Politics: What can be done within the Law?

Meg Russell (June 2000)


What do the Top Courts Do?

Andrew le Sueur and Richard Cornes (June 2000)


The Future of the House of Lords: Conference Papers

Various authors (April 2000)


Wise After the Event? Attitudes to Voting Reform Following the 1999 Scottish and Welsh Elections

John Curtice, Ben Seyd, Alison Park and Katarina Thomson (March 2000)


A Guide for Business to the FOI Act 2000 (update)

Jim Amos and Gordon Innes (March 2000)


Commentary on the Wakeham Report on Reform of the House of Lords

Meg Russell and Robert Hazell (February 2000)


Devolution and Health: First Annual Report

Paul Jervis and William Plowden (eds.) (February 2000)


Rights and Responsibilities in the New Democracy

Rt Hon Jack Straw MP (October 1999)


The House of Lords: In Defence of Human Rights

Aisling Reidy (October 1999)


Issues Around Scottish Independence

David Sinclair (September 1999)


Representing the Nations & Regions in a New Upper House

Meg Russell (June 1999)


A Human Rights Committee for Westminster

Aisling Reidy (June 1999)


Commentary on the Draft Freedom of Information Bill

Robert Hazell (June 1999)


Freedom of Information and Business

Jim Amos (June 1999)


Populism or Pluralism? New Labour and the Consititution

Professor David Marquand (May 1999)


A Transitional House of Lords: the Numbers

Ben Seyd (June 1999)


Second Chambers as Constitutional Guardians and Protectors of Human Rights

Meg Russell and Aisling Reidy (June 1999)


Second Chambers: Resolving Deadlock

Meg Russell (May 1999)


Reforming the Lords: the Role of the Law Lords

Richard Cornes (May 1999)


Reforming the Lords: the Role of the Bishops

Janet Lewis-Jones (May 1999)


Second Chambers Overseas: Lessons from Italy and Australia

Meg Russell (May 1999)


A Directly Elected Upper House?

Meg Russell (May 1999)


The Constitutionalisation of Public Law

Lord Steyn (May 1999)


The Impact of the Human Rights Act: Lessons from Canada and New Zealand

Aisling Reidy (May 1999)


A Vocational Upper House? Lessons from Ireland

Meg Russell (February 1999)


Government's Programme of Constitutional Reform

Lord Irvine of Lairg (May 1999)


'Democracy Day' Planning for the Referendums on PR and Lords reform

Ben Seyd (March 1999)


Re-inventing the Constitution: Can the State Survive?

Robert Hazell (November 1998)


A Panacea for Local Government? The Role of PR

David Sinclair (November 1998)


New Electoral Systems: What Voters Need to Know

Clarissa White, Alan Hedges and Ben Seyd (March 1998)


Quinquennial Review of the Local Government Commission

Robert Hazell (March 1998)


An Appointed Upper House: Lessons from Canada

Meg Russell (November 1998)


The British-Irish Council: Nordic Lessons for the Council of the Isles

Mads Qvortrup and Robert Hazell (October 1998)


Single Chamber Parliaments: A Comparative Study 2

Richard Cornes (September 1998)


Multi-Layer Democracy in Germany: Insights for Scottish Devolution

Dr Charlie Jeffery (July 1998)


The British-Irish Agreement: Power-Sharing Plus

Brendan O'Leary (June 1998)


Checks and Balances in Single Chamber Parliaments: A Comparative Study 1

Richard Cornes (February 1998)


Electoral Reform in New Zealand: Lessons for the UK

Ben Seyd (August 1998)


Devolution and Health: Final Report

Robert Hazell and Paul Jervis (June 1998)


Elections Under Regional Lists: a guide to the new system for electing MPs

Ben Seyd (January 1998)


Commentary on the Freedom of Information White Paper

Robert Hazell (January 1998)


Rebalancing the Lords: The Numbers

Ben Seyd (January 1998)


Reforming the Lords: A step by step guide

Robert Hazell and Ben Seyd (January 1998)


Rights Brought Home: A Briefing on the Human Rights Bill with amendments

Francesa Klug with Rabinder Singh and Murray Hunt (November 1997)


Commentary on the Welsh White Paper

Robert Hazell (September 1997)


Constitutional Reform and the New Labour Government

Robert Hazell (July 1997)


Delivering Constitutional Reform: The Collected Briefings

Robert Hazell (July 1997)

Changing the Electoral System
(March 1997)
Establishing an Electoral Commission
(March 1997)
10 Constitutional Watchdogs
(March 1997)

Introducing Freedom of Information

Robert Hazell (January 1997)

8 Devolution in the Round
(June 1996)

Report of the Commission on the Conduct of Referendums

Various members (November 1996)


Human Rights Legislation

Nicole Smith (November 1996)


Regional Government in England

Paul McQuail (June 1996)


An Assembly for Wales

Robert Hazell (June 1996)


Scotland's Parliament: Fundamentals for a New Scotland Act

Graham Leicester (June 1996)


Reform of the House of Lords

Nicole Smith (April 1996)


Delivering Constitutional Reform

Nicole Smith and Katy Donnelly (April 1996)


Magna Carta and its Modern Legacy

Edited by Robert Hazell & James Meltion (CUP, April 2015)

Magna Carta is celebrated around the world as a symbol of limited government and constitutionalism. But in 1215 Magna Carta was a failure, abrogated within months. Why then do we celebrate this piece of parchment? To mark the 800th anniversary this book brings together top scholars from the UK, US and Australia to answer this question and analyse Magna Carta's historic and contemporary influence. Using a political science framework, Magna Carta and its Modern Legacy draws from scholarship on influence and constitutional design to explain how parchment can contain executive power. Individual chapters on Britain discuss such topics as socioeconomic rights in Magna Carta; Magna Carta and the British constitution; and public understanding of the charter. Internationally focused chapters look at Magna Carta and jury trial in America, slavery in the Caribbean, court delays in the Pacific, the proportionality principle, and judicial supremacy.


The Politics of Judicial Independence in the UK's Changing Constitution

Graham Gee, Robert Hazell, Kate Malleson and Patrick O'Brien (CUP, March 2015)

Judicial independence is generally understood as requiring that judges must be insulated from political life. The central claim of this work is that far from standing apart from the political realm, judicial independence is a product of it. It is defined and protected through interactions between judges and politicians. In short, judicial independence is a political achievement. This is the main conclusion of a three-year research project on the major changes introduced by the Constitutional Reform Act 2005, and the consequences for judicial independence and accountability. The authors interviewed over 150 judges, politicians, civil servants and practitioners to understand the day-to-day processes of negotiation and interaction between politicians and judges. They conclude that the greatest threat to judicial independence in future may lie not from politicians actively seeking to undermine the courts, but rather from their increasing disengagement from the justice system and the judiciary.


The Political Costs of the 2009 British MPs’ Expenses Scandal

Edited by Jennifer Hudson (Palgrave, October 2014)

In May 2009, the Daily Telegraph began publishing un-redacted expenses claims made by British MPs showing how, and the extent to which, some MPs took advantage of an unregulated expenses system. This study examines the evolution and political consequences of this 2009 British MPs' expenses scandal and argues that despite claims at the time of a revolution in British politics, it in fact had a limited, short-term impact. Beginning with the efforts of journalist Heather Brooke and the role of the Freedom of Information Act in exposing the scandal, the book examines the scandal's electoral impact and how it affected public perceptions of wrong-doing and probity amongst politicians. It also notes the many opportunities MPs had to reform parliamentary expenses, and gives special consideration is given to the media's role in reporting the scandal but also to the role of Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority in reforming expenses.

SPADs Book Cover

Special Advisers: Who they are, what they do and why they matter

Ben Yong and Robert Hazell (Hart, August 2014)

This book is the most detailed study yet carried out of special advisers. The Constitution Unit's research team, led by Dr Ben Yong and Professor Robert Hazell, assembled a comprehensive database of over 600 special advisers since 1979. They conducted written surveys, and interviewed over 100 special advisers, ministers and officials from the past thirty years. They conclude that special advisers are now a permanent and indispensable part of Whitehall, but are still treated as transient and temporary. The book concludes with practical recommendations for increasing the effectiveness of special advisers through improvements to their recruitment, induction and training, support and supervision, and strengthening their accountability

See the project website »

Lords book cover - small

The Contemporary House of Lords: Westminster Bicameralism Revived

Meg Russell (OUP, July 2013)

This book provides the first detailed portrait of the post-1999 Lords, explaining who sits in the chamber, how it operates, and crucially what policy impact it has. Its membership is shown to be more diverse and modern than many would assume, and its influence on policy to be substantial.

See the project website »

The Politics of Coalition

The Politics of Coalition How the Conservative-Lib Dem Government Works

Robert Hazell and Ben Yong (Hart, 2012)

The Politics of Coalition tells how the Coalition has fared in the different arenas of the British political system: at the Centre; within the Departments; in Parliament; in the parties outside Parliament, and in the media. It will be of interest to politicians, policy makers, academics, students and anyone interested in how the UK coalition works in practice and not just in theory.

See the project website »

Doing Politics by Tony Wright

Doing Politics
Tony Wright (Biteback, May 2012)

As a Member of Parliament for nearly two decades he represented the voice of sanity and reason in the House of Commons. As Chair of the influential Public Administration Committee – according to Anthony King, one of those rare committee chairmen who ‘have become public figures in their own right’ – he kept up a running commentary on the conduct of government. He was the politician who forewarned of the parliamentary expenses scandal and who took the initiative in getting the House of Commons to reform.

Does FOI Work?

Does FOI Work? The Impact of the Freedom of Information Act on Central Government in the UK

Robert Hazell, Ben Worthy and Mark Glover (Palgrave, August 2010)

This book is the first systematic evaluation of FOI anywhere in the world. It evaluates the performance of the Act against its objectives, and its impact on Whitehall. The book draws upon evidence from interviews with officials, plus FOI requesters and journalists as well as stories in the national press. Each chapter draws on case studies to make particular points and bring the study to life. It also compares developments in the UK to those in Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Ireland.

See the full project page »

The Endurance of National Constitutions

The Endurance of National Constitutions

Elkins, Zachary, Tom Ginsburg, and James Melton. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, October 2009)
Constitutions are supposed to provide an enduring structure for politics. Yet only half live more than nineteen years. Why is it that some constitutions endure while others do not? In The Endurance of National Constitutions, Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg, and James Melton examine the causes of constitutional endurance from an institutional perspective. Supported by an original set of cross-national historical data, theirs is the first comprehensive study of constitutional mortality. They show that whereas constitutions are imperiled by social and political crises, certain aspects of a constitution’s design can lower the risk of death substantially. Thus, to the extent that endurance is desirable – a question that the authors also subject to scrutiny – the decisions of founders take on added importance.

See the full project page »

Church and State in the 21st Century

Church and State in 21st Century Britain: The Future of Church Establishment

Edited by R.M. Morris (Palgrave, March 2009)

This book argues that, in an increasingly pluralized society, the gap between form and reality has become unacceptably stretched. Disregarding facile arguments about disestablishment, the book analyses the present position afresh and examines what are the options for change, including to the religious character of the monarchy.

See the full project page »

State of the Nations 2008

State of the Nations 2008

Edited by Alan Trench (Imprint, September 2008)

2007 saw dramatic changes in the UK's devolved politics, with the arrival in office of nationalist parties in Scotland and Wales and the restoration of devolved government in Northern Ireland, as well as a change of prime minister in London. The State of the Nations 2008 considers why these changes happened and charts the impact they have had across teh United Kingdom. It also looks at some broader underlying issues - in particular the financial arrangements for devolution, influences on devolved policy-making, the role of Scottish and Welsh MPs at Westminster and intergovernmental relations in a comparative context.

See the full project page »

Constitutional Futures Revisited

Constitutional Futures Revisited: Britain's Constitution to 2020

Edited by Robert Hazell (Palgrave, December 2008)

In this book, leading political scientists and lawyers forecast the impact of these changes on the UK's key institutions and the constitution as a whole. It is an indispensable guide for policy makers, lawyers and judges, the media, academics, students, and anyone interested in the future of the UK's political landscape.

See the full project page »

Devoution and Power

Devolution and Power in the UK

Edited by Alan Trench (MUP, July 2007)

Devolution and power in the United Kingdom is concerned with a paradox – why devolution has enabled different approaches to government and policy-making to develop in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland since 1999, while a close examination of the structure of devolution suggests that the UK government retains control over most key aspects of the UK.

The English Question

The English Question
Edited by Robert Hazell (MUP, March 2006)

England remains a gaping hole in the devolution settlement. Devolution will not be complete, and the settlement may not be stable, until the English Question has been solved. Does England need to find its own political voice, following devolution to Scotland and Wales? Do the English want an English parliament; regional assemblies in England; or 'English votes on English laws'?  Or are the English content to muddle through, with no separate representation or political voice?

See the full project page »

The Dynamics of Devolution

The Dynamics of Devolution: The State of the Nations 2005

Edited by Alan Trench (Imprint, May 2005)

Devolution is a dynamic process.The institutional changes of the late 1990s, and the politcial and social pressures that lay behind them, have acquired a momentum of their own. The relationship between these two sets of forces, and how that develops over the next ten to twenty years, is the most interesting question about devolution. This book explores the future of devolution, by examining the new politicl dynamics devolution has put into play.

See the full project page »

Devolution, Law Making and the Constitution

Devolution, Law Making and the Constitution

Edited by Robert Hazell & Richard Rawlings (Imprint, April 2005)

This book is essential reading for academics and students in law and in politics, and for anyone interested in the constitutional and legal aspects of UK devolution.

Building New Labour

Building New Labour: The Politics of Party Organisation
Meg Russell (Palgrave, March 2005)

'New' Labour was defined in part by wide-ranging reforms to the party's internal democracy. These included changes to how candidates and leaders are selected, changes to policy making processes, and a programme of 'quotas' that transformed women's representation in the party.

State of the Nations 2004

Has Devolution made a Difference? State of the Nations 2004

Edited by Alan Trench (Imprint, January 2004)

This book provides the first comprehensive and dispassionate stock-take of the effect of devolution during the first term of the Scottish Parliament and National Assembly for Wales. Part 1 covers the territories of the UK—Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the English regions. Part 2 looks at its impact on the centre Westminster, Whitehall and public opinion. Part 3 looks at developments in two key areas of public policy. The book as a whole assesses not just how parts of the UK have been affected by devolution, but also its effect on the UK as a whole.

See the full project page »

State of the Nations 2003

State of the Nations 2003: The Third Year of Devolution in the UK

Edited by Robert Hazell (Imprint, January 2003)

This book covers developments in the third year of devolution in the UK, and looks ahead to the devolved assembly elections in May 2003.

Part 1 reports on the latest developments in Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the English regions, while Part 2 analyses the impact of devolution in Westminster and Whitehall. Part 3 looks at the growing divergence in public policy resulting from devolution, and Part 4 looks ahead to the 2003 elections.

See the full project page »

Scottish Independence

Scottish Independence

Jo E Murkens (Edinburgh University Press, 2002)

This book provides the first comprehensive and dispassionate stock-take of the effect of devolution during the first term of the Scottish Parliament and National Assembly for Wales. Part 1 covers the territories of the UK—Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the English regions. Part 2 looks at its impact on the centre Westminster, Whitehall and public opinion. Part 3 looks at developments in two key areas of public policy. The book as a whole assesses not just how parts of the UK have been affected by devolution, but also its effect on the UK as a whole.

State of the Nations 2001

The State of the Nations 2001: The Second Year of Devolution in the United Kingdom

Edited by Alan Trench (Imprint, December 2001)

As a volume of record this book is an essential up-to-date text for courses in constitutional law or the UK political system. The book is written by the leading experts in the field, but in a highly accessible and readable style. It contains a mine of information not published elsewhere on the dynamics of devolution. This is a unique contemporary record describing all the main developments during the second year of devolution.

See the full project page »

Reforming the House of Lords: Lessons from Overseas

Reforming the House of Lords, Lessons from Overseas

Meg Russell (OUP, January 2000)

Meg Russell provides an overdue and authorative correction in showing the lessons to be learnt from second chambers overseas in the balanced, analytical and highly readable manner that the Constitution Unit has made its trademark. (Roger Scully, Representation)

Constitutional Futures

Constitutional Futures: A History of the Next Ten Years

Edited by Robert Hazell (OUP, February 1999)

This book sets out to forecast what the UK’s constitution will look like in ten years’ time. Starting with the 11 constitutional Bills passed in 1997-98, the book analyses how these will affect the UK’s constitutional structure, and examines in detail the further reforms that will be required to ensure that the new constitutional settlement beds down.


  • Worthy, Ben and Bourke Gabrielle (Forthcoming) ‘Transparency and Tension: Universities and Freedom of Information in the UK’
  • Russell, M. Gover, D, Wollter, K & Benton, M ‘Actors, Motivations and Outcomes in the Legislative Process: Policy Influence at Westminster’ Government and Opposition


  • Russell, M. Gover, D & Wollter, K ‘Does the executive dominate the Westminster legislative process?: Six reasons for doubt’ Parliamentary Affairs [Online]
  • Hazell, R & Sandford, M (2015) 'English Question or Union Question? Neither
    has Easy Answers' Political Quarterly [Online]
  • Russell, M & Cowley, P (2015) 'The Policy Power of the Westminster Parliament: the 'parliamentary state' and the empirical evidence' Governance [Online]
  • Gover, D. & Russell, M. (2015) 'The House of Commons' "Financial Privilege" on Lords Amendments: Perceived Problems and Possible Solutions', Public Law. 2015(1): 12-22. [Online] [Note: This material was first published by Thomson Reuters Professional (UK) Limited, and is reproduced by agreement with the publishers.]


  • Russell, M. (2014). The British House of Lords. In Okada, N. (ed.), Comparative Study on Bicameralism: The UK, France, Germany, Italy, and Japan. Tokyo: Nippon-Hyoronsha.
  • Melton, J.  (2014) "The Content of Authoritarian Constitutions." In Constitutions in Authoritarian Regimes. Eds. Tom Ginsburg and Alberto Simpser. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 141-164. (with Elkins, Z. Ginsburg, T.)
  • Russell, M. (2014) 'Parliamentary Party Cohesion: Some Explanations From Psychology' Party Politics. 20(5): 712-723. [Online]
  • Melton, James "Does De Jure Judicial Independence Really Matter? A Reevaluation of Explanations for Judicial Independence." 2014. Journal of Law and Courts. (with Tom Ginsburg) [Online]
  • Melton, J. Elkins, Z. Ginsburg, T. Shaffer, R. Sequeda, JF. Miranker, D. (2014) "Constitute: The World's Constitutions to Read, Search, and Compare." . Journal of Web Semantics. Forthcoming. [Online]


  • Goplerud, M (2013) 'The First Time is (Mostly) the Charm: Special Advisers as Parliamentary Candidates and Members of Parliament' Parliamentary Affairs [Online]
  • Worthy, B & Hazell, R ‘The Impact of the Freedom of Information Act in the UK.’ Ed. Bowles, N et al. Transparency in Politics and the Media. (University of Oxford, 2013)
  • Yong, B (2013) 'Risk Management: Government Lawyers and the Provision of Legal Advice within Whitehall' The Constitution Society [Online]
  • Russell, M (2013) 'Rethinking Bicameral Strength: A Three-Dimensional Approach' Journal of Legislative Studies. 19(3): 370-391. [Online]
  • Benton, M and Russell, M (2013) 'Assessing the Impact of Parliamentary Oversight Committees: The Select Committees in the British House of Commons' Parliamentary Affairs. 66(4): 772-797. [Online]
  • Melton, James, Zachary Elkins, and Tom Ginsburg (2013) “On the Interpretability of Law: Lessons from the Decoding of National Constitutions.” British Journal of Political Science. 43(2): 399-423. [Online]
  • R Hazell, ‘Coalition government: Lessons for the future’ Politics Review 22(4) 2013


  • Elkins, Zachary, Tom Ginsburg, and James Melton (2012) “Comments on Law and Versteeg, The Declining Influence of the U.S. Constitution.” NYU Law Review. 87.6: 2088-2101. [Online]
  • Hazell, R ‘Would Holyrood pay for independence in Euros?’ The World Today 68(11) [Online]
  • Worthy, Ben, Hazell, Robert and Bourke, Gabrielle (2012) ‘Open House: Freedom of Information and its Impact on the UK Parliament’. Public Administration [Constitution Unit, 2012] [Online
  • Yong, B. and O'Brien, P. (2012). 'Constitutional Systems of the World: Problems of Perspective in Comparative Constitutionalism'. Political Studies Review 10(3) [Online]
  • Hazell, R., Chalmers, M. and Russell, M. (2012). 'Pre-Appointment Scrutiny Hearings in the British House of Commons: All Bark, or some Bite?' Journal of Legislative Studies, 18 (2) 224-241 [Online]
  • Russell, M. (2012). 'Elected Second Chambers and their Powers: An International Survey' Political Quarterly 83(1), 117-129 [Online]


  • Ginsburg, Tom, James Melton, and Zachary Elkins. 2011. “On the Evasion of Executive Term Limits.” William & Mary Law Review. 52.6: 1807-1872. [Online]
  • Russell, M. (2011). 'The Constitution' in Heffernan, R., Cowley, P., Hay, C. (eds.). Developments in British Politics 9. Basingstoke. Palgrave MacMillan. ISBN: 978-0230221734
  • O’Brien, P. (2011) 'Judicial Independence and the UK Supreme Court'. British Politics Review 6(3), 5 [Online]
  • Russell, M. (2011). '“Never allow a crisis to go to waste”: The Wright committee reforms to strengthen the House of Commons'. Parliamentary Affairs 64 (4), 612-633 [Online]


  • Russell, M. (2010) A Stronger Second Chamber? Assessing the Impact of House of Lords Reform in 1999, and the Lessons for Bicameralism. Political Studies 58, 866-885 [Online]
  • Worthy, B. (2010) More Open But not More Trusted? The Effect of the Freedom of Information Act 2000 on the United Kingdom Central Government. Governance 23 (4), 561-582 [Online]
  • Hazell, R. and Worthy, B. (2010) Assessing the Performance of Freedom of Information. Government Information Quarterly 27 (4), 352-359 [Online]
  • Russell, M. (2010). The Left, Democracy and the Constitution. Chapter 10 in Purnell, J., Cooke, G. (ed.). We Mean Power: Ideas for the Future of the Left. London: Demos, 165-182. ISBN: 978 1 906693 33 6 [Online]
  • Hazell, R. (2010). Hung Parliaments and the Challenges for Westminster and Whitehall: How to make minority and multi-party governance work Political Quarterly, 81, 2, April 2010 [Online]
  • Russell, M., Benton, M. (2010) (Re)assessing Parliamentary Policy Impact: The Case of the Australian Senate. The Australian Journal of Political Science 45 (2), 159-174 [Online]


  • Russell, M. (2009). House of Lords Reform: Are We Nearly There Yet? Political Quarterly 80(1), 119-125. ISSN: 0032-3179 [Online]
  • Russell, M. (2009). How Do We Do Politics Differently? Political Quarterly 80(4), 575-577. ISSN: 0032-3179 [Online]
  • Russell, M., Paun, A. (2009). The Politicians' Response to Devolution. in Curtice, J., Seyd, B. (ed.). Has Devolution Worked? The Verdict from Policymakers and the Public. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 68-90. ISBN: 9780719075599
  • Russell, M., Sciara, M. (2009). Independent parliamentarians en masse: the changing nature and role of the 'Crossbenchers' in the House of Lords. Parliamentary Affairs 62(1), 32-52. ISSN: 0031-2290 [Online]
  • Russell, M. (2007). The House of Lords: Adaptation and Resilience. in Luther, J., Passaglia, P., Tarchi, R. (ed.) A World of Second Chambers. Milan: Giuffre. ISBN: 8814132607
  • Russell, M., Sciara, M. (2007). The House of Lords: Negotiating a Stronger Second Chamber. in Rush, M., Giddings, P. (ed.) The Palgrave Review of British Politics 2006. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan


  • Elkins, Zachary, Tom Ginsburg, and James Melton (2008) “Baghdad, Tokyo, Kabul,…: Constitution Making in Occupied States.” William & Mary Law Review. 49: 1139-1178. [Online]
  • Russell, M., Sciara, M. (2008). The Policy Impact of Defeats in the House of Lords. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations 10(4), 571-589 [Online]
  • Russell, M. (2008). House of Lords Reform. in Oxford Companion to Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • Russell, M. (2008). Reform of the House of Lords and Lessons for Bicameralism. in Aroney, N., Prasser, S., Nethercote, J. (ed.) Restraining Elective Dictatorship: The Upper House Solution? Sydney: University of New South Wales Press
  • Russell, M. (2008). Parliament: Emasculated or Emancipated? in Hazell, R. (ed.). Constitutional Futures. Basingstoke. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN: 0230220746


  • Hazell, R., Russell, M. Seyd, B and Sinclair, D. (2007) Britishness and the Future of the Union Political Quarterly, 78, 1 (supp.). [Online]
  • McDonald, A. and Hazell, R. (2007) ‘What happened next: constitutional change under New Labour’ in McDonald A. (ed), Reinventing Britain: Constitutional Change under New Labour. Politico’s, ISBN 9781842752081.
  • Russell, M., Bradbury, J. (2007). The Constituency work of Scottish and Welsh MPs: Adjusting to Devolution. Regional and Federal Studies 17(1), 97-116. ISSN: 1357-2334 [Online]
  • Russell, M., Sciara, M. (2007). Why does the Government get defeated in the House of Lords?: The Lords, the Party System and British Politics. British Politics 2(3), 299-322. ISSN: 1746-918X [Online]
  • Hazell, R. (2007). Westminster as a Three in One legislature The Journal of Legislative Studies, 13(2), June 2007 [Online]
  • Hazell, R. (2007). Out of Court. Why have the courts played no role in resolving disputes in the United Kingdom? Publius, 37 (4), 578 - 598 [Online]
  • Hazell, R. (2007). “The Continuing Dynamism of Constitutional Reform” Parliamentary Affairs 60(1), pp. 3-25. ISSN: 0031-2290 [Online]
  • Holsen, S., MacDonald, C. and Glover, M. 'Journalists' use of the UK Freedom of Information Act', in Open Government Journal , Vol. 3, No. 1 (2007) [Online]


  • Hazell, R. (2006). “What are the answers to the English Question?” in Hazell, R. (ed.) The English Question. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
  • Hazell, R. (2006). “What is the English Question?” in Hazell, R. (ed.) The English Question. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
  • Russell, M., Lodge, G. (2006). The Government of England by Westminster. in Hazell, R. (ed.) The English Question. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 64-95. ISBN: 0719073693
  • Russell, M., Sciara, M. (2006). The House of Lords in 2005: A More Representative and More Assertive Chamber? in Rush, M., Giddings, M. (ed.) The Palgrave Review of British Politics. Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan
  • Hazell, R. (2006). “The English Question” Publius 36(1), pp. 37-56. ISSN: 0048-5950 . Link [Online]
  • Hazell, R. (2006). “Time for a new Convention: Parliamentary Scrutiny of Constitutional Bills 1997-2005 ” Public Law, Summer 2006, pp. 247-298. ISSN: 0033-3565 .


  • Hazell, R. (2005). “Devolution as a legislative Partnership” in Hazell, R. and Rawlings, R. (eds.) Devolution, Law Making and the Constitution, pp. 295-318. ISBN 1 845400372. Exeter: Imprint Academic.
  • Hazell, R. (2005). “ Westminster as a Three in One Legislature for the UK and its Devolved Territories”. in Hazell, R. and Rawlings, R. (eds.) Devolution, Law Making and the Constitution, pp. 226-251. ISBN 1 845400372. Exeter: Imprint Academic.
  • Hazell, R. and Winetrobe, B. (2005). “What has the Scottish Parliament Achieved, and What can it Teach Westminster?” in Miller, W. (ed.) Anglo-Scottish Relations from 1900 to Devolution and Beyond . Oxford: Oxford Univeristy Press, pp. 63-80. ISBN: 0197263313.
  • Russell, M. (2005). The House of Lords and Reform: A View from the Outside. in Baldwin, N. (ed.) Parliament in the 21st Century. London. Politico's. ISBN: 1842751034


  • Hazell, R. (2004). “The Unfinished Business of Devolution” in Trench, A. (ed.) Has Devolution Made a Difference? The State of the Nations 2004. Exeter: Imprint Academic, pp. 255-276. ISBN: 0907845878
  • Maer, L., Hazell, R., King, S., Russell, M., Trench, A., Sandford, M. (2004). Dragging the Constitution out of the Shadows. Parliamentary Affairs 57(2), 253-268. ISSN: 0031-2290 [Online]
  • Russell, M., Lodge, G., Gay, O. (2004). The Impact of Devolution on Westminster: If not now, when? in Trench, A. (ed.) What Difference has Devolution Made?: The State of the Nations 2004. Imprint Academic. ISBN: 097845878
  • Hazell, R. (2004). “Who is the guardian of legal values in the legislative process: Parliament or the Executive?” Public Law, pp. 495-500. ISSN: 0033-3565


  • Hazell, R. (2003). “The Dynamism of Devolution in its Third Year”. In Hazell, R. (ed.) State of the Nations 2003, pp. 1-12.
  • Hazell, R. (2003). “The UK's Rolling program of Devolution: Slippery Slope, or Safeguard of the Union?” in Docherty, D., Seidle, L. (eds) Reforming Parliamentary Democracy. McGill: Queens University Press, pp.180-201. ISBN: 0773525076
  • Hazell, R. (2003). “If Ivor Richard Says Yes, will London Still Say No?” in Osmond, J. (ed.) Second Term Challenge: Can the Welsh Assembly Government hold its Course?. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs, pp. 97-107. ISBN: 1871726166
  • Hazell, R. (2003). “Multi-level governance” , in Osmond, J., Jones, J.B. (eds) Birth of Welsh democracy: the first term of the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff: Institute of Welsh Affairs, pp. 3-15. ISBN: 1871726948.
  • McLean, I., Spirling, A., Russell, M. (2003). None of the Above: The UK House of Commons votes on reforming the House of Lords. Political Quarterly 74(3), 298-310. ISSN: 0032-3179 [Online]
  • Russell, M. (2003). Is the House of Lords already Reformed? Political Quarterly 74(3), 311-318. ISSN: 0032-3179 [Online]
  • Russell, M.,O'Cinneide, C. (2003). Positive Action to Promote Women in Politics: Some European Comparisons. International and Comparative Law Quarterly 52(3), 587-614. ISSN: 0020-5893 [Online]
  • Russell, M. (2003). Women in Elected Office in the UK 1992-2002: Struggles, Achievements and Possible Sea Change. in Dobrowolsky, A., Hart, V. (ed.). Women, Politics and Constitutional Change. Basingstoke. Palgrave MacMillan. ISBN: 1403903611
  • Hazell, R. (2003). “Merger, What Merger? Scotland, Wales and the New Department for Constitutional Affairs” Public Law,Winter, pp. 650-655. ISSN: 0033-3565
  • Hazell, R. (2001). ‘The English Question: Can Westminster be a Proxy for an English Parliament?’ Public Law, 2001, pp. 268-280. ISSN: 0033-3565


  • Hazell, R. (2002). “The Devolution Scorecard as the Devolved Assemblies head for the Polls” in Hazell, R. (ed.) The State of the Nations 2003, pp. 285-300.
  • Russell, M., Sandford, M. (2002). Why are Second Chambers so Difficult to Reform? Journal of Legislative Studies 8(3), 79-89. ISSN: 1357-2334 [Online]
  • Russell, M., Mackay, F., McAllister, L. (2002). Women's Representation in the Scottish Parliament and National Assembly for Wales: Party Dynamics for Achieving Critical Mass. Journal of Legislative Studies 8(2), 49-76. ISSN: 1357-2334 [Online]
  • Hazell, R., Sandford, M., Seyd, B., Masterman, R. (2002). “The Constitution: Coming in from the Cold”, Parliamentary Affairs 55(2), pp. 219-234. ISSN: 0031-2290 . Ingenta Link [Online]


  • Hazell, R. (2001). “Conclusion: The State of the Nations after two years of Devolution” in Trench, A. (ed.) The State of the Nations 2001: The Second Year of Devolution in the United Kingdom, Exeter: Imprint Academic, pp. 255-272. ISBN: 0907845193
  • Hazell, R., Masterman, R. (2001). “Devolution and Westminster” in Trench, A. (ed.) The State of the Nations 2001: The Second Year of Devolution in the United Kingdom, Exeter: Imprint Academic, pp. 197-224. ISBN: 0907845193
  • Hazell, R., Russell, M., Croft, J., Seyd, B., Masterman, R., Sandford, M. (2001). The Constitution: Rolling out the New Settlement. Parliamentary Affairs 54(2), ISSN: 0031-2290 [Online]
  • Russell, M. (2001). Responsibilities of Second Chambers: Constitutional and Human Rights Safeguards. Journal of Legislative Studies 7(1), 61-76. ISSN: 1357-2334 [Online]
  • Russell, M. (2001). The Territorial Role of Second Chambers. Journal of Legislative Studies 7(1), 105-118. ISSN: 1357-2334 [Online]
  • Russell, M. (2001). What are Second Chambers for? Parliamentary Affairs 54(3), 473-459. ISSN: 0031-2290 [Online]
  • Russell, M., Cornes, R. (2001). The Royal Commission on Reform of the House of Lords: A House for the Future? Modern Law Review 64(1), 82-99, ISSN: 0026-7961 [Online]
  • Russell, M. (2001). Upper House Reform in the UK and Australia. Australian Journal of Political Science 36(1), 27-44. ISSN: 1036-1146 [Online]
  • Russell, M. (2001). Responsibilities of Second Chambers: Constitutional and Human Rights Safeguards. in Baldwin, N., Shell, D. (ed.). Second Chambers. London: Frank Cass, 61-76. ISBN: 0714651443
  • Russell, M. (2001). The Territorial Role of Second Chambers. in Baldwin, N., Shell, D. (ed.). Second Chambers. London: Frank Cass, 105-118. ISBN: 0714651443
  • Russell, M. (2001). Democracy. in Harvey, A. (ed.). Transforming Britain: Labour's Second Term. Fabian Society. ISBN: 0716305992
  • Hazell, R. (2001). “Reforming the Constitution” Political Quarterly 72 (1), pp. 39-49. ISSN: 0032-3179 . Ingenta Link [Online]
  • Hazell, R. (2001). “The Challenge for Regional Government” Northern Economic Review Spring/Summer 2001, pp. 72-75.
  • Hazell,R. (2001). “ Britain's Constitution catches up at the turn of the Century” The New Federalist (Australia), 72 (1), pp. 52-55. ISSN: 1440-642X


  • Hazell, R., Russell, M., Seyd, B., Sinclair, D. (2000). The British Constitution in 1998-99: the continuing revolution. Parliamentary Affairs 53(2), 242-261. ISSN: 0031-2290 [Online]
  • Russell, M., Hazell, R. (2000). Devolution and Westminster: Tentative Steps towards a More Federal Parliament. Chapter 7 in Hazell, R. (ed.). The State and the Nations: The First Year of Devolution in the UK. Exeter: Imprint Academic, 183-221. ISBN: 0907845800
  • Russell, M. (2000). A "More Democratic and Representative" Upper House? Some International Comparisons. Representation 37(2), 131-138
  • Hazell, R. (2000). “The Unfinished Business of Devolution” in Hassan, G. (ed.) The New Scottish Politics: the first year of the Parliament and Beyond. London: The Stationery Office, pp. 181-187. ISBN: 011497230X
  • Hazell, R. (2000). “Intergovernmental Relations in the UK: Whitehall Rules OK” in Hazell, R. (ed.) The State and the Nations: The First Year of Devolution in the United Kingdom, Exeter: Imprint Academic. ISBN: 0907845800. pp. 149-182.
  • Hazell, R., (2000). “Regional Government in England: Three Policies in Search of a Strategy” in Chen, S. and Wright, T. (ed.) The English Question, London: The Fabian Society, pp. 29-44. ISBN: 0716360020.
  • Russell, M. and Hazell, R. (2000). “Devolution and Westminster: Tentative Steps towards a More Federal Parliament” in Hazell,R. (ed.) The State and the Nations: The First Year of Devolution in the UK, Exeter: Imprint Academic. ISBN: 0907845800. pp. 183-221.
  • Hazell, R. and Sinclair, D. (2000). ‘The British Constitution: Labour’s Constitutional Revolution’ Annual Review of Political Science, 2000:3, ISSN 1094-2939, ISBN 0824333039, pp.379-400.


  • Hazell, R. (1999). “The New Constitutional Settlement” in Hazell, R. (ed.) Constitutional Futures: A History of the Next Ten Years, Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN: 0198298013. pp. 230-247.
  • Hazell, R. (1999). “The Shape of Things to Come: What Will the UK Constitution look like in the early 21st Century” in Hazell,R. (ed.) Constitutional Futures: A History of the Next Ten Years, Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN: 0198298013. pp.7-20.
  • Hazell, R. (1999). “ Westminster: Squeezed from above and below” in Hazell, R. (ed.) Constitutional Futures: A History of the Next Ten Years, Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN: 0198298013. pp. 111-135.
  • Hazell, R. and Cornes, R. (1999). “Financing Devolution: the Centre Retains Control” in Hazell,R. (ed.) Constitutional Futures: A History of the Next Ten Years, Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN: 0198298013. pp. 196-212.
  • Hazell, R. and Morris, R.M. (1999). “Machinery of Government: Whitehall” in Hazell, R. (ed.) Constitutional Futures: A History of the Next Ten Years, Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN: 0198298013. pp. 136-155.
  • Hazell, R. and O'Leary, B. (1999). “A Rolling Programme of Devolution: Slippery Slope or Safeguard of the Union?” in Hazell, R. (ed.) Constitutional Futures: A History of the Next Ten Years, Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN: 0198298013. pp. 21-46.
  • Russell, M. (1999). Second Chambers Overseas. The Political Quarterly 70(4), 411-417 [Online]
  • Hazell,R. (1999). “Reinventing the Constitution: Can the State Survive?” Public Law Spring 1999, pp. 84-103 . ISSN: 0033-3565


  • Seyd, B. and Hazell, R. (1998). “Reforming the Lords: the Numbers” Public Law Autumn 1998, pp. 378-384. ISSN: 0033-3565
  • Hazell, R. (1998). “House of Lords Reform: a step by step guide” in Beatson, J., Forsyth, C.F. and Hare, I. (eds) Constitutional Reform in the UK: Practice and Principles, Oxford:Hart Publishing, pp. 129-143. ISBN: 1901362841
  • Hazell, R. (1998). “The hinge between freedom of information and privacy” in McDonald, A. and Terrill, G. (eds) Open Government in Britain, London: Macmillan, pp. 67-85. ISBN: 0333726782
  • Hazell, R. (1998). “ Westminster and Whitehall” in Norton, P. (ed.) The Consequences of Devolution, London: Hansard Society, pp. 17-19. ISBN: 0900432314
  • Hazell, R. (1998). “Devolution and constitutional reform” in Tomkins, A. (ed.) Devolution and the British Constitution. London: Key Haven, pp. 41-60. ISBN: 1870070909


  • Hazell,R. (1997). “Constitutional Issues” in Public Services Yearbook 1997-1998. London: Pitman, pp. 49-58. ISBN: 027362766X.
  • Hazell, R. (1997). ‘Will the United Kingdom exist?’, in A Vision of the Country AD 2097, London: Country Life, pp. 101-108.
  • Hazell, R. (1997). “Constitutional reform starts to roll” Public Law Autumn 1997, pp. 424-427. ISSN: 0033-3565


  • Hazell, R. (1995). “Freedom of Information: the implications for the ombudsman” Public Administration 73 (2) , pp. 263-270. ISSN: 0033-3298 


  • Hazell, R. (1993). “Making the Civil Service more Accountable” in Barnett, A (ed.) Debating the Constitution. Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 115-118. ISBN: 0745610811.


  • Hazell, R. (1991). "Freedom of Information: Lessons from Canada, Australia and New Zealand" Policy Studies, pp. 38-46.


  • Hazell, R. (1989). “Freedom of Information in Australia, Canada and New Zealand” Public Administration 67 (2) , pp.189-210. ISSN: 0033-3298


  • Hazell, R. (1987). “Introducing Freedom of Information” Canberra Bulletin of Public Administration

The Monitor is the Constitution Unit's newsletter and is published three times a year – in January, June and October. It contains analysis of constitutional developments across the UK, information about the the Unit’s research and publications, and details of relevant events held by the Unit and other organisations.

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Monitor 60 - The Conservatives’ constitutional reform programme
Monitor 59: Preparing for another hung parliament
Monitor 58: Scotland, England and the Union (October 2014)
Monitor 57: Scottish Independence: the Countdown (June 2014)
Monitor 56: Code of Constitutional Standards (February 2014)
Monitor 55: Major New International Venture The Launch of Constitute: The World’s Constitutions to Read, Search and Compare (November 2013)
Monitor 54: The Coalition at Three (June 2013)
Monitor 53: Commission on a Bill of Rights Reports (February 2013)
Monitor 52: Lords Reform: Dead, or Just Resting? (October 2012)
Monitor 51: Scottish Independence: The Battle Lines are Drawn (June 2012)
Monitor 50: Will the Queen's Diamond Jubilee change the Rules of Succession? (January 2012)
Monitor 49: Clegg Delivers for the Conservatives (October 2011)
Monitor 48: A Tale of Two Referendums (June 2011)
Monitor 47: Constitutional reforms hit trouble in Parliament (January 2011)
Monitor 46: Government haste puts flagship bills at risk (October 2010)
Monitor 45: Post Election Edition (June 2010)
Monitor 44: Constitutional Issues in the Election (January 2010)
Monitor 43: Labour's Last Fling on Constitutional Reform (September 2009)
Monitor 42: CSPL Inquiry into MPs' Expenses (May 2009)
Monitor 41: Constitutional Reform Put On Hold (January 2009)
Monitor 40: Governance of Britain One Year On (September 2008)
Monitor 39: The 'Constitutional Renewal' Agenda Moves Forward (May 2008)
Monitor 38: Scotland: Toward a New Settlement? (January 2008)
Monitor 37: Gordon Brown and the Constitution (September 2007)
Monitor 36: Lords Reform: Progress at Last? (May 2007)
Special Supplement: Scottish and Welsh Elections 2007: Towards a New Devolution Settlement?
Monitor 35: The Union under Strain (January 2007)
Monitor 34: Human Rights Sabre Rattling (September 2006)
Monitor 33: Party Donors, Peerages and the Constitution (May 2006)
Cabinet Reshuffle Insert
Monitor 32: Parliament Bites Back (January 2006)
Monitor 31: Welsh Devolution: The next steps (September 2005)

Monitor 30:  FOI goes Live in 2005 (April 2005)

2005 General Election Supplement

Monitor 29: Elected regions hit the buffers (January 2005)
Monitor 28: Voters want choice in voting methods (September 2004)
Monitor 27: After Thirty Years, the UK again faces a Referendum (June 2004)
Monitor 26: Voting Systems all up for Review (March 2004)
Monitor 25: Constitutional Battles Ahead (December 2003)
Monitor 24: The Reshuffle in Perspective (September 2003)
Monitor 23: Rainbow Parliament in Scotland (June 2003)
Monitor 22: Lords Reform Ends in Shambles (March 2003)
Monitor 21: The Meaning of Modernisation (December 2002)
Monitor 20: PR Commission (August 2002)
Monitor 19: Regional Rejig (June 2002)
Monitor 18: Parliament Awakening? (March 2002)
Monitor 17: Lords Reform Stage Two: Wakeham or What? (December 2001)
Monitor 16: Whitehall's Constitutional Duo (September 2001)
Monitor 15: Constitutional Shake Up in Whitehall Do Britain's Political Parties Understand Devolution? (June 2001)
Monitor 14: Labour's Second Term Agenda (March 2001)
Monitor 13: The State and the Nations (December 2000)
Monitor 12: Rights Unleashed? (September 2000)
Monitor 11: Legistaltive Logjam (June 2000)
Monitor 10: Devolution Hots Up (March 2000)
Monitor 9: Reforming the House of Lords and Lessons from Overseas (December 1999)
Monitor 8: Unit Wins £1m Grant for Devolution Programme (September 1999)
Monitor 7: Devolution Dawns (June 1999)
Monitor 6: Constitutional Futures (March 1999)
Monitor 5: Constitutional Futures (December 1998)
Monitor 4: Year Two: Home Office takes the lead (September 1998)
Monitor 3: Constitution Unit expands again (May 1998)
Monitor 2: Lords Reform 1,2,3... (March 1998)
Monitor 1: Constitution Unit moves to School of Public Policy in UCL (September 1997)

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