UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies (SSEES)




Homosexuality in Bulgaria was legalized in 1968. The law 'Protection Against Discrimination Act of 2003' protects individuals from discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation, criminalizes hate speech and protects from discrimination in relation to military recruitment. Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria has held the annual Sofia Pride since 2008. The Pride is usually accompanied by a LGBT film fest and art week.

LGBTQ map of Bulgaria

Academic Institutions

There is no dedicated department to Queer Studies at the Sofia State University. However, some topics are addressed through existing gender studies centre and the sociology department.



Selected articles

  • Bulgarian OpenAIRE Repository - is a centralized cross-institutional repository and provides OpenAIRE compliance and free access to all peer-reviewed publications resulting from ERC funded FP7 projects in Bulgaria.
  • New Bulgarian University NBU Scholar Electronic Repository - first digital repository of scientific literature in Bulgaria. Faculty members can deposit their papers. Currently there are 565 publications with free online access. The New Bulgarian University encourages faculty members to deposit their research outputs into the repository.
Data and statistics
News portals
Digital libraries and archives
  • Bulgarian Digital Library - contains correspondence, portraits and photographs, Bulgarian newspapers and journals from 1844 to 1944 [in Bulgarian and English].
Other resources
  • An interview with LevFem, a newly formed anti-capitalist queer-feminist collective in Sofia, discussing feminism, socio-economic inequalities, the rising tide of racism, neofascism, ethnophobia, and xenophobia in Bulgaria and the region [in English].
  • България - страна без хомофобия! - homophobia reporting website [in Bulgarian].
  • LGBT Art Fest Sofia - a community art festival in Sofia [in Bulgarian, and English].
  • LGBTI Centre - a joint project of the Youth LGBT Organization Action Association, the Glas Foundation and the Bilitis Resource Center Foundation, an online platform including news, services, leadership and advocacy in the categories of health, law, culture and education [in Bulgarian].
  • Single Step - Single Step Foundation's mission is to support, motivate and empower LGBTI people, their families, friends and allies in Bulgaria through the process of recognizing, coming out and affirming their sexual orientation and gender identity [in Bulgarian, and English].
  • Sofia Pride - Sofia Pride parade website [in Bulgarian, English].
  • Sofia Pride Film Fest [in Bulgarian].
  • Sofia Queer Forum - a forum that features art works from the areas of documentary and experimental cinema and video art, contemporary visual and performance arts, fashion, as well as artistic parties. The program also includes presentations and theoretical discussions that touch upon subjects such as technologies and cyber feminism, as well as creating activist networks [in Bulgarian, and English].
  • Work it Out - a platform for based in Bulgaria domestic and international companies that want to make their workplaces more inclusive and embrace the benefits of diversity. The purpose of the platform is to promote a positive business and economic case for equality of opportunity for every employee in Bulgaria. It is not a formal organization, but rather a community of companies all sharing the goals for acceptance and inclusion of LGBT people [in Bulgarian, and English].