DoM External Seminar: Dr Trinidad Montero-Melendez, Queen Mary, University of London
10 April 2024, 1:00 pm–2:00 pm
title to be confirmed
This event is free.
- UCL staff | UCL students
Alison Kelly – Division of Medicine
'Title to be confirmed'
Dr Trinidad Montero-Melendez
Senior Lecturer in Molecular Pharmacology
Centre for Biochemical Pharmacology
Queen Mary, University of London
Host: Professor David Abraham
Department for Inflammation
Wednesday 10th Spril 2024 at 13:00
This seminar will be presented in Second Floor Seminar Room of the Rayne Buiding and will also run on Teams (link).
Trinidad Montero-Melendez trained as a Pharmacologist and obtained her PhD in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the University of Granada, Spain. She later joined the William Harvey Institute to work on understanding the pro-resolving potential of melanocortin receptors. During that period, she discovered the pro-resolving activities of the molecule AP1189 and its novel biased mode of action, which entered clinical development shortly after. She has also contributed to the pre-clinical development of several other melanocortin drug candidates for the treatment of inflammatory conditions and has participated in large high-throughput drug screening programmes for the identification of novel pro-resolving drugs. Another contribution to science includes the discovery of a novel mechanism of induction of senescence in synovial fibroblasts with therapeutic potential in diseases like rheumatoid arthritis.
Trini has published over 40 peer-reviewed publications as well as articles for the general public and children in the magazines The Biochemist and Frontiers for Young Minds.
Melanocortins, senescence and tissue repair
The melanocortin system is comprised by five receptors (MC1-5) and the endogenous peptides ACTH, a-,b-, and g-MSH. Over the last 15 years, we have advanced the field by discovering the pro-resolving actions of melanocortin agonists and by contributing to the pre-clinical development of several compounds in collaboration with industry, which are now undergoing clinical development. More recently, we discovered a new action of selective MC1 agonists which is the induction of cellular senescence in aberrantly activated fibroblasts, favouring the resolution of inflammation in models of arthritis and the acquisition of a pro-repair phenotype. We are currently investigating the detailed mode of action of this novel mechanism and exploring other conditions for therapeutic application to scale up the translational impact of this discovery.
Pharmacogenomics and Precision Medicine
The melanocortin receptor MC1 is encoded by a highly polymorphic gene for which more than 900 genetic variants (SNPs) have been identified. MC1 is highly expressed in melanocytes, the skin cells responsible for the production of melanin. Many of these variants cause a loss-of-function on the receptor leading to reduced production of melanin. MC1 gene variation is responsible for the diversity in human normal pigmentation, reflected in skin and hair colour, and it is strongly associated with red hair. MC1 is mainly responsible for the tanning response upon UV stimulation, and it is strongly associated with skin cancer risk. However, the high frequency of these variants in the population may impact on the development of MC1- based therapies. We are investigating what is the impact of carrying a variant on MC1R gene on the anti-inflammatory properties of melanocortin drugs.
Drug discovery - Resolution Pharmacology
Current medicines for the clinical management of inflammatory diseases act by inhibiting specific enzymes or antagonising specific receptors or blocking their ligands. In the past decade, a new paradigm in our understanding of the inflammatory process has emerged with the appreciation of genetic, molecular, and cellular mechanisms that are engaged to actively resolve inflammation. Mediators of resolution share fundamental properties to terminate the inflammatory reaction and organise the ‘cleaning phase’ within the affected tissue, as required for the regain of homeostasis and return to normal physiological function. Targeting of those mediators of resolution is what we termed “Resolution Pharmacology”. In this line, we are working on the discovery and development of novel compounds targeting the melanocortin and the formyl peptide receptor systems. In addition, we actively collaborate with the pharmaceutical industry to progress in the development of drug candidates targeting the resolution of inflammation.
The seminars are open to UCL & UCLH staff, students and their visitors. Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org for all enquires
Audience members: Please ensure that your mic is muted and video is turned off during the talk. There will be a 10-minute Q&A at the end of the talk. Please ensure that you use the ‘raise hand’ function if you would like to ask a question. Thank you.