Socialising the risks and rewards of public investments: Economic, policy and legal issues
7 November 2019
UCL Institute for Innovation and Public Purpose (IIPP) Working Paper Series: IIPP WP 2019-09
This working paper was also published as a journal article in Research Policy.
Journal article reference
Laplane, A. and Mazzucato, M. (2020) 'Socializing the risks and rewards of public investments: Economic, policy, and legal issues', Research Policy, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.repolx.2020.100008
- Andrea Laplane | Honorary Research Fellow, UCL Institute for Innovation and Public Purpose
- Mariana Mazzucato | Director, Professor in the Economics of Innovation and Public Value, UCL Institute for Innovation and Public Purpose
Working paper reference
Laplane, A. and Mazzucato, M. (2019). Socialising the risks and rewards of public investments: Economic, policy and legal issues. UCL Institute for Innovation and Public Purpose, Working Paper Series (IIPP WP 2019-09). Available at: https://www.ucl.ac.uk/bartlett/public-purpose/wp2019- 09
This paper develops a framework for analysing the role of public agencies in making high- risk investments along the innovation chain, and asks how both the risks of innovation and the rewards can be shared between public and private actors. We build on a new approach to innovation policy, which we call market co-creating and shaping, in which the state is not only fixing markets but actively co-creating them. We also look at the legal institutions that determine (and are determined by) the relationship between public and private actors. Policy measures to institutionalise rewards in a way that promotes more equitable public-private partnerships can be understood as attempts to mediate asymmetric power relations, tensions and conflicting views among multiple stakeholders, as well as building a shared notion of the value and legitimacy of the role of the state. We conclude by outlining analytical and policy implications and identifying avenues for future research.