XClose

The Bartlett School of Planning

Home
Menu

Karla Barrantes Chaves

Research subject

Fear of crime in Public Spaces, Great Metropolitan Area of Costa Rica.

Primary supervisor: Professor Claudio de Magalhães
Secondary supervisor: Dr Pablo Sendra
Sponsor: Universidad de Costa Rica
Starting date: January 2017
Projected completion date: January 2021

The public space as a meeting point reveals an extraordinary complexity; there, it is expected to find wide diversity. However, the dynamic around the integration of different populations around a common place cannot be taken lightly; it is crucial to recognize the specific spatial context of these people which could involve neighbourhoods with distinct levels of incomes (Vaughan & Arbaci, 2011). On the other hand, this variety also implies factors such as age groups or gender. The way people conceive their relationship with open spaces could be a key element in their notion of safety; nevertheless, in some dimensions the perception of unsafety is higher than victimization (Bannister, 1993; Burgess, 1994). Even though, there is a gap between perceived and actual security in Costa Rica (Programa de Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo, 2006), these concerns about crime have prompted a considerable number of people to choose to live in gated communities. Nonetheless, these types of extra precautions could ‘increase the levels of fear and isolation’ (Minton, 2009, p. 140). This study aims to explore the relationship between fear of crime and factors such as population composition, incomes, diversity, physical environment, institutional dimension and appropriation of open spaces.

References

Bannister, J. (1993). Locating fear: Environmental and ontological security. In H. Jones (Ed.), Crime and the urban environment: the Scottish experience. Aldershot, England: Avebury.

Burgess, J. (1994). The politics of trust: Reducing fear of crime in urban parks (Working Paper No. 8). London, England: Comedia in association with Demos.

Vaughan, L., & Arbaci, S. (2011). The challenges of understanding urban segregation. Built Environment 37(2), 128-13.

Programa de Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo. (2006). Venciendo el temor. (In) seguridad ciudadana y desarrollo humano en Costa Rica Informe Nacional de Desarrollo Humano, 2005. [Overcoming fear: Citizen (In)security and human development in Costa Rica. National Human Development Report 2005].

Minton, A. (2009). Ground control: fear and happiness in the twenty-first-century city. London, England: Penguin.

 

Biography

Karla is an associate professor at University of Costa Rica (UCR), she has worked for 14 years as a researcher in planning at the Research Program in Sustainable Urban Development (ProDUS) at the University of Costa Rica (UCR); there, she has coordinated and participated in regulatory plans and researches related with urban planning, infrastructure, heritage and public spaces.

She founded and directed for 11 years, the urban renewal project ‘TCU Calle de la Amargura’ which focus on safety strategies.

She is an architect graduated from UCR, with a Master in Urban and Land Development from Politécnica de Cataluña University.

Academic experience

Lecturer of ‘Urbanism’ course (Topographic Design for Residential Areas), School of Topography, University of Costa Rica, 2010-2016. Lecturer of shared course ‘Environmental Psychology: Active Mobility and Green Areas, School of Psychology’, University of Costa Rica. 2015. Lecturer of shared course “Land Planning 1” for the Master’s Degree in Environmental Management and Ecotourism, at the University of Costa Rica, 2011- 2013. Director of the University Community Work, “Amargura Street, towards a physical, recreational and cultural renewal” (TC-519), School of Civil Engineer, 2005-2016. University of Costa Rica. Coordinator for the Cultural Extension project “Enjoying Amargura” (EC-362), School of Topographic Engineering, 2013-2016. University of Costa Rica Lecturer of shared course, “Nature and tourism projects”, for the career in Eco-Tourism at the           University of Costa Rica, Liberia Branch. 2004.

Publications and other work

Papers

  • Barrantes K, (2015). Ingenierías en los procesos de renovación urbana y gestión communal [Engineering in urban renovation and community management processes]. Iberoamerican Journal of Project Management (IJoPM).  ISSN 2346-9161. Vol.6, No1., Section Code, pp.37-60. 2015.http://www.ijopm.org/index.php/IJOPM/article/view/221.
  • Barrantes K, (2014). Calle de la Amargura: hacia una renovación urbana con actividad humana. [Amargura Street towards an urban renovation with human activity], On the Waterfront Magazine, University of Barcelona, Spain. ISSN 1139-7365 (21-39), 2014 http://www.ub.edu/escult/Water/w-28/onthew@terfront28.pdf
  • Barrantes, K.(2012) Plan regulador de Pococí, Limón, Costa Rica. Retos y compromisos [Regulatory plan for Pococi, Limón, Costa Rica. Challenges and commitments]. InterSedes Magazine. Vol. XIII. (24-2011) 61-77. http://www.intersedes.ucr.ac.cr/ojs/index.php/intersedes/article/view/313
  • Barrantes, K; Zumbado F.(2012). Aporte de los procesos participativos en el ordenamientoterritorial: caso del Plan Regulador Costero de Isla Chira y Zonificación propuesta [Contributions during participative proceedings in land laws: case of the Coastal Regulatory Plan for Chira Island and Zoning proposal]. Reflexiones Magazine. K: 285-296, ISSN: 1021-1209/2012. http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/reflexiones/article/view/1540

Books (participation and chapters)

  • Pujol R, Barrantes K & López C. (2013). Spatial Planning as a Tool for Heritage Protection: Costa Rica Master Plans, Tangible Risks and Intangible Opportunities: Long-term risk preparedness and responses for threats to cultural heritage. ICOMOS 2015. ISBN 978-2-918086-16-1 EAN 9782918086161.http://adcom2013.icomoscr.org/ADCOM_2013_CostaRica_SymposiumProceedings.pdf.
  • Barrantes, K. (2013). TCU Calle de la Amargura [TCU Amargura Street].in Activaciones urbanas para la apropiación del espacio público, UN-Habitat. San Jose, Costa Rica, ISBN 978-92-1-133405-0 (54-57) 2013. http://onuhabitat.org/images/stories/Noticias/2013/ACTIVACIONES_URBANAS_...
  • Pujol R, Barrantes, K. (2013). Áreas recreativas de la GAM [GMA Recreational Areas].in Activaciones urbanas para la apropiación del espacio público, UN-Habitat. San Jose, Costa Rica, ISBN 978-92-1-133405-0 (40-45) 2013. http://onuhabitat.org/images/stories/Noticias/2013/ACTIVACIONES_URBANAS_FINAL.pdf
  • Barrantes, K. (2011) Descripción básica y esquema de las etapas de un proceso de gestión del ordenamiento territorial. [Basic description and stage outline a for land law management process]. In Guía de Ordenamiento Territorial en espacios Rurales. ISBN 978-9968-809-97-9 (3-7). DEMUCA-ProDUS.
  • Barrantes, K. (2011). Principios generales de la Zonificación Rural [General Principles of Rural Zoning]. In Guía de Ordenamiento Territorial en espacios rurales ISBN 978-9968-809-97-9 (24-27). DEMUCA-ProDUS.
  • Barrantes, K. (2011). Políticas de fraccionamiento en espacios Rurales [Division Policies in Rural Spaces] In Guía de Ordenamiento Territorial en espacios rurales ISBN 978-9968-809-97-9 (40-42). Land Law Guidelines in Rural Spaces, DEMUCA-ProDUS.
  • Barrantes, K. (2011) Formalización del proceso de ordenamiento territorial mediante ordenanzas y reglamentos municipales. [Formalization of land law procedures through municipal by laws and regulations]. In Guía de Ordenamiento Territorial en espacios rurales ISBN 978-9968-809-97-9 (74-78). DEMUCA-ProDUS.
  • Barrantes, K. (2011) Reglas básicas de zonificación, reglamentos y ordenanzas municipalesde ordenamiento territorial [Basic zoning rules, municipal bylaws and regulations for Land Laws]. In Guía de Ordenamiento Territorial en espacios rurales ISBN 978-9968-809-97-9 (97-101). DEMUCA-ProDUS.
  • Barrantes, K. (2005). Elaboración de regulaciones y mapas. [Elaboration of regulations and maps] in Reflexiones para el Debate Nº 8, Manual para la Gestión Municipal de la Zona Marítimo-Terrestre en Costa Rica, San José, Fundación DEMUCA, 2005.
  • Barrantes, K. (2005). Capacidades institucionales municipales para la gestión territorial (localy regional) de la zona marítimo terrestre. [Municipal institutional capacities for land management (local and regional) for the land-sea zoning] in Reflexiones para el Debate Nº 8, Manual para la Gestión Municipal de la Zona Marítimo-Terrestre en Costa Rica, San José, Fundación DEMUCA, 2005.

Conferences

  • Barrantes, K. (2014). Engineering in urban renovation and community management processes. V Congreso Iberoamericano de Ingeniería de proyectos. Loja, Ecuador
  • Pujol R, Barrantes, K, Ávila, D (2012). Quepos: Proposal to reusing the State’s natural patrimony and the Historic Patrimony of the American Zone and Zone Zero. Costa Rican Pacific Area Research meetings, University of Costa Rica, Puntarenas, Costa Rica.
  • Barrantes, K, Solano, J. (2012). Planning Experience at the Golfo Dulce Forest Reserve. Costa Rican Pacific Area Research meetings, University of Costa Rica, Puntarenas, Costa Rica.
  • Zumbado, F, Barrantes K (2011). Land Laws for islands in the Nicoya Gulf: Regulatory Coastal Plan for Chira Island and final zoning proposal. Costa Rican Pacific Area Research meeting, University of Costa Rica, Puntarenas, Costa Rica.

Dissertations

  • Barrantes, K. (2008). Opportunities for the creation and management of public spaces in Pococi: Regulatory Plan as a Transformation Tool, Masters dissertation, Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña, Barcelona.
  • Barrantes, K. (2003). Final Graduation Project “Bamboo Technology teaching, research and information center for San Luis in Monteverde” , Dissertation for Licenciatura, University of Costa Rica, San José.

International delegations

  • Habitat III, United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development. Member of Costa Rican official delegation on behalf of the academic sector.  Quito, Ecuador, 2016.
  • First Meeting for the UNESCO Lecture “Intermediate Cities Urbanization and Development” on behalf the University of Costa Rica. University of Lleida, Ayuntamiento de Lleida, UNESCO, Lleida, Spain, December 2008.