Institute of Archaeology


Excavations at Roca dels Bous, Spain

The Roca dels Bous rockshelter (Catalunya, Spain) is located at the foot of a rocky outcrop on the concave side of a large, narrowly incised meander of the river Segre that now forms a reservoir.

Roca dels Bous contains a late Middle Palaeolithic sequence, the upper levels of which are dated to between 38-47 kyr. Since 2001, Ignacio de la Torre has co-led fieldwork at this site, which has focused on the excavations of levels 10 and 12.

Study of hearths, lithics, and lithic refits, as well as analysis of fossil bones, the spatial configuration of the archaeological remains, etc, is providing exciting information about adaptations of late Neanderthals in the South of the Pyrenees.

Related outputs

  • Martínez-Moreno J., de la Torre I., Mora, R., Casanova, J. (2010) Technical variability and changes in the pattern of settlement at Roca dels Bous (southeastern Pre-Pyrenees, Spain). In: Conard N.J., Delagnes, A. (eds) Settlement Dynamics of the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age, Volume III. Kerns Verlag, Tubingen, pp 485-507.
  • Martínez-Moreno, J.; Mora, R.; Casanova, J.; de la Torre, I. (2007), "La Roca dels Bous: Sur les pas des Néandertaliens du sud des Pyrénées", Bulletin de l´Association Archéologique des Pyrénées-Orientales 22, pp. 47-55. ISSN 1636-7227.
  • Benito-Calvo, A., Martínez-Moreno, J., Jordá, J., de la Torre, I. & Mora, R. (2009), Sedimentological and archaeological fabrics in Palaeolithic levels of the South-Eastern Pyrenees: Cova Gran and Roca dels Bous Sites (Lleida, Spain), Journal of Archaeological Science 36, pp. 2566-2577.
  • Casanova, J., Mora, R., Martínez-Moreno, J. & de la Torre, I. (2009), Stratégies techniques dans le Paléolithique Moyen du sud-est des Pyrénées, L´anthropologie 113, pp. 313-340.


  • Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology