UCL Institute of the Americas


Agis Papageorgiou

Interventionism and Ideology: Greco-American Relations from 1947 to 1974 and their Historical Memory


Dr Tony McCulloch and Dr Nadia Hilliard

This research project primarily explores Greco-American relations during the Cold War through the frameworks of American Exceptionalism and Constructivism. In more specific terms, the project analyzes the three defining cases of American interventionism in Greek affairs—the Third Phase of the Greek Civil War from 1947 to 1949, the Greek military Junta from 1967 to 1974 and the Turkish invasion of Cyprus of 1974—considering the objectives, the scope, the outcomes and the ideological consistency of American foreign policy with the ideals that constitute missionary American Exceptionalism. The project assesses the impact of these interventions on the Greek public opinion in thymotic terms, researching the extent to which America’s ideological and moral deviations birthed and fueled Greek anti-Americanism.

This project also explores the historical memory of American interventionism in post-Junta political Greece, emphasizing mainly on the Greek debt crisis—during which anti-Westernism became a prominent ideological force. In that sense, this project seeks to define the dynamics and the persistence of Greek anti-Americanism, using simultaneously Greco-American relations as a unique case study in assessing the role of ideology in US foreign policy. Thus, apart from expanding current research on Greco-American relations, this project aims to contribute to the broader study of American foreign policy, especially in what concerns the deontological function of American Exceptionalism in the anarchic world of international relations as well as to the concepts of historic memory and moral leadership in foreign policy-making.