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Qualitative Research Methods in Health

  • 1 half-day per week
  • 10 weeks
  • 29 Sep 2022

Overview

This online course aims to equip you with the knowledge and skills to understand, design and conduct high quality qualitative research.

The course will help you:

  • gain a clear understanding of the principles of qualitative research
  • practise skills including interviewing, running a focus group, data analysis, and developing and presenting a research protocol

The course will be held online over 10 half days. 

This course is run by researchers from the UCL Centre for Excellence in Qualitative Research, within the Research Department of Primary Care and Population Health (PCPH).

Who it's for

This course is for: 

  • Master's level students, PhD students and research staff who need to design and conduct a qualitative study
  • those who wish to know how to assess the quality of qualitative research (e.g. funders, journal editors, ethical committee members etc.)

You don't need to have any previous experience of qualitative research, but you will need to do some preparation before each session.

Course content

1: Understanding qualitative research methods (29 September and 6 October 2022)

Lead: Julia Bailey

This workshop will help you understand the basis on which qualitative methodology is selected as a research approach.

You'll:

  • learn about the philosophical debates around qualitative research
  • contrast qualitative and quantitative approaches
  • discuss the place of qualitative research in health and medicine

You'll also critique a published paper of a qualitative study. This will help you reflect on a completed study and consider not only the methodological approach and selection of methods, but also practical aspects such as sampling, what counts as data, the position of the researcher, data analysis, and application of findings.

Learning objectives

By the end of this workshop you'll be able to:

  • describe key features of qualitative research
  • explain the rationale for key features of qualitative research design 
  • know when qualitative or quantitative study designs are appropriate 
  • understand how ‘theory’ is relevant for qualitative research
2: Qualitative interviewing (13 and 20 October 2022)

Leads: Jamie Ross and Silvie Cooper

On this workshop you'll learn about qualitative research interviewing techniques and developing topic guides.

You'll explore structured, semi-structured and in-depth interview methods and their application, using real world examples. However, the emphasis will be on semi-structured interview techniques.

You'll also learn about and discuss:

  • the importance of different communication styles and researcher reflexivity
  • practical issues such as structuring questions, building rapport and dealing with challenging interviews

You'll be encouraged to think of an area of research around which you'll structure and produce a topic guide for use in a practical session. You'll also get the opportunity to practice your newly developed interviewing skills.

As far as possible, the workshop is tailored towards research that those attending are planning/doing.

Learning objectives

By the end of this workshop you'll be able to:

  • describe and distinguish between structured, semi-structured and 'in-depth' interviewing
  • formulate and construct a topic guide
  • apply and evaluate some key interviewing skills
3: Focus groups in qualitative research (3 and 10 November 2022)

Lead: Lorraine McDonagh

This workshop will introduce you to focus groups - a key qualitative research method.

You'll learn about the:

  • different stages of the research process where focus groups can be used
  • types of research questions that lend themselves to this approach
  • practicalities of sampling, convening and conducting focus groups, including issues to consider when researching sensitive topics

You'll also practise your communication and group facilitation skills.

You'll be encouraged to think of an area of research around which you'll structure and produce a topic guide for use in a practical session.

Learning objectives

By the end of this workshop you'll be able to:

  • explain when and how to use focus groups
  • design a topic guide for a focus group study
  • organise and facilitate a focus group
4: Qualitative data analysis (17 November and 1 December 2022)

Leads: Fiona Stevenson and Nathan Davies

On this workshop you'll discuss a range of ways of conducting qualitative data analysis and the rationales for different approaches.

You'll be encouraged to critically reflect on how decisions made throughout research affect the type and extent of analysis possible. The importance of decisions about transcription are also stressed.

You'll consider the place of data management software in qualitative analysis. You won't be taught how to use particular software packages, but you'll discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using these.

You'll conduct a thematic analysis on a piece of data, and reflect on and consider the best approach for your own work.

As far as possible, the workshop is tailored towards research that those attending are planning/doing.

Please note: this workshop does not provide training in the use of Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis packages

Learning objectives

By the end of this workshop you'll be able to:

  • distinguish between different types of qualitative data analysis
  • recognise the importance of decisions relating to transcribing, reflexivity, field notes, double coding and data management
  • consider various approaches to analysis
  • understand the principles and practicalities of conducting a basic thematic analysis
  • evaluate the benefits of Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis for your projects
5: Designing a qualitative study (8 and 15 December 2022)

Leads: Jane Wilcock and Rachael Frost

In this interactive workshop you'll plan your own qualitative study design.

You'll work on your own and in small and large groups, with an experienced tutor. You'll also have the opportunity for one-to-one and small group discussions and advice on qualitative study design.

The first day is spent planning your study in a structured way. On the second day you'll present your study design proposal to tutors and other students in small groups, and discuss research issues arising from the proposed studies.

Learning objectives

By the end of this workshop you'll be able to:

  • write clear research questions
  • understand the principles of (and debates about) quality in qualitative research
  • plan a qualitative research study, specifying the details of how a study will be carried out
  • present a four-slide summary of your study design
  • discuss the rationale for chosen study designs

Teaching and assessment

The course is highly interactive, involving a range of teaching techniques including group work, practical tasks and discussion.

It will be run online with a mixture of synchronous learning on Zoom (e.g. presentations, small group discussions) and asynchronous learning (pre-recorded videos, readings, preparatory writing/planning).

You'll receive help designing and planning your own qualitative research project. You'll then present your design proposals and receive feedback from course tutors and peers at the end of the course.

You'll be required to do some preparation before each session (reading and/or watching videos).

How to apply

To apply for this course you’ll need to complete a short application form.

Your application will be judged on your suitability for the course and how much you're likely to benefit. Priority will be given to people who are actively planning or conducting qualitative research.

Please email qrm@ucl.ac.uk if you’d like to be added to the waiting list. When booking opens and there are spaces available for the course, you'll be emailed a link to the application form.

Cancellation policy

Cancellations must be received in writing at least two weeks before the start of the event and will be subject to an administration charge of 20% of the course fee. Unfortunately, no refunds will be made within two weeks of the course date. Any refund will be made by UCL to you within 30 days of your cancellation and be paid to you in the same way as you paid for your order.

We reserve the right to cancel teaching if necessary and will, in such event, make a full refund of the registration fee. PCPH Events will not be liable for any additional incurred costs.

Further information

If you have any questions about the course content, please email Fiona Stevenson (f.stevenson@ucl.ac.uk) or Julia Bailey (julia.bailey@ucl.ac.uk).

For administrative queries, please contact Sophia Hafeez (qrm@ucl.ac.uk).

Course team

Julia Bailey - joint course leader

Julia Bailey - joint course leader

Julia is an Associate Professor at the e-Health Unit at UCL and a sexual health speciality doctor in South East London. Her research interests include sexual health, e-Health, doctor-patient interaction, science communication and social science in medicine (qualitative methodologies). View Julia’s IRIS profile for more information about her work and publications.

Fiona Stevenson - joint course leader

Fiona Stevenson - joint course leader

Fiona is a Professor of Medical Sociology and Co-Director of e-Health Unit at UCL. She’s currently Head of the Department of Primary Care and Population Health at UCL. Her research is broadly encompassed by the overarching theme of perceptions, communication and interactions about treatment. Her methodological expertise lies in qualitative methods, both in relation to thematic analysis of interviews and focus groups and conversation analysis of interactional data. She has expertise in conducting original research as well as implementing research findings into practice. View Fiona’s IRIS profile for more information about her work and publications.

Rachael Frost

Rachael Frost

Rachael is a Senior Research Fellow in the Centre for Ageing Population Studies at UCL. Her research focuses on living well in later life, particularly for people with frailty, dementia and depression, and anxiety. She’s led on a number of primary qualitative studies, mixed-methods studies and systematic reviews of qualitative research. She has a strong interest in patient and public involvement and engagement. View Rachael’s IRIS profile for more information about her work and publications.

Lorraine McDonagh

Lorraine McDonagh

Lorraine is a Senior Research Fellow in the NIHR Health Protection Research Unit in Blood Borne and Sexually Transmitted Infections at UCL. Her research primarily focuses on psychological, behavioural, and social factors involved health and healthcare. She has a particular interest in inequalities, marginalised populations, stigma, health service improvement, behaviour change, and intervention development. She's led several large scale qualitative and quantitative studies, and is recognised by the Higher Education Academy as a Fellow (FHEA). View Lorraine’s IRIS profile for more information about her work and publications.

Nathan Davies

Nathan Davies

Nathan is an Associate Professor and Alzheimer’s Society Fellow based in the Centre for Ageing Population Studies at UCL. His main research interests are in older adults, dementia, and supporting family carers. He's a qualitative researcher leading on several qualitative studies, which explore sensitive topics, including end of life care. In addition to experience of interviews, focus groups and various types of qualitative analysis, he has extensive experience of co-design, co-production and consensus-based methods. View Nathan’s IRIS profile for more information about his work and publications.

Jane Wilcock

Jane Wilcock

Jane is a Senior Research Associate in the Centre for Ageing & Population Studies, UCL. Her main research interests are in dementia, ageing, emergent technologies and trials of complex interventions in primary care and community settings. A mixed-methods researcher, Jane has experience of a variety of study designs such as RCTs, interview and focus group studies, nominal group techniques and co-design of interventions. In addition, she is a methodology expert for the NIHR Research Design Service London. View Jane’s IRIS profile for more information about her work and publications.

Jamie Ross

Jamie Ross

Jamie is a Senior Research Fellow based in the e-Health Unit at UCL. Her research interests centre on the development, evaluation and implementation of digital health interventions. Jamie is currently working on the national evaluation of the NHS’s digital diabetes prevention programme (DDPP). Jamie is a mixed methods researcher, and has extensive experience of using qualitative research methods in her work including conducting and analysing interviews and focus groups and the analysis of naturalistic data. View Jamie’s IRIS profile for more information about her work and publications.

Silvie Cooper

Silvie Cooper

Silvie is a Lecturer (Teaching) in the Department of Applied Health Research at UCL. Her research interests include capacity building for health research, management of chronic pain, digital health, and patient education, using qualitative, mixed methods, and translational research approaches. Alongside her research, she designs and teaches on a variety of health and social science courses for undergraduates, postgraduates and professionals. Topics include research and evaluation methods, the social aspects of health and illness, and the impact of context, practice and policy on healthcare experiences. View Silvie’s IRIS profile for more information about her works and publications.

Learner reviews

“The course is a really a great opportunity to read, reflect, discuss and share research, which is helpful for personal and professional development.” [Academic Clinical Fellow, Spring 2022]

“This session really helped me to organise my thoughts and put together a coherent plan for future research. It will make writing my protocol very easy!” [PhD Student, Spring 2022]

“It was such an excellent course. The information and materials provided were straight to the point and helpful, the working atmosphere was inspiring and constructive, and the tasks were interesting and activating. Thank you to all tutors!” [Clinical Research Programme Coordinator, Spring 2022]

“Great tutors, great reading material. It was very interesting to hear other peoples' experiences. Although this course was virtual, there were plenty of opportunities for interaction. I now have a better understanding and I am confident to run my study. I would recommend this course to anyone who wants an intro in qual research.” [Pre-Doctoral Research Fellow, 2021]

"I have a more clear understanding of the basics of qual methods, terminology and ways it may fit into my own research." [Researcher, 2019] 

Course information last modified: 23 Jun 2022, 10:15