James Colyear Dawkins

1760 - 13th Mar 1843

Claimant or beneficiary

Biography

James Dawkins, son of Henry Dawkins II and Lady Julia Colyear. Took the additional name Colyear by Royal License in 1835.

  1. John Biddulph and Samuel Pepys Cockerell as trustees of James Dawkins received the compensation for ten estates in Jamaica. Biddulph and Dawkins were added in 1834 to supplement Sir William Henry Cooper, the sole surviving (and presumably ailing) trustee 'under an indenture of 28/06/1822', who then died in January 1836. It is possible that the original trustees were appointed under a marriage settlement for James Dawkins 'of Petersham', whose second marriage to Maria Margaret Forbes was conducted under special license by John Deedes, the Rector of Wellingdale Essex at the house at Ham of the bride's father, General Forbes, on 20/09/1822.

  2. However, Butler sets out a different version: 'Shortly before his death in 1812, Henry Dawkins bequeathed his Jamaican plantations to his eldest son, James. The inheritance included seven sugar estates, three livestock pens, and various smaller properties throughout the island. The plantations, which included Parnassus, Old [sic] Plantation and Sutton's in Clarendon, and Dawkins Caymanas in St Catherine parish, carried annuities totaling £40,000 for the benefit of his widow and younger children. The bequest stipulated that the estates should be mortgaged if their profits did not meet the expense. In 1817, the estate's trustees threatened to take possession unless James Dawkins raised the £40,000 or paid £8,000 annually towards liquidating the debt.  Although his father had clearly intended the rents and profits to cover the bequests, James Dawkins was forced to mortgage the property to Biddulph and Cockerell. By 1836 it was clear he could not pay off the principal, and the partnership collected over £33,400 in compensation and used it to reduce the debt.'     

  3. Will of James heretofore Colyear Dawkins of Richmond, Surrey proved 09/05/1843.

Sources

T71/859 Clarendon claim nos. 1,2, 7, 11 and 277; T71/855 St Thomas-in-the-Vale claim no. 14; T71/858 Vere claim nos. 46 and 77; T71/852 St Catherine claim nos. 499 (Dawkins Caymanas) and 515.

  1. Ancestry.com, London, England, Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921 [database onlie].

  2. Kathleen Mary Butler, The economics of Emancipation: Jamaica and Barbados 1823-1843 (Chapel Hill and London, University of North Carolina Press, 1995) p. 55. The paragraph is sourced to: 'John Dawkins to John Randall 7 August 1836; John Randall to Henry Dawkins 12 August 1836; miscellaneous documents dated 1812 and 5 September 1817, Dawkins Family Papers, MSS D.D. Dawkins, C47. PP., 1837-38 (215): 1,4, 19-21.'

 3. PROB 11/1979.


Further Information

Absentee?
British/Irish
Spouse
(1) Hannah Phipps, widow of Charles Long (1785); (2) Maria Forbes

Associated Claims (3)

£9,591 12S 5D
Beneficiary
£3,646 1S 9D
Beneficiary
£2,324 10S 8D
Beneficiary unsuccessful

Associated Estates (11)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1815 [SY] - 1839 [LA] → Trust beneficiary
1815 [SY] - 1839 [LA] → Trust beneficiary
1817 [EA] - 1834 [LA] → Trust beneficiary
1814 [SY] - 1833 [LA] → Owner
1817 [EA] - 1834 [LA] → Trust beneficiary
1814 [SY] - 1834 [LA] → Trust beneficiary
1826 [EA] - 1834 [LA] → Trust beneficiary
1814 [SY] - 1839 [LA] → Owner
1814 [SY] - 1839 [LA] → Trust beneficiary
19/06/1814 [SD] - 1839 [LA] → Trust beneficiary
1817 [EA] - 1839 [LA] → Trust beneficiary

Legacies Summary

Political (1)

MP
Tory 
election →
Chippenham Wiltshire
1784 - 1806
election →
Chippenham Wiltshire
1807 - 1812
election →
Hastings Sussex
1812 - 1826
election →
Wilton Wiltshire
1831 - 1837

Relationships (5)

Brothers
Son → Father
Brothers
Brothers
Nephew → Uncle

Addresses (1)

Richmond, Surrey, London, England