PRISMH Workshop & Stakeholders Forum on Resilience of Schools to Multi-Hazard in the Philippines

7 May 2019

A two-day workshop on Structural Mitigation & Increasing Resilience of Schools to Multi-Hazard has been conducted in Manila-Philippines by the UCL EPICentre team in collaboration with De La Salle University and Xavier University as part of the PRISMH project.


The workshop introduced and discussed the most common deficiencies and failures observed in existing school infrastructures in the Philippines, when exposed to various types of natural hazards including earthquake, flood and strong wind. Emphasising on the extended variety of the building typology and unpredictability of the natural hazards’ intensity, different methods of data collection and exposure analysis were introduced in order to prioritize the most vulnerable structures, susceptible to life threatening damage and economical losses, among the ones assessed. Furthermore, the course introduced various state-of-the-art methods for structural strengthening and rehabilitation in order to mitigate the existing risk. Gaining the knowledge of mitigation techniques for various natural hazards will greatly assist the decision-making process and feasibility analysis in terms of both required skills and cost. Furthermore, experts have shared their experience and knowledge in early warning systems, identification and allocation of the shelters, as well as designing and implementing evacuation plans, as part of the post disaster decision makings.

Discussed Topics

  • Multi-Hazard Rapid Visual Survey (RVS) & Physical Vulnerability Prioritization (Dr Arash Nassirpour, UCL)
  • Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete Structures using Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) (Dr Arash Nassirpour, UCL)
  • Retrofitting Reinforced Concrete Structures using Concrete & Steel Jacketing and Steel Bracing (Ms Linghui Zhou, UCL)
  • Vulnerability & Resilience of Structures against Wind Hazard (Prof Lessandro Garciano, DLSU)
  • Flood Vulnerability Assessment of School Buildings in Cagayan de Oro (Prof Dina D’Ayala, UCL)
  • Early Warning Systems (Ms Samantha Jarder, DLSU)
  • Schools for Emergency Shelter & Evacuation (Ms Rebekah Yore, UCL)

Furthermore, the workshop was followed by Stakeholders Forum taking place in Manila as well as the city of Cagayan de Oro (CdeO) for which the data collection was conducted. The attendees included the Mayor of CdeO, official's of the Disaster Risk Reduction & Management (DRRM) and Philippines Department of Education.

About Project
The PRISMH project, led by Prof Dina D’Ayala, Dr Carmine Galasso and Dr Joanna Faure Walker aims to develop an advanced resilience assessment framework for school infrastructure subjected to multiple natural hazards in the Philippines. The project investigates the effectiveness of buildings retrofit measures and social preparedness measures as means of preventing casualties, reducing economic losses and maintaining functionality of the school infrastructure and its role within the community in the event of natural disasters. In particular the project addresses risks from seismic, wind and flood hazards. The resilience assessment protocol will be used by civil protection and school authorities to improve their preparedness and implementation. 

Period of Project
1 Apr. 2017 – 30 Sep. 2019

Principal Investigator
Prof Dina D’Ayala, University College London, EPICentre

Dr Carmine Galasso, University College London, EPICentre
Dr Joanna Faure Walker, University College London, Institute for Risk and Disaster Reduction

Project Partners
De La Salle University (DLSU), Manila – Philippines
Prof Andres W. Oreta
Dr Lessandro E. Garciano
Mr Richard DeJesus

Xavier University (XU), Cagayan de Oro – Philippines
Mr Dexter Lo

Funding Bodies
British Council (Newton Fund Grant Agreement Institutional Links)
Philippines’s Commission

Improving the Disaster Resilience of School Infrastructure