UCL Department of Economics


"Fiscal Zoning and Sales Taxes:  Do Higher Sales Taxes Lead to More Retailing and Less Manufacturing?", joint with Daria Burnes and David Neumark (UC Irvine)

24 November 2010, 12:30 pm–1:40 pm

Event Information

Open to



IFS Conference Room

Michelle White (University of California) 

IFS Sticerd Seminar

Abstract: "We test the hypothesis that local government officials in jurisdictions that have higher local sales taxes are more likely to use fiscal zoning to encourage retailing. We find that total retail employment is not significantly affected by local sales tax rates, but employment in big box and anchor stores is higher significantly in jurisdictions with higher sales tax rates. This suggests that local officials in these jurisdictions concentrate on attracting large stores and shopping centers. We also find that the effect of local sales taxes on retail employment is larger in county interiors, where residents tend to be captive to local retailers. Finally, fiscal zoning has the opposite effect on manufacturing employment, suggesting that local officials’ efforts to attract shopping centers and large stores crowd out manufacturing."

Seminar Paper