A non-coding indel polymorphism antagonistically affects fitness in Drosophila
14 May 2021
Genetic variants within the fruitless gene of Drosophila melanogaster have been identified, where one allele confers higher reproductive success while the other produces larvae with greater survival to adulthood.
This pattern is an example of 'antagonistic pleiotropy', where each gene variant has opposing effects on different aspects of an organism's performance, and likely contributes to maintaining genetic variation at this locus across worldwide populations of Drosophila. This is one of the first instances where sequence level variation can be demonstrated to have antagonistic fitness effects at different life stages and linked to genetic variation in the wild.