UCL Institute for Environmental Design and Engineering


Using building simulation to model the drying of flooded building archetypes


1 March 2013

With a changing climate, London is expected to experience more frequent periods of intense rainfall and tidal surges, leading to an increase in the risk of flooding. This paper describes the simulation of the drying of flooded building archetypes representative of the London building stock using the EnergyPlus-based hygrothermal tool 'University College London-Heat and Moisture Transfer (UCL-HAMT)' in order to determine the relative drying rates of different built forms and envelope designs. Three different internal drying scenarios, representative of conditions where no professional remediation equipment is used, are simulated. A mould model is used to predict the duration of mould growth risk following a flood on the internal surfaces of the different building types. Heating properties while keeping windows open dried dwellings fastest, while purpose built flats and buildings with insulated cavity walls were found to dry slowest. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Using building simulation to model the drying of flooded building archetypes. Journal of Building Performance Simulation, 6 (2), 119-140. 

Taylor, J., Biddulph, P., Davies, M., Ridley, I., Mavrogianni, A., Oikonomou, E., Lai, K.M. (2013)