UCL Department of Science, Technology, Engineering and Public Policy


Greening Industrialisation in Ethiopia

This project explores the benefits, costs and uncertainties of greening industrial development in three Ethiopian industrial sectors: leather, cement and garments

About the project

Ethiopia has already made huge progress towards addressing factors affecting climate change and mitigation in the agricultural and energy sectors. The country is now rising to the challenge of integrating climate actions in the fast-growing industrial sector.

This project aims to fill in the gaps in industrial-sector green growth strategies at a crucial time in Ethiopia's development. It is expected that the industrial sector, currently growing at a rapid rate, will feature heavily in Ethiopia's ambitious structural transformation agenda. What is unique about Ethiopia's development pathway is that the country has pledged to become a zero net emissions economy by 2025, while also graduating to the ranks of middle income countries. A blueprint for this does not exist yet, which makes Ethiopia's development journey interesting.

The project focuses on four areas:

  • Analysis of industrialisation experiences and pathways in Ethiopia against the backdrop of the green economy strategy.
  • Development of a baseline of three manufacturing sub-sectors with the dual purpose of building an inventory of production and consumption data and assessing the current performance of the subsectors selected, relative to international practice,.
  • Survey of current innovation systems for (greening) industrial development in Ethiopia, and assess existing technical and knowledge gaps.
  • Evaluation of existing governance systems, institutions and policies to explore opportunities for institutional innovation and policy learning.

STEaPP contributors

Yacob Mulugetta
Professor Yacob Mulugetta
Principal Investigator

Mairi Black
Dr Mairi Black 
Research Associate


  • Ethiopian Development Research Institute
  • University of Reading


  • Climate & Knowledge Development Network