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PhD scholarships

If you are applying for a PhD with us, you will need to think about how to fund your studies. Most applicants apply for a scholarship, either from UCL or another funding body.

UCL scholarships

We usually have a number of scholarships available through the Dawes Centre for Future Crime at UCL. These scholarships are offered via collaborations with our partner departments or external organisations and may differ in their details, so please be careful to read the exact requirements for each scholarship before applying. 


DAWES-UCL SECReT scholarships

Up to five scholarships are available for our Route A programme (four-year MRes + PhD) OR Route B programme (three-year PhD, no MRes).

These scholarships are available for pre-set topics or for open topics. Pre-set topics are specific topics that have been suggested by supervisors here at UCL and which they will be happy to supervise. Open topics are topics proposed by the applicant. Further details are below.

Please note: You may apply for either Route A (4 years, i.e. MRes+PhD) or Route B (3 years PhD only) for these scholarships. If you apply for Route B, depending on your background, in instances where we feel that you will benefit substantially from the extra year, we will recommend an offer for the Route A course and will only award a 4-year scholarship to the successful applicant.

EligibilityWhat the awards coverDeadline for applicationHow to apply
These awards are open to UK-level fee paying students only.Each award covers full stipend of approx. £17,631 per annum, full UK-level fees, plus conference funds of £1,200 per annum.15 JULY 2021 However, we advise that you apply early, as we will be awarding the scholarships as soon as we identify excellent candidates.All applications are made through the usual UCL SECReT application procedure. Please visit the Applying for a PhD page on our website for information on the application process.

Pre-set topics

 
Anticipating and governing new threats around autonomous vehicles

Self-driving cars have moved rapidly from being seen as impossible to inevitable. The suggested benefits for public safety and transport systems are substantial, but there are a number of important questions around the security of new systems, the possible inability of drivers to escape dangerous situations (e.g. where a crowd is surrounding a self-driving car), and unclear liability in the event of catastrophe. As transport systems become increasingly interconnected, the possibility for error or terror to have broad ramifications increases. This project, based in UCL Science and Technology Studies, and carried out in close collaboration with Dawes Centre for Future Crime at UCL, will seek to understand the possible opportunities and challenges surrounding self-driving cars or ‘autonomous vehicles’. The research will be mainly qualitative, with the possibility for qualitative analysis of trends and other data. It will suit a candidate with interests and expertise in science and technology policy, law, sociology of science or criminology. The successful candidate likely have a strong first degree and an MA/MSc in a relevant discipline, with interests in combining perspectives from the social sciences, humanities and science and engineering. The student will work closely with the Driverless Futures project, which has been funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). 

Measuring and countering breaches and information theft facilitated by the IoT

Internet connected devices devices are increasingly becoming part of our everyday life. Once everyday objects, such as kettles, doorbells, and televisions are commonly internet connected and collectively represent the Internet of Things (IoT). They may assist in simple tasks at home as well as storing and evaluating personal data about our health or other sensitive information. However, we live in an era where cybercriminals are looking for this information for their own purposes and data breaches are becoming a more and more prominent issue every day. This PhD project aims to measure and understand how IoT devices are affected by these attacks and to develop ways to counter it through cybersecurity frameworks.

Crime as a Service (CaaS)

Unlike many urban acquisitive crimes, cybercrime does not necessarily require offenders to possess technical ability, as those who seek to monetise crime opportunities sometimes operate a crime-as-a-service (CaaS) model. Examples include the hire of Distributed Denial of Service attacks and ransomware exploits. However, other possibilities exist that extend beyond common conceptions of cyber-criminality and fraud. The aim of this PhD would be to (for example) to examine criminal technology markets (supply chains, CTO roles, skills and knowledge transfer) to better understand this emerging issue. 

Development of novel dry-tagging technologies

An exciting opportunity at UCL Institute for Materials Discovery to create new approaches to molecular identification technologies to ‘invisibly’ tag items of value to be fingerprinted at a future date, without the use of classic liquid dispersions which may damage or compromise high value assets. This project will be carried out in close collaboration with Dawes Centre for Future Crime at UCL. This project will aim to develop a solvent-free route to deposit unique molecular signatures without leaving a visible imprint, which may be quickly and easily analysed. The PhD will cover identifying and establishing a tagging route compatible with the remit, synthesis of the tagging agent(s) and development of the deposition process (including construction and adaptation of existing equipment). The project will also explore the engineering of identification technologies for a robust, reliable, and ideally handheld identification unit. The project will consider both intrinsic scientific issues (to be written into academic papers) and potential commercial application, accounting for scalability, cost, and route to exploitation. This postgraduate research opportunity for a successful candidate with a minimum of an upper second-class degree (or equivalent) in Materials Sciences, Chemistry, Chemical Engineering, Physics, and/or a broad range of relevant backgrounds. The multidisciplinary nature of the project requires a candidate with a keen interest in new materials, fabrication technology and engineering, and experience in a laboratory setting. The successful candidate will conduct research in the state-of-the-art new Institute for Materials Discovery laboratory with well-funded equipment and consumables. This highly interdisciplinary research will involve many national and international academic and industrial collaborations, so a desire to proactively interact with industrial partners is highly desirable.

Developing an intervention to protect older people from cybercrime

Older people (aged 60 years or over) are one of the fastest growing demographic groups of novice internet users, commonly using it to access banking, shopping and healthcare management services and for social media and other communication. The growing adaption of internet technology has exposed older adults to threats of online crime. Historically, older people have been a prime target for fraud because of several factors including their relative wealth, loneliness, memory loss, being from a generation characterised by high levels of trust and hesitancy to report the crime to authorities. A move to close down physical bank branches, encouraging their customers to conduct commercial transactions online, has heightened this vulnerability. The current online interfaces that older people use to conduct commercial transactions have a generic design and it is possible that these designs are not supporting older people to negotiate them securely. For example, memory loss has implications for use of passwords and memorable information, and older people may face challenges complying with the technical specifications on secure behaviour. The aim of the PhD is to use stakeholder knowledge to develop appropriate safeguards that support older people to navigate cyberspace safely and protect them from the emerging epidemic of cybercrime victimisation. The PhD student will work with experts from law enforcement, industry (especially banks) and policy makers to deliver pre-emptive interventions for safeguarding older adults who go online. 

Technology-Facilitated Abuse in the Context of Intimate Partner Violence

Note: The submission deadline for this project is 29 January 2021. This project is offered by the Centre for Doctoral Training in Cybersecurity. For full details see information on their website.
Intimate partner violence such as domestic abuse, sexual assault, and stalking describes a continuum of behaviours, ranging from verbal abuse, threats and intimidation, manipulative behaviour, physical and sexual assault, through to rape and homicide. Increasingly, abuse enabled through smartphones, laptops or even emerging technologies such as “smart”, Internet-connected household devices are being at the centre of attention in research, policy, and practice. So-called “technology-facilitated abuse” or “tech abuse” describes the breadth of harmful actions perpetrators may use to harass and intimidate victims and survivors through digital means. 
The proposed PhD project is expected produce unique insights on a specific issue of tech abuse. Existing literature has focused on topics such as image-based abuse (“revenge porn”), malicious software such as “stalkerware”, as well as harms that derive from “Internet of Things” devices. However, more research needs to be conducted to quantify the scale and nature of tech abuse, to examine legal and industry responses, and to design, develop and assess possible interventions. 

The exact remit of the project will be defined by the student in the first year of their PhD and in interaction with their supervisors. However, an aspired vision/topic must be set out at the application stage and showcased in the applicant’s proposal. 

This PhD will run in affiliation with the “Gender and IoT” research project at UCL STEaPP, with the candidate having a chance to gain teaching experience through their contribution to module offerings. 
POTENTIAL SUPERVISORS: The supervisory team for this project will include Dr Leonie Maria Tanczer (UCL STEaPP) and Professor Shane D. Johnson (UCL Security and Crime Science). 

Testing the credibility of future threat models in food fraud

Outline
Synthetic biology and biohacking are together broadening the toolbox available to criminals and their opportunities to commit profitable crime. We propose to edit the genome of equine and other cell lines in a selection of ways intend to render the cells non-detectable by PCR-based tests for horse meat currently under development by the LGC Group and the UK Food Standards Agency (FSA). This ‘ethical hacking’ project will assist agencies such as FSA in anticipating future threats to food authenticity in the context of horse meat and other food fraud scenarios.

Scope
Food fraud is becoming increasingly prevalent within the European food industry, partly due to the pressures faced by producers within the current challenging financial climate and also the international nature of modern food production. The recent Europe-wide issue involving the detection of the undeclared presence of horse meat in beef products destined for human consumption is one high profile example. These and other cases of meat-based food fraud have driven a robust response by the Food Standards Agency, and others, in supporting the establishment of internationally standardised, accurate analytical approaches to the quantitative detection of meat adulteration. These methods are based mostly upon the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for amplifying DNA.

Background
The main drivers of the emerging discipline of synthetic biology are the rapidly decreasing cost of both DNA synthesis and DNA sequencing – both of which are dropping to the level of cheap, commoditised services. In turn, the CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing technology has reached such a high profile because it is as easy to use and low in cost as it is powerfully effective. All these factors have also combined to enable the emergence of the ‘biohacker’ movement, whereby members of the public can take into their own hands, kitchens, sheds and community spaces the tools of molecular bioscience previously restricted to universities and companies.

Potential supervisors
Professor Shane Johnson, UCL Security and Crime Science and Dr Darren Nesbeth, UCL Biochemical Engineering 

Artificial Intelligence for securing cyber-physical systems

Critical national infrastructure (CNI) services such as utilities, manufacturing, transportation systems and healthcare, are becoming increasingly reliant on computer systems that control physical processes (so-called cyber-physical systems (CPS)) over a network. The adoption of new computing capabilities such as Edge computing, IoT sensors with wireless connectivity, and analytics, collectively known as the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is seen as the next logical step in building smart and efficient CPSs in industrial applications such as agriculture, transportation, utilities and manufacturing. The deployment of IIoT into existing and new systems raise security concerns as these devices and networks have vulnerabilities that can be exploited by attackers. These environments are prone to attacks from a wide variety of adversaries with different sets of skills and capabilities such as disgruntled employees, nation-states, organised crime groups, hacktivists, and lone actors. As in other domains, there is an increased surge in applying AI-based models for improving the security of CPS and making the security more proactive. However, the reliability of these solutions are been questioned as attackers also use the same tools, AI-based techniques to design intelligent attacks that evade detection. Areas of interest include but are not limited to: i) investigating the effectiveness of AI-based security solutions in CPS against existing and future attacks; ii) developing AI-based solutions that prevent, detect and respond to attacks in real-time; and iii) developing performance metrics to explain and demonstrate the reliability of the AI-based security solutions. 

Potential Supervisors

Dr Nilufer Tuptuk

If you have a topic that you would like to explore that is not covered by the pre-set topics, you may apply for an ‘open topic’ scholarship. This means you may develop your own idea for a research topic, and then approach academics at UCL to find two potential supervisors, and then apply for one of the DAWES-UCL SECReT scholarships. In this case, please detail your proposed research topic in your application – note that your topic must fit with the future crimes vision and agenda of the Dawes Centre for Future Crime. If you would like to check the suitability of your proposed topic before submitting an application please email Prof Shane Johnson

Remember that although our focus is future crime, this does not mean that we will only award scholarships to ‘high tech’ research topic proposals. We are equally interested in the way that, for instance, changes in society/demographics/people movement might influence crime – and we are happy to consider proposals that combine social sciences with engineering/mathematical/physical sciences. Possible research areas that we are happy to look at include (but are not restricted to) the following:

Applications
  • Drones 
  • Autonomous vehicles
  • Smart rail signalling systems
  • Non-GPS navigation
  • Blockchain 
  • Brainwave reading/control 
  • Smart lighting
  • Performance-enhancing prosthetics
  • Instructional technology
Generic technologies
  • Hyper-connectivity 
  • AI 
  • Robotics/Nanobots 
  • Quantum computing
  • SCADA 
  • 3D printing
  • Mass customisation
  • Portable, renewable power
  • Wearable ICT
  • Smart materials
  • Stealth technologies
  • Sensors, sensor fusion
  • IOT
  • Pharma
  • Chemical synthesis
  • GM/CRISPR
  • Advanced optics
  • Hacking (both senses)
Background changes
  • Climate change e.g. temperature, sea level/acidification, water, food shortage 
  • Mass migration
  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • Commodity scarcities
  • Commodity substitution e.g. Mo for Pt catalysts
  • Universal wage
  • New finance/banking models
  • New working patterns
  • New transport/movement patterns
  • Any concentration or dispersal of value, anywhere in the value chain

About the funders

The Dawes Centre for Future Crime at UCL was established in 2016 with a £3.7M grant from the Dawes Trust. It has the broad vision of completing cutting-edge, application-focused research designed to meet the challenges of the changing nature of crime. Research aims to both forecast the nature and spread of future crime opportunities, and to propose methods for tackling them effectively before they become established. 

UCL SECReT is a £17m international centre for PhD training in security and crime science at University College London, the first centre of its kind in Europe. We offer the most comprehensive integrated PhD programme for students wishing to pursue multidisciplinary security or crime-related research degrees.


CDT Cybersecurity-DAWES scholarships

Two scholarships are available for a September 2021 start for a four-year programme.

EligibilityWhat the awards coverDeadline for applicationHow to apply
These awards are open to UK-level fee paying students only.Each award covers an enhanced full stipend of approx. £19K per annum, full UK-level fees, plus conference funds of £1,200 per annum.To be confirmed. However, we advise that you apply early, as we will be awarding the scholarships as soon as we identify excellent candidates.These scholarships are in partnership with UCL’s new Centre for Doctoral Training (CDT) in Cybersecurity. In order to apply please go to the CDT Cybersecurity website and review the application procedure. N.B. In the application form, where it asks you to note down your funding, please state that you are applying for a 'CDT Cybersecurity-DAWES Scholarship'. Also please note that in order to qualify for one of these scholarships your topic idea will have to fall within the remit of both the CDT Cybersecurity and the Dawes Centre for Future Crime. You can see the type of research the Dawes Centre is currently undertaking by visiting the website.

About the funders

The CDT Cybersecurity is an exciting collaboration between three UCL departments - Computer Science, Security and Crime Science, and Science, Technology, Engineering and Public Policy (STEaPP). This new Centre for Doctoral Training will increase the capacity of the UK to respond to future information and cybersecurity challenges. Through an interdisciplinary approach, the CDT will train cohorts of highly skilled experts drawn from across the spectrum of Engineering and Social Sciences, able to become the next generation of UK leaders in industry and government, public policy, and scientific research.

The Dawes Centre for Future Crime at UCL was established in 2016 with a £3.7M grant from the Dawes Trust. It has the broad vision of completing cutting-edge, application-focused research designed to meet the challenges of the changing nature of crime. Research aims to both forecast the nature and spread of future crime opportunities, and to propose methods for tackling them effectively before they become established. 


Other scholarships

There are other sources of funding available to graduate research students. The UCL website lists some of these, and you can visit external websites such as the Postgraduate Studentships website for funding options external to UCL. Please direct any questions you may have regarding other scholarships to the relevant funding organisation, as we are only able to answer questions about the DAWES-UCL SECReT and CDT Cybersecurity-DAWES scholarships listed above.