SCS News

The sexual exploitation of boys and young men is a much bigger problem than previously thought according to a landmark study

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Research carried out by UCL Security and Crime Science and NatCen, funded by the Nuffield Foundation and supported by Barnardo's underlines the dangers of underestimating the impact of child sexual exploitation on boys and young men.

Understanding Theft of 'Hot Products'. Problem-Oriented Guides for Police, COPS, US Department of Justice

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Kate J Bowers and Shane D Johnson (2013)

The Problem-Oriented Guides for Police summarize knowledge about how police can reduce the harm caused by specific crime and disorder problems. They are guides to preventing problems and improving overall incident response, not to investigating offenses or handling specific incidents.

Copper Cable Theft - Revisting the Price- Theft Hypothesis

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Aiden Sidebottom, Matt Ashby, Shane D. Johnson 

To test the commonly espoused but little examined hypothesis that fluctuations in the price of metal are associated with changes in the volume of metal theft.

Consistency and specificity in burglars who commit prolific residential burglary: Testing the core assumptions underpinning behavioural crime linkage

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Noémie Bouhana, Shane D. Johnson, Mike Porter

Behavioural crime linkage is underpinned by two assumptions: (a) that offenders exhibit some degree of consistency in the way they commit offences (their modus operandi [MO]); and, (b) that offenders can be differentiated on the basis of their offence behaviour. The majority of existing studies sample at most three crimes from an offender's series of detected crimes and do not examine whether patterns differ across offenders. Here, we examine patterns observed across the entire detected series of each sampled offender, and assess how homogeneous patterns are across offenders.

Human trafficking for labour exploitation: Innovative approaches to prevention, prediction and protection

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Dr. Ella Cockbain 

Dr Ella Cockbain has recently been awarded a prestigious Economic and Social Research Council Future Research Leaders Fellowship. The award is for a three-year study into trafficking for labour exploitation, under the mentorship of Professor Kate Bowers. The project is designed to improve understanding of and responses to labour trafficking, which is a recognised priority in the Home Office’s counter-organised crime strategy and research agendum. Key foci include assessing the scope, nature and impacts of labour trafficking and developing predictive models of risk, using empirically-substantiated individual- and area-level risk factors. A combination of qualitative and quantitative methods will support a nuanced, multi-faceted assessment of this complex issue. The study will include a three-month international placement at the Netherlands Centre for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement. The project has the support of the UK Human Trafficking Centre, the National Crime Agency and the Dutch National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings.

An exploratory study of the sexual exploitation of boys and young men in the UK

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 Dr. Ella Cockbain, Dr. Helen Brayley

We are pleased to announce UCL’s participation in a Nuffield-funded study into the sexual exploitation of boys and young men. UCL is working with Barnardo’s and NatCen Social Research on this collaborative project, designed to find out more about the characteristics of male victims, their exploitation and support needs. This scoping study is the first of its kind in the UK to focus specifically on male victims. UCL researchers are conducting a large-scale analysis of over 9,000 suspected CSE cases (led by UCL’s principal investigator Dr Ella Cockbain) and an evidence assessment (led by Dr Helen Brayley). Our partners at NatCen (the consortium lead) are conducting in-depth interviews with professionals. We are working with young people and practitioners to receive feedback on our findings. The study is expected to inform responses to male victims, who have often been overlooked in research, policy and practice.

Lethal Connections: The Determinants of Network Connections in the Provisional Irish Republican Army 1970 -1998

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Paul Gill, Jeongyoon Lee, Karl R. Rethemeyer, John Horgan, Victor Asal

Using stochastic methods we illustrate that the Provisional Irish Republican Army's (PIRA) network is clustered along three primary dimensions: (a) brigade affiliation, (b) whether the member participated in violent activities, and (c) task/role within PIRA.

Risky Facilities: Crime Radiators or Crime Absorbers? A Comparison of Internal and External Levels of Theft

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 Professor K. Bowers (2013)

This paper examines whether the risk of within facility crime affects the risk of crime on the street outside or vice versa. Findings suggest that certain facilities act as ‘crime radiators’, experiencing their own crime problems but also having an impact on crime levels in the immediate external environment.

Geographic Patterns of diffusion in the 2011 London riots

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 Peter Baudains, Shane D. Johnson and Alex Maves Braithwaite

 An article recently published in Applied Geography 45 (2013) 211-219

The role of protection measures and their interaction in determining building vulnerability and resilience to bioterrorism

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Taylor, J., Margaritis, D., Nasir, Z., Borrion, H., & Lai, K. M.

This article has been published in the Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense.

Integrating Environmental Considerations into Prisoner Risk Assessments

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Lisa Tompson & Spencer Chainey (2013)

This article has been published in the European Journal of Probation

Target Choice During Extreme Events : A Discrete Spatial Choice Model of the 2011 London Riots. Criminology.

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Peter Baudains, Alex Braithwaite and Shane D Johnson (2013)

An article published in Criminology was recently published by Wiley online.

A Stab in the Dark: A Research note on Temporal Patterns of Street Robbery

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Lisa Tompson and Kate J Bowers (2013)

Please see link for further details :

Offenses around Stadiums: A Natural Experiment on Crime Attraction and Generation.

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Justin Kurland, Shane D. Johnson and Nick Tilley (2013)

Please see link for further details  :

Spatial, Temporal and Spatio-Temporal Patterns of Maritime Piracy

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Elio Marchione and Shane D. Johnson (2013)

This paper has recently been published in the Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency

Status, gender and geography : power negotiations in police research

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Dr Jyoti Belur has recently had an article published in Qualitative Research (DOI: 10.1177/1468794112468474)

Stop and search, the use of intelligence and geographic targeting

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Spencer Chainey and Ian Macdonald, 2012.

This report presents findings from research carried out in the mid-2000s to
examine the role played by intelligence in police stop and search practices. As
earlier research has suggested that the effective use of intelligence in stop and
search can help improve the effectiveness and the fairness of the power
(Quinton et al 2000), the study focused on three main questions:

Child sexual exploitation and youth offending: A research note

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SECReT DTC PhD students Ella Cockbain and Helen Brayley have recently had an article published in the European Journal of Criminology.

For details of the article click here.

Community Safety Analyst vacancy

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Based in Stockton-on-Tees. The closing date for this vacancy is 31st December 2012 - for further information see our Careers & Vacancies pages.

Spatial Patterns in the 2011 London Riots

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Peter Baudains, Alex Braithwaite and Shane D. Johnson

View full article published in Policing - Oxford Journals (Volume 6, Number 2, 2012)

Preventing Repeat Victimization: A Systematic Review

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Grove, L., Farrell, G., Farrington, D.F, and Johnson, S.D.

 Download full article published by bra Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (11 June 2012)

Seeing Through Walls with a Wireless Router

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Kevin Chetty

 View full article published on PopSci (7 March 2012)

Towards the Modest Predictability of Daily Burglary Counts

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Shane D. Johnson, Kate J. Bowers, and Ken Pease

 View full article published in Policing - Oxford Journals (Volume 6, Number 2, 2012)

Does geographically focused policing displace crime spatially?

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Kate J. Bowers, Shane D. Johnson, Rob T. Guerette, Lucia Summers and Suzanne Poynton

View abstract published in the Journal of Experimental Criminology (Volume 7, Number 4, 2011)

Space–Time Modeling of Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in Iraq

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Alex Braithwaite and Shane D. Johnson

View abstract published in the Journal of Quantitive Criminology (Volume 28, Issue 1, 2012)

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