XClose

Psychiatry

Home
Menu

Published papers

This page shares some of the latest published research papers on loneliness and social isolation in mental health. We make no claims as to their quality and leave you to judge.

A fantastic way to keep up-to-date with the latest loneliness and social isolation research is through the Foundation for Social Connection Social Isolation and Loneliness weekly research reports.  F4SC has taken over the dissemination of the Social Isolation & Loneliness Working Group (SILWG) weekly report. 

Papers published by network leads and co-investigators

Loneliness, Social Isolation & Covid-19

Perkins R, Kaye SL, Zammit BB, Mason-Bertrand A, Spiro N, Williamon A. How arts engagement supported social connectedness during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom: findings from the HEartS Survey. Public Health. 2022 Jun;207:1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2022.03.002

Shah, P., Hardy, J., Birken, M. et al. (2022) What has changed in the experiences of people with mental health problems during the COVID-19 pandemic: a coproduced, qualitative interview study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-022-02254-6

Shah P, Hardy J, Birken B, Foye U, Olive RR, Nyikavaranda P, Dare C, Stefanidou T, Schlief M, Pearce E, Lyons N, Machin K, Jeynes T, Chipp B, Chhapia A, Barber N, Gillard S, Pitman A, Simpson A, Johnson S, Lloyd-Evans B (submitted) What has changed in the experiences of people with mental health problems during the COVID-19 pandemic? Findings from follow-up interviews using a coproduced, participatory qualitative approach. Medrxiv: https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.08.12.21261913v1.full

Gillard, S., Dare, C., Hardy, J, Nyikavaranda, P., Olive, R. R., Shah, P., Birken, M., Foye, U., Ocloo, J., Pearce, E., Stefanidou, T.,Pitman, A., Simpson, A., Johnson, S., Lloyd-Evans, B. (2021) et al. Experiences of living with mental health problems during the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK: a coproduced, participatory qualitative interview study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-021-02051-7

Loneliness, Social Isolation & Mental Health

Lin HC, Chang CC, Chang YP, Chen YL, Yen CF. Associations among Perceived Sexual Stigma from Family and Peers, Internalized Homonegativity, Loneliness, Depression, and Anxiety among Gay and Bisexual Men in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 May 20;19(10):6225. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19106225. PMID: 35627760; PMCID: PMC9141414.

Scott, H.R., Pitman, A. Kozhuharova, P, Lloyd-Evans, B (2020) A systematic review of studies describing the influence of informal social support on psychological wellbeing in people bereaved by sudden or violent causes of death. BMC Psychiatry 20, 265 doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02639-4

Barreto, M., van Breen, J., Victor, C., Hammond, C., Eccles, A., Richins, M. T., & Qualter, P. (2022). Exploring the nature and variation of the stigma associated with loneliness. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 02654075221087190.  https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/02654075221087190

Mann F, Wang J, Pearce E, Ma R, Schlief M, Lloyd-Evans B, Ikhtabi S, Johnson S. Loneliness and the onset of new mental health problems in the general population. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2022 May 18. doi: 10.1007/s00127-022-02261-7. 

Giacco, D., Kirkbride, J.B., Ermakova, A.O. et al. Neighbourhood characteristics and social isolation of people with psychosis: a multi-site cross-sectional study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-021-02190-x

Ikhtabi, S., Pitman, A., Toh, G. et al. (2022) The experience of loneliness among people with a “personality disorder” diagnosis or traits: a qualitative meta-synthesis. BMC Psychiatry 22, 130. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-022-03767-9

LSIMHRN PATHWAYS PLUS PROJECT PAPER: Taylor BL, Howard LM, Jackson K, Johnson S, Mantovani N, Nath S, Sokolova AY, Sweeney A.  (2021) Mums Alone: Exploring the Role of Isolation and Loneliness in the Narratives of Women Diagnosed with Perinatal Depression. Journal of Clinical Medicine 10(11):2271. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10112271

Hards, E., Loades, M.E., Higson-Sweeney, N., Shafran, R. [LSIMHRN co-investigator], Serafimova, T., Brigden, A., Reynolds, S., Crawley, E., Chatburn, E., Linney, C., McManus, M. and Borwick, C. (2021) Loneliness and mental health in children and adolescents with pre-existing mental health problems: A rapid systematic review. Br J Clin Psychol. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12331

Mann F, Wang J, Pearce E, Ma R, Schleif M, Lloyd-Evans B, Johnson S (Preprint: not yet peer reviewed) Loneliness and the onset of new mental health problems in the general population: a systematic review. MedRxiv doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.01.26.21250587

Käll, A., Shafran, R. & Andersson, G. (2021) Exploring Latent Profiles of Psychopathology in a Sample of Lonely People Seeking Treatment. J Psychopathol Behav Assesshttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-021-09870-7

Alasmawi K, Mann F, Lewis G, White S, Mezey G, Lloyd-Evans B. (2020) To what extent does severity of loneliness vary among different mental health diagnostic groups: A cross-sectional study. J Ment Health Nurs. doi: 10.1111/inm.12727.

Käll, A., Shafran, R., Lindegaard, T., Bennett, S., Cooper, Z., Coughtrey, A., & Andersson, G. (2020). A common elements approach to the development of a modular cognitive behavioral theory for chronic loneliness. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 88(3), 269–282. https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000454

Pitman AL, King MB, Marston L, Osborn DP (2020) The association of loneliness after sudden bereavement with risk of suicide attempt: a nationwide survey of bereaved adults. J.Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2020 Jul 18. doi: 10.1007/s00127-020-01921-w.

Wang J, Lloyd-Evans B, Marston L, Mann F, Ma R, Johnson S. (2020) Loneliness as a predictor of outcomes in mental disorders among people who have experienced a mental health crisis: a 4-month prospective study. BMC Psychiatry. 20(1):249. doi: 10.1186/s12888-020-02665-2.

Wang J, Lloyd-Evans B, Marston L, Ma R, Mann F, Solmi F, Johnson S. (2020) Epidemiology of loneliness in a cohort of UK mental health community crisis service users. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 55(7):811-822. doi: 10.1007/s00127-019-01734-6.

Wang, J., Lloyd-Evans, B., Marston, L., Ma, R., Mann, F., Solmi, F., & Johnson, S. (2019). Epidemiology of loneliness in a cohort of UK mental health community crisis service users. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. DOI: 10.1007/s00127-019-01734-6

Wang, J., Mann, F., Lloyd-Evans, B., Ma, R., & Johnson, S. (2018). Associations between loneliness and perceived social support and outcomes of mental health problems: a systematic review. BMC psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1736-5

Loneliness, Social Isolation & Young People

Pearce, E., Myles-Hooton, P., Johnson, Set al. (2021) Loneliness as an active ingredient in preventing or alleviating youth anxiety and depression: a critical interpretative synthesis incorporating principles from rapid realist reviews. Transl Psychiatry 11628. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41398-021-01740-w

Hards, E., Loades, M.E., Higson-Sweeney, N., Shafran, R. [LSIMHRN co-investigator], Serafimova, T., Brigden, A., Reynolds, S., Crawley, E., Chatburn, E., Linney, C., McManus, M. and Borwick, C. (2021) Loneliness and mental health in children and adolescents with pre-existing mental health problems: A rapid systematic review. Br J Clin Psychol. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12331

Achterbergh L, Pitman A, Birken M, Pearce E, Sno H, Johnson, S. (2020) The experience of loneliness among young people with depression: a qualitative meta-synthesis of the literature. S.BMC Psychiatry 20(1):415. doi: 10.1186/s12888-020-02818-3.

Loades ME, Chatburn E, Higson-Sweeney N, Reynolds S, Shafran R, Brigden A, Linney C, McManus MN, Borwick C, Crawley E (2020) Rapid Systematic Review: The Impact of Social Isolation and Loneliness on the Mental Health of Children and Adolescents in the Context of COVID-19. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (2020), doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2020.05.009

Pitman, A., Mann, F., & Johnson, S. (2018). Advancing our understanding of loneliness and mental health problems in young people. The Lancet Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(18)30436-X

Loneliness, Social Isolation & Older Adults

McDaid D, Park A-L. (2021) Modelling the Economic Impact of Reducing Loneliness in Community Dwelling Older People in England. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18(4):1426. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041426

Lee SL, Pearce E, Ajnakina O, Johnson S, Lewis G, Mann F, Pitman A, Solmi F, Sommerlad A, Steptoe A, Tymoszuk U, Lewis G. (2020) The association between loneliness and depressive symptoms among adults aged 50 years and older: a 12-year population-based cohort study. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020 Nov 9:S2215-0366(20)30383-7. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30383-7
Wang J, Lloyd-Evans B, Marston L, Ma R, Mann F, Solmi F, Johnson S. (2020) Epidemiology of loneliness in a cohort of UK mental health community crisis service users. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 55(7):811-822. doi: 10.1007/s00127-019-01734-6.
Tackling Loneliness & Social Isolation

Schlief M, Stefanidou T, Wright T, Levy G, Pitman A, Lewis G (accepted) Promoting inclusivity and acceptance of diverse sexual and gender identities in schools: a Rapid Realist Review of universal interventions to improve mental health. Nature Human Behaviour.  preprint: https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2022.08.02.22277994v1

Liebmann, M., Pitman, A., Hsueh, YC. Bertotti, M, Pearce E. (2022) Do people perceive benefits in the use of social prescribing to address loneliness and/or social isolation? A qualitative meta-synthesis of the literature. BMC Health Serv Res 22, 1264 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-022-08656-1

Wood, C. J., Barton, J. L., & Wicks, C. L. (2022). The Impact of Therapeutic Community Gardening on the Wellbeing, Loneliness, and Life Satisfaction of Individuals with Mental Illness. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health19(20), 13166.

Wheeler, R., Lobley, M., McCann, J., & Phillimore, A. “It's a lonely old world”: Developing a multidimensional understanding of loneliness in farming. Sociologia Ruralis.  https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/soru.12399  

Toh G, Pearce E, Vines J, Ikhtabi S, Birken M, Pitman A, Johnson S. Digital interventions for subjective and objective social isolation among individuals with mental health conditions: a scoping review. BMC Psychiatry. 2022 May 12;22(1):331. doi: 10.1186/s12888-022-03889-0

Hsueh, Y.-C.; Batchelor, R.; Liebmann, M.; Dhanani, A.; Vaughan, L.; Fett, A.-K.; Mann, F.; Pitman, A. A Systematic Review of Studies Describing the Effectiveness, Acceptability, and Potential Harms of Place-Based Interventions to Address Loneliness and Mental Health Problems. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 202219, 4766. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084766

Wang C, Pearce E, Jones R and Lloyd-Evans B (2022) ‘Kindness by Post’: A Mixed-Methods Evaluation of a Participatory Public Mental Health Project. Front. Psychol. 12:813432. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.813432

Hickin N, Käll A, Shafran R [LSIMHRN co-investigator], Sutcliffe S, Manzotti G, Langan D. (2021) The effectiveness of psychological interventions for loneliness: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Psychol Rev. 2021 Aug;88:102066. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2021.102066.

Perkins, R. [LSIMHRN co-investigator], Mason-Bertrand, A., Tymoszuk, U. et al. (2021) Arts engagement supports social connectedness in adulthood: findings from the HEartS Survey. BMC Public Health 21, 1208. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11233-6

Stefanidou, T., Wang, J., Morant, N., Lloyd-Evans, B. & Johnson, S. (2021) et al. Loneliness in early psychosis: a qualitative study exploring the views of mental health practitioners in early intervention services. BMC Psychiatry 21, 134 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-021-03138-w

Käll, A., Backlund, U., Shafran, R., & Andersson, G. (2020). Lonesome no more? A two-year follow-up of internet-administered cognitive behavioral therapy for loneliness. Internet Interventions. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2019.100301

Ma, R., Mann, F., Wang, J., Lloyd-Evans, B., Terhune, J., Al-Shihabi, A., & Johnson, S. (2019). The effectiveness of interventions for reducing subjective and objective social isolation among people with mental health problems: a systematic review. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology. DOI: 10.1007/s00127-019-01800-z

Lloyd-Evans, B., Bone, J. K., Pinfold, V., Lewis, G., Billings, J., Frerichs, J., ... & Johnson, S. (2017). The Community Navigator Study: a feasibility randomised controlled trial of an intervention to increase community connections and reduce loneliness for people with complex anxiety or depression. Trials. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-017-2226-7

Mann, F., Bone, J. K., Lloyd-Evans, B., Frerichs, J., Pinfold, V., Ma, R., ... & Johnson, S. (2017). A life less lonely: the state of the art in interventions to reduce loneliness in people with mental health problems. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-017-1392-y

Further publications

2018

Pitman A., Mann F., Johnson S (2018) Advancing our understanding of loneliness and mental health problems in young people The Lancet Psychiatry 5(12):955-956 doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(18)30436-X

Philip Hyland, Mark Shevlin, et al. Quality not quantity: loneliness subtypes, psychological trauma, and mental health in the US adult population. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 54, 1089–1099 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-018-1597-8

Emily K. Lindsay, Shinzen Young, Kirk Warren Brown, Joshua M. Smyth, J. David Creswell. Mindfulness training reduces loneliness and increases social contact in a randomized controlled trial. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Feb 2019, 116 (9) 3488-3493; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1813588116

Xia Zhao, Dan Zhang, Menglian Wu, Yang Yang, Hui Xie, Yuqin Li, Jihui Jia, Yonggang Su. Loneliness and depression symptoms among the elderly in nursing homes: A moderated mediation model of resilience and social support. Psychiatry Research, Volume 268, 2018, Pages 143-151, ISSN 0165-1781, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.07.011.

Nan Sook Park, Beom S. Lee, David A. Chiriboga, Soondool Chung. Loneliness as a mediator in the relationship between social engagement and depressive symptoms: Age differences among community‐dwelling Korean adults. Health and Social Care, Volume27, Issue3, May 2019, Pages 706-716, https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12687

    2019

    Coughtrey, A., Birken, M., Steare, T., Bennett, S., Johnson, S., Pitman, A., ... & Shafran, R. (2019). Initial evidence review-Strategies for encouraging psychological and emotional resilience in response to loneliness 2019.

    Dagan Y, Yager J. (2019) Addressing Loneliness in Complex PTSD. J Nerv Ment Dis. 207(6):433-439. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000992.PMID: 31045977

    Doğan N, Dikeç G, Uygun E. (2019) Syrian refugees' experiences with mental health services in Turkey: "I felt lonely because I wasn't able to speak to anyone". Perspect Psychiatr Care 55(4):673-680. doi: 10.1111/ppc.12400

    Abdellaoui, A., Sanchez-Roige, S., Sealock, J., Treur, J. L., Dennis, J., Fontanillas, P., ... & van der Zee, M. (2019). Phenome-wide investigation of health outcomes associated with genetic predisposition to loneliness. Human Molecular Genetics. https://doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddz219

    Badcock, J. C., Mackinnon, A., Waterreus, A., Watts, G. F., Castle, D., McGrath, J. J., & Morgan, V. A. (2019). Loneliness in psychotic illness and its association with cardiometabolic disorders. Schizophrenia Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2018.09.021

    Theurer, K. A., Stone, R. I., Suto, M. J., Timonen, V., Brown, S. G., & Mortenson, W. B. (2019). Reducing loneliness and depression: The power of peer mentoring in long-term care. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2019.08.011

    Steffens, N. K., LaRue, C. J., Haslam, C., Walter, Z. C., Cruwys, T., Munt, K. A., ... & Tarrant, M. (2019). Social identification-building interventions to improve health: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Health psychology review. https://doi.org/10.1080/17437199.2019.1669481

    Le, T., Cowan, T., Schwartz, E., Elvevåg, B., Holmlund, T., Foltz, P., . . . Cohen, A. (2019). The importance of loneliness in psychotic-like symptoms: Data from three studies. Psychiatry Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.112625

    Bruce, L., Wu, J., Lustig, S., Russell, D., & Nemecek, D. (2019). Loneliness in the United States: A 2018 National Panel Survey of Demographic, Structural, Cognitive, and Behavioral Characteristics. American Journal of Health Promotion. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0890117119856551

    Ge, S., Pan, W., Wu, B., Plassman, B., & McConnell, E. S. (2019). Longitudinal interrelationship between sensory loss, social support, loneliness, and cognition. Innovation in Aging. DOI: 10.1093/geroni/igz038.3015

    Sun, N., Hua, C., Qiu, X., & Brown, J. S. (2019). The influence of loneliness and rural residence on depression in later life. Innovation in Aging. DOI: 10.1093/geroni/igz038.3051

    Tsai, T. Y., Tseng, H. H., Chi, M. K., Wu, C. S., Yang, Y., Chen, P., & Chang, H. (2019). The interaction of oxytocin and social support, loneliness, and cortisol level in major depression. Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience. https://dx.doi.org/10.9758%2Fcpn.2019.17.4.487

    Zaccaria, D., Casanova, G., & Guaita, A. (2019). Impact of offline and online social networks on loneliness and mental health among italian older people. Innovation in Aging. (PDF)

    Robertson, G. (2019). Understanding the psychological drivers of loneliness: The first step towards developing more effective psychosocial interventions. Quality in Ageing and Older Adults. https://doi.org/10.1108/QAOA-03-2019-0008

    Andrew J. Arnold, Piotr Winkielman, & Karen Dobkins. (2019). Interoception and Social Connection. Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02589

    Bergefurt, L., Kemperman, A., Van den Berg, P., Borgers, A., Van der Waerden, P., Oosterhuis, G., & Hommel, M. (2019). Loneliness and Life Satisfaction Explained by Public-Space Use and Mobility Patterns. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. https://dx.doi.org/10.3390%2Fijerph16214282

    Bernhold, Q. (2019). Parasocial relationships with disliked television characters, depressive symptoms, and loneliness among older adults. Journal of Applied Communication Research. https://doi.org/10.1080/00909882.2019.1679384

    Chau, A., Zhu, C., & So, S. (2019). Loneliness and the psychosis continuum: A meta-analysis on positive psychotic experiences and a meta-analysis on negative psychotic experiences. International Review of Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540261.2019.1636005

    Hsueh, Y., Chen, C., Hsiao, Y., & Lin, C. (2019). A longitudinal, cross-lagged panel analysis of loneliness and depression among community-based older adults. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect. https://doi.org/10.1080/08946566.2019.1660936

    O'Day, E., Morrison, A., Goldin, P., Gross, J., & Heimberg, R. (2019). Social Anxiety, Loneliness, and the Moderating Role of Emotion Regulation. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1521/jscp.2019.38.9.751

    Galway, K., Forbes, T., Mallon, S., Santin, O., Best, P., Neff, J., ... & Pitman, A. (2019). Adapting digital social prescribing for suicide bereavement support: the findings of a consultation exercise to explore the acceptability of implementing digital social prescribing within an existing postvention service. International journal of environmental research and public health. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16224561

    Zhu, X., Huebner, E. S., & Tian, L. (2019). A person-centered longitudinal analysis of adolescents’ loneliness and social anxiety: Clusters, predictors, and outcomes. School Psychology. DOI: 10.1037/spq0000328

    Straatmann, V. S., Lai, E., Lange, T., Campbell, M. C., Wickham, S., Andersen, A. M. N., ... & Taylor-Robinson, D. (2019). How do early-life factors explain social inequalities in adolescent mental health? Findings from the UK Millennium Cohort Study. J Epidemiol Community Health. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2019-212367

    Davis, S. K., Nowland, R., & Qualter, P. (2019). The Role of Emotional Intelligence in the Maintenance of Depression Symptoms and Loneliness Among Children. Frontiers in psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01672

    Fancourt, D., & Tymoszuk, U. (2019). Cultural engagement and incident depression in older adults: evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. The British Journal of Psychiatry. (PDF)

    Tymoszuk, U., Perkins, R., Fancourt, D., & Williamon, A. (2019). Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between receptive arts engagement and loneliness among older adults. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-019-01764-0

    Tymoszuk, U., Perkins, R., Spiro, N., Williamon, A., & Fancourt, D. (2019). Longitudinal associations between short-term, repeated, and sustained arts engagement and well-being outcomes in older adults. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbz085

    Sommerlad, A., Sabia, S., Singh-Manoux, A., Lewis, G., & Livingston, G. (2019). Association of social contact with dementia and cognition: 28-year follow-up of the Whitehall II cohort study. PLoS medicine. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002862

    Haslam, C., Cruwys, T., Chang, M. X. L., Bentley, S. V., Haslam, S. A., Dingle, G. A., & Jetten, J. (2019). GROUPS 4 HEALTH reduces loneliness and social anxiety in adults with psychological distress: Findings from a randomized controlled trial. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology. (PDF)

    Ypsilanti, A., Lazuras, L., Powell, P., & Overton, P. (2019). Self-disgust as a potential mechanism explaining the association between loneliness and depression. Journal of affective disorders. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.09.056

    Maes, M., Nelemans, S. A., Danneel, S., Fernández-Castilla, B., Van den Noortgate, W., Goossens, L., & Vanhalst, J. (2019). Loneliness and social anxiety across childhood and adolescence: Multilevel meta-analyses of cross-sectional and longitudinal associations. Developmental psychology. DOI: 10.1037/dev0000719

    Loveys, K., Fricchione, G., Kolappa, K., Sagar, M., & Broadbent, E. (2019). Reducing Patient Loneliness With Artificial Agents: Design Insights From Evolutionary Neuropsychiatry. Journal of medical Internet research. https://dx.doi.org/10.2196%2F13664

    Hill, E. M., & Hamm, A. (2019). Intolerance of uncertainty, social support, and loneliness in relation to anxiety and depressive symptoms among women diagnosed with ovarian cancer. Psycho‐oncology. (PDF)

    Giano, Z., Hubach, R. D., Deboy, K., Meyers, H., Currin, J. M., & Wheeler, D. L. (2019). A comparative analysis of rural and urban MSM depressive symptomology: the mediating effects of loneliness. Psychology & Sexuality. https://doi.org/10.1080/19419899.2019.1593885

    Yavuzer, Y., Albayrak, G., & Kılıçarslan, S. (2019). Relationships amongst aggression, self-theory, loneliness, and depression in emerging adults. Psychological reports. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0033294118784866

    Chu, H. Y., Chen, M. F., Tsai, C. C., Chan, H. S., & Wu, T. L. (2019). Efficacy of a horticultural activity program for reducing depression and loneliness in older residents of nursing homes in Taiwan. Geriatric Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gerinurse.2018.12.012

    Barros, P., Fat, L. N., Garcia, L. M., Slovic, A. D., Thomopoulos, N., de Sá, T. H., ... & Mindell, J. S. (2019). Social consequences and mental health outcomes of living in high-rise residential buildings and the influence of planning, urban design and architectural decisions: A systematic review. Cities. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2019.05.015

    Martínez-Vispo, C., López-Durán, A., Rodríguez-Cano, R., Fernández del Río, E., Senra, C., & Becoña, E. (2019). Effect of Depressive Symptoms and Sex on the Relationship Between Loneliness and Cigarette Dependence: A Moderated Mediation. The Journal of psychology. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2019.1598929

    Liang, D., Teng, M., & Xu, D. (2019). Impact of perceived social support on depression in Chinese rural‐to‐urban migrants: The mediating effects of loneliness and resilience. Journal of community psychology. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22215

    Loboprabhu, S., & Molinari, V. (2019). Appreciating the 4 "Ts" of Loneliness When Providing Psychiatric Care for the Lonely Patient. Journal of Psychiatric Practice. DOI: 10.1097/PRA.0000000000000416

    Wang, J., Lloyd-Evans, B., Marston, L., Ma, R., Mann, F., Solmi, F., & Johnson, S. (2019). Epidemiology of loneliness in a cohort of UK mental health community crisis service users. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-019-01734-6

    Mund, M., Freuding, M. M., Möbius, K., Horn, N., & Neyer, F. J. (2019). The Stability and Change of Loneliness Across the Life Span: A Meta-Analysis of Longitudinal Studies. Personality and Social Psychology Review. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/u26ky

    Ejlskov, L., Bøggild, H., Kuh, D., & Stafford, M. (2019). Social relationship adversities throughout the lifecourse and risk of loneliness in later life. Ageing & Society. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X19000345

    Matthews, T., Odgers, C. L., Danese, A., Fisher, H. L., Newbury, J. B., Caspi, A., ... & Arseneault, L. (2019). Loneliness and neighborhood characteristics: a multi-informant, nationally representative study of young adults. Psychological science. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0956797619836102

    Lim, M. H., Gleeson, J. F., Rodebaugh, T. L., Eres, R., Long, K. M., Casey, K., ... & Penn, D. L. (2019). A pilot digital intervention targeting loneliness in young people with psychosis. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-019-01681-2

    White, R., Haddock, G., & Varese, F. (2019). Supporting the intimate relationship needs of service users with psychosis: what are the barriers and facilitators? Journal of Mental Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638237.2019.1608928

    Lara, E., Martín-María, N., De la Torre-Luque, A., Koyanagi, A., Vancampfort, D., Izquierdo, A., & Miret, M. (2019). Does loneliness contribute to mild cognitive impairment and dementia? A systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Ageing research reviews. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arr.2019.03.002

    Moeller, R. W., & Seehuus, M. (2019). Loneliness as a mediator for college students' social skills and experiences of depression and anxiety. Journal of adolescence. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.03.006

    Dagan, Y., & Yager, J. (2019). Addressing Loneliness in Complex PTSD. The Journal of nervous and mental disease. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000992

    Park, N. S., Lee, B. S., Chiriboga, D. A., & Chung, S. (2019). Loneliness as a mediator in the relationship between social engagement and depressive symptoms: Age differences among community‐dwelling Korean adults. Health & social care in the community. https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12687

    Lindsay, E. K., Young, S., Brown, K. W., Smyth, J. M., & Creswell, J. D. (2019). Mindfulness training reduces loneliness and increases social contact in a randomized controlled trial. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1813588116

    Zhao, X., Zhang, D., Wu, M., Yang, Y., Xie, H., Li, Y. & Su, Y. (2018). Loneliness and depression symptoms among the elderly in nursing homes: a moderated mediation model of resilience and social support. Psychiatry research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.07.011

    Hyland, P., Shevlin, M., Cloitre, M., Karatzias, T., Vallières, F., McGinty, G., ... & Power, J. M. (2019). Quality not quantity: loneliness subtypes, psychological trauma, and mental health in the US adult population. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-018-1597-8

    Maes, M., Qualter, P., Vanhalst, J., Van den Noortgate, W., & Goossens, L. (2019). Gender Differences in Loneliness Across the Lifespan: A Meta‐Analysis. European Journal of Personality. https://doi.org/10.1002/per.2220

    Tan, J. H., Abdin, E., Shahwan, S., Zhang, Y., Sambasivam, R., Vaingankar, J. A., ... & Subramaniam, M. (2019). Happiness and cognitive impairment among older adults: investigating the mediational roles of disability, depression, social contact frequency, and loneliness. International journal of environmental research and public health. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16244954

    Shah, S. G. S., Nogueras, D., van Woerden, H., & Kiparoglou, V. (2019). Effectiveness of digital technology interventions to reduce loneliness in adults: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ open. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032455

    Chang, E. C., Tian, W., Jiang, X., Yi, S., Liu, J., Bai, Y., ... & Li, M. (2020). Beyond the role of loneliness in psychological ill-being and well-being in females: Do social problem-solving processes still matter? Personality and Individual Differences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2019.109729

    Yildirim, T., & Kavak Budak, F. (2020). The relationship between internalized stigma and loneliness in patients with schizophrenia. Perspectives in psychiatric care. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppc.12399

    Bergefurt L, Kemperman A, van den Berg P, Borgers A, van der Waerden P, Oosterhuis G, Hommel M. (2019) Loneliness and Life Satisfaction Explained by Public-Space Use and Mobility Patterns. Int J Environ Res Public Health. Nov 4;16(21):4282 10.3390/ijerph16214282.

    2020

    Scott, H.R., Pitman, A. Kozhuharova, P, Lloyd-Evans, B (2020) A systematic review of studies describing the influence of informal social support on psychological wellbeing in people bereaved by sudden or violent causes of death. BMC Psychiatry 20, 265 doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02639-4

    Akhter-Khan SC & Au R (2020) Why Loneliness Interventions Are Unsuccessful: A Call for Precision Health. Adv Geriatr Med Res 2(3):e200016. https://doi.org/10.20900/agmr20200016

    Noguchi T, Saito M, Aida J, Cable N, Tsuji T, Koyama S, Ikeda T, Osaka K, Kondo K. (2021) Association between social isolation and depression onset among older adults: a cross-national longitudinal study in England and Japan.BMJ Open. 2021 Mar 18;11(3):e045834. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-045834.

    Martín-María N, Caballero FF, Lara E, Domènech-Abella J, Haro JM, Olaya B, Ayuso-Mateos JL, Miret M. (2021) Effects of transient and chronic loneliness on major depression in older adults: A longitudinal study. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2021 Jan;36(1):76-85. doi: 10.1002/gps.5397.

    Cosco T, Fortuna K, Wister A, Riadi I, Wagner K, Sixsmith A. (2021) COVID-19, social isolation, and the mental health of older adults: A digital catch-22.J Med Internet Res. 2021 Apr 15. doi: 10.2196/21864.

    Morgan DJ, Burholt V.J (2020) Loneliness as a Biographical Disruption-Theoretical Implications for Understanding Changes in Loneliness. Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2020 Oct 16;75(9):2029-2039. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbaa097.

    Zovetti N, Rossetti MG, Perlini C, Brambilla P, Bellani M. (2021) Neuroimaging studies exploring the neural basis of social isolation. Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci. 2021 Apr 6;30:e29. doi: 10.1017/S2045796021000135.

    O'Sullivan R, Lawlor B, Burns A, Leavey G (2020) Will the pandemic reframe loneliness and social isolation? The Lancet Healthy Longevity https://doi.org/10.1016/S2666-7568(20)30066-0

    Jaspal R, Breakwell GM. (2020) Socio-economic inequalities in social network, loneliness and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Soc Psychiatry. doi: 10.1177/0020764020976694.

    Lee, C. M., Cadigan, J. M., & Rhew, I. C. (2020). Increases in Loneliness Among Young Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Association With Increases in Mental Health Problems. The Journal of adolescent health 67(5), 714–717.
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.08.009.

    Veronese N, Galvano D, D'Antiga F, Vecchiato C, Furegon E, Allocco R, Smith L, Gelmini G, Gareri P, Solmi M, Yang L, Trabucchi M, De Leo D, Demurtas (2020) Interventions for reducing loneliness: An umbrella review of intervention studies. J. Health Soc Care Community. doi: 10.1111/hsc.13248.


    Nenov-Matt T, Barton BB, Dewald-Kaufmann J, Goerigk S, Rek S, Zentz K, Musil R, Jobst A, Padberg F, Reinhard MA. (2020) Loneliness, Social Isolation and Their Difference: A Cross-Diagnostic Study in Persistent Depressive Disorder and Borderline Personality Disorder. Front Psychiatry 11:608476. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.608476. 

    Spreng RN, Dimas E, Mwilambwe-Tshilobo L, Dagher A, Koellinger P, Nave G, Ong A, Kernbach JM, Wiecki TV, Ge T, Li Y, Holmes AJ, Yeo BTT, Turner GR, Dunbar RIM, Bzdok D. (2020) The default network of the human brain is associated with perceived social isolation. Nat Commun.11(1):6393. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-20039-w.

    Horigian VE, Schmidt RD, Feaster DJ. (2020) Loneliness, Mental Health, and Substance Use among US Young Adults during COVID-19. J Psychoactive Drugs. doi:10.1080/02791072.2020.1836435

    Lee, C. M., Cadigan, J. M., & Rhew, I. C. (2020). Increases in Loneliness Among Young Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Association With Increases in Mental Health Problems. The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine67(5), 714–717. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.08.009

    Zhou J, Li X, Tian L, Huebner ES. (2020) Longitudinal association between low self-esteem and depression in early adolescents: The role of rejection sensitivity and loneliness. Psychol Psychother. doi: 10.1111/papt.122077.

    Robb CE, de Jager CA, Ahmadi-Abhari S, Giannakopoulou P, Udeh-Momoh C, McKeand J, Price G, Car J, Majeed A, Ward H, Middleton L. (2020) Associations of Social Isolation with Anxiety and Depression During the Early COVID-19 Pandemic: A Survey of Older Adults in London, UK. Front Psychiatry. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.591120.

    Santini ZI, Jose PE, Cornwell EY et al (2020) Social disconnectedness, perceived isolation, and symptoms of depression and anxiety among older Americans (NSHAP): a longitudinal mediation analysis. The Lancet 5(1): E62-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(19)30230-0

    Lim MH, Penn DL, Thomas N, Gleeson JFM. (2020) Is loneliness a feasible treatment target in psychosis? Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 5(7):901-906. doi: 10.1007/s00127-019-01731-9.

    Conwell Y, Van Orden K et al (2020) Peer Companionship for Mental Health of Older Adults in Primary Care: A Pragmatic, Nonblinded, Parallel-Group, Randomized Controlled Trial. AJGP. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2020.05.021

    Victor CR, Isla Rippon, I  et al (2020) Prevalence and determinants of loneliness in people living with dementia: Findings from the IDEAL programme. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 35 (8): 851-858. https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.5305

    Matthews T, Caspi A, Danese A, Fisher HL, Moffitt TE, Arseneault L. (2020) A longitudinal twin study of victimization and loneliness from childhood to young adulthood. Dev Psychopathol. 2020 Oct 13:1-11. doi: 10.1017/S0954579420001005.

    Special Issue of Transcultural Psychiatry on Loneliness from anthropoligcal perspectives: Volume 57 (5), October 2020.

    Bu, F., Steptoe, A., & Fancourt, D. (2020). Who is lonely in lockdown? Cross-cohort analyses of predictors of loneliness before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Public health, 186, 31–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2020.06.036

    Groarke JM, Berry E, Graham-Wisener L, McKenna-Plumley PE, McGlinchey E, et al. (2020) Loneliness in the UK during the COVID-19 pandemic: Cross-sectional results from the COVID-19 Psychological Wellbeing Study. PLOS ONE 15(9): e0239698. https://dx.doi.org/10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0239698

    Lewis K.J  (2020) COVID-19: Preliminary Data on the Impact of Social Distancing on Loneliness and Mental Health. Psychiatr Pract. 26(5):400-404. doi: 10.1097/PRA.0000000000000488.

    Salway S, Such E, Preston L, et al. (2020) Reducing loneliness among migrant and ethnic minority people: a participatory evidence synthesis. Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library (Public Health Research, No. 8.10.) doi: 10.3310/phr0810

    Papagavriel K, Jones R, Sheehan R, Hassiotis A, Ali A. (2020) The association between loneliness and common mental disorders in adults with borderline intellectual impairment. J Affective Disord 277:954-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.09.005

    Ludwig KA, Nye LN, Simmons GL, Jarskog LF, Pinkham AE, Harvey PD, Penn DL. (2020) Correlates of loneliness among persons with psychotic disorders. Soc  Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 55(5):549-559. doi: 10.1007/s00127-019-01789-5.

    Kiely KM, Sutherland G, Butterworth P, Reavley NJ. (2020) Age and gender differences in the reciprocal relationship between social connectedness and mental health. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. doi: 10.1007/s00127-020-01960-3.

    Wakefield JRH, Bowe M, Kellezi B, Butcher A, Groeger JA. (2020) Longitudinal associations between family identification, loneliness, depression, and sleep quality. Br J Health Psychol. 25(1):1-16. doi: 10.1111/bjhp.12391.

    Heatley Tejada A, Dunbar RIM, Montero M. (2020) Physical Contact and Loneliness: Being Touched Reduces Perceptions of Loneliness. Adapt Human Behav Physiol. 2020 May 26:1-15. doi: 10.1007/s40750-020-00138-0.

    Akhter-Khan SC, Au R. (2020) Why loneliness interventions are unsuccessful: A call for precision health. Adv Geriatr Med Res. 2(3):e200016. https://doi.org/10.20900/agmr20200016

    Emerson E, Fortune N, Llewellyn G, Stancliffe R. (2020) Loneliness, social support, social isolation and wellbeing among working age adults with and without disability: Cross sectional study. Disabil Health J. doi: 10.1016/j.dhjo.2020.100965.

    Simcock G, Andersen T, McLoughlin LT, Beaudequin D, Parker M, Clacy A, Lagopoulos J, Hermens DF. (2020) Suicidality in 12-Year-Olds: The Interaction Between Social Connectedness and Mental Health. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. doi: 10.1007/s10578-020-01048-8.

    Eccles, AM & Qualter, P (2020) Review: Alleviating loneliness in young people – a meta‐analysis of interventions. Child & Adolescent Mental Health. https://doi.org/10.1111/camh.12389

    Eccles, A. M., Qualter, P., Madsen, K. R., & Holstein, B. E. (2020). Loneliness in the lives of Danish adolescents: Associations with health and sleep. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494819865429
     
    Bzdok, D., & Dunbar, R. I. M. (2020). The Neurobiology of Social Distance. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2020.05.016

    Solmi, M et al (2020) Factors Associated With Loneliness: An Umbrella Review Of Observational Studies. Journal of Affective Disorders 271: 131-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.03.075

    Li LZ, & Wang S. (2020 Prevalence and predictors of general psychiatric disorders and loneliness during COVID-19 in the United Kingdom. Psychiatry Res. 291:113267. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113267.

    Tetteh J, Fordjour G, Ekem-Ferguson G, Yawson AO, Boima V, Entsuah-Mensah K, Biritwum R, Essuman A, Mensah G, Yawson AE. (2020) Visual impairment and social isolation, depression and life satisfaction among older adults in Ghana: analysis of the WHO's Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) Wave 2. BMJ Open Ophthalmol. (1):e000492. doi: 10.1136/bmjophth-2020-000492.

    van Tilburg TG. (2020) Social, emotional and existential loneliness: A test of the multidimensional concept. Gerontologist.  doi: 10.1093/geront/gnaa082.

    Rice S, O'Bree B, Wilson M, McEnery C, Lim MH, Hamilton M, Gleeson J, Bendall S, D'Alfonso S, Russon P, Valentine L, Cagliarini D, Howell S, Miles C, Pearson M, Nicholls L, Garland N, Mullen E, McGorry PD, Alvarez-Jimenez M.  (2020) Leveraging the social network for treatment of social anxiety: Pilot study of a youth-specific digital intervention with a focus on engagement of young men.  Internet Interv. doi: 10.1016/j.invent.2020.100323.

    Niu, Lu; Jia, Cunxian; Ma, Zhenyu; Wang, Guojun; Sun, Bin; Zhang, Dexing; Zhou, Liang (2020) Loneliness, hopelessness and suicide in later life: a case-control psychological Auropsy study in rural China. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences 29. DOI: 10.1017/S2045796020000335 Holmes, E A, O'Connor RC et al (2020) Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: a call for action for mental health science. Lancet Psychiatry 7: 547-560. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30168-1

    Losada-Baltar, Andrés; Jiménez-Gonzalo, Lucía; Gallego-Alberto, Laura; Pedroso-Chaparro, María del Sequeros; Fernandes-Pires, José; Márquez-González, María (2020) "We're Staying at Home". Association of Self-Perceptions of Aging, Personal and Family Resources and Loneliness With Psychological Distress During the Lock-Down Period of COVID-19. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. DOI: 10.1093/geronb/gbaa048

    Malagón-Amor Á, Martín-López LM, Córcoles D, González A, Bellsolà M, Teo AR, Bulbena A, Pérez V, Bergé D. (2020 ) Family Features of Social Withdrawal Syndrome (Hikikomori). Front Psychiatry. Mar 2;11:138. 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00138.

    Theurer KA, Stone RI, Suto MJ, Timonen V, Brown SG, Mortenson W Ben. (2020) The Impact of Peer Mentoring on Loneliness, Depression, and Social Engagement in Long-Term Care. J Appl Gerontol.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0733464820910939

    Menec VH, Newall NE, Mackenzie CS, Shooshtari S, Nowicki S. (2020) Examining social isolation and loneliness in combination in relation to social support and psychological distress using Canadian Longitudinal Study of Aging (CLSA) data. PLoS One. 15(3):e0230673. Published 2020 Mar 23. https://doi.org/ 10.1371/journal.pone.0230673

    Griffin SC, Williams AB, Ravyts SG, Mladen SN, Rybarczyk BD. (2020) Loneliness and sleep: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Health Psychol Open. Apr 4;7(1):2055102920913235. https://doi.org/10.1177/2055102920913235 

    Whitley R, Zhou JW. Clueless (2020) An ethnographic study of young men who participate in the seduction community with a focus on their psychosocial well-being and mental health PLoS One 15(2):1–29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0229719

    Jeste DV, Lee EE, Cacioppo S. (2020) Battling the Modern Behavioral Epidemic of Loneliness: Suggestions for Research and Interventions. JAMA Psychiatry. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.0027

    Smith K, Gravey S, Rlddell, NE, Kontari P, Victor C (2020) The association between loneliness, social isolation and inflammation: A systemative review and meta-analysis. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral reviews 112:529--541. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2020.02.002

    Kiesow H, Dunbar RIM, Kable JW, Kalenscher T, Vogeley K, Schilbach L, et al. (2020) 10,000 social brains: Sex differentiation in human brain anatomy. Sci Adv 6(12):eaaz1170. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaz1170

    Fancourt D, Baxter L, Lorencatto (2020) Barriers and enablers to engagement in participatory arts activities amongst individuals with depression and anxiety: quantitative analyses using a behaviour change framework. BMC Public Health 20:272. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-8337-1

    Leite Â, Ramires A, Amorim S, Pedrosa E Sousa HF, Vidal DG, Dinis MAP. (2020) Psychopathological symptoms and loneliness in adult internet users: A contemporary public health concern. Int J Environ Res Public Health 17(3):1–17. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030856

    Taylor, CT, Pearlstein, SL & Stein, MB. (2020) A tale of two systems: Testing a positive and negative valence systems framework to understand social disconnection across anxiety and depressive disorders. Journal of Affective Disorders 266: 207-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.041

    Piteo EM, Ward K. (2020) Review: Social networking sites and associations with depressive and anxiety symptoms in children and adolescents – a systematic review. Child Adolesc Ment Health. https://doi.org/10.1111/camh.12373

    Domènech-Abella J, Switsers L, Mundó J, Dierckx E, Dury S, De Donder L. (2020) The association between perceived social and physical environment and mental health among older adults: mediating effects of loneliness. Aging Ment Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2020.1727853.

    Teo AR, Marsh HE, Ono SS, Nicolaidis C, Saha S, Dobscha SK. (2020) The Importance of "Being There": a Qualitative Study of What Veterans with Depression Want in Social Support. J Gen Intern Med. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-05692-7.

    Larson H, Simas C, Horton, R (2020) The emotional determinants of health: The Lancet–London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine Commission, The Lancet 395 (10226): 768-769. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30050-7

    Fu YY, Ji XW. (2020) Intergenerational relationships and depressive symptoms among older adults in urban China: The roles of loneliness and insomnia symptoms. Health Soc Care Community. doi: 10.1111/hsc.12964

    Blom V, Kallings L V., Ekblom B, Wallin P, Andersson G, Hemmingsson E, et al. (2020) Self-reported general health, overall and work-related stress, loneliness, and sleeping problems in 335,625 Swedish adults from 2000 to 2016. Int J Environ Res Public Health 17(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020511

    Gibney, S., Moore, T. and Shannon, S. (2019), Loneliness in later life: a cross-sectional survey analysis of place-based factors in Ireland, Quality in Ageing and Older Adults, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 80-96. https://doi.org/10.1108/QAOA-04-2018-0015

    Holding E, Thompson J, Foster A, Haywood A. (2020) Connecting communities: A qualitative investigation of the challenges in delivering a national social prescribing service to reduce loneliness. Health Soc Care Community. doi: 10.1111/hsc.12976.

    Elhai JD, Gallinari EF, Rozgonjuk D, Yang H.  (2020) Depression, anxiety and fear of missing out as correlates of social, non-social and problematic smartphone use. Addict Behav 105:106335. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106335.

    Ofei-Dodoo, S., Ebberwein, C., & Kellerman, R. (2020). Assessing Loneliness and Other Types of Emotional Distress among Practicing Physicians. Kansas journal of medicine, 13, 1–5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7006831/

    Esmaeilzadeh S, Oz F. (2020) Effect of psychosocial care model applied in an “elderly day care center” on loneliness, depression, quality of life, and elderly attitude. Niger J Clin Pract23:189-97. http://www.njcponline.com/text.asp?2020/23/2/189/277865

    Southwick SM, Southwick FS. (2020) The Loss of Social Connectedness as a Major Contributor to Physician Burnout: Applying Organizational and Teamwork Principles for Prevention and Recovery. JAMA Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.4800

    Quach LT, Burr JA.Aging Ment Health.  (2020) Perceived social isolation, social disconnectedness and falls: the mediating role of depression. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2020.1732294.

    Costa RPO, Peixoto ALRP, Peixoto CCAL, Falcão DN, Farias JTDS, Viana LFP, Pereira MAA, Sandes MLB, Lopes TB, Mousinho KC, Filho EMT.  (2020) Profile of non-suicidal self-injury in adolescents: interface with impulsiveness and loneliness. J Pediatr. doi: 10.1016/j.jped.2020.01.006.

    T’ng ST, Ho KH, Sim DE, Yu CH, Wong PY. (2020) The mediating effect of Internet gaming disorder’s symptoms on loneliness and aggression among undergraduate students and working adults in Malaysia. PsyCh J. 9(1):96–107. https://doi.org/10.1002/pchj.320

    Allen, K. A. (2020). Commentary: A pilot digital intervention targeting loneliness in youth mental health. Frontiers in Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00959

    Fakoya, O. A., McCorry, N. K., & Donnelly, M. (2020). Loneliness and social isolation interventions for older adults: a scoping review of reviews. BMC Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-8251-6

    McHugh Power, J., Hannigan, C., Hyland, P., Brennan, S., Kee, F., & Lawlor, B. A. (2020). Depressive symptoms predict increased social and emotional loneliness in older adults. Aging & Mental Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2018.1517728

    Payne, K., Walton, E., & Burton, C. (2020). Steps to benefit from social prescription: a qualitative interview study. British Journal of General Practice. https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp19X706865

    Tsai, H. H., Cheng, C. Y., Shieh, W. Y., & Chang, Y. C. (2020). Effects of a smartphone-based videoconferencing program for older nursing home residents on depression, loneliness, and quality of life: A quasi-experimental study. BMC Geriatrics. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-020-1426-2

    Wakefield, J. R., Bowe, M., Kellezi, B., Butcher, A., & Groeger, J. A. (2020). Longitudinal associations between family identification, loneliness, depression, and sleep quality. British Journal of Health Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12391

    Quadt, L., Esposito, G., Critchley, H.D., Garfinkel, S.N. (2020). Brain-body interactions underlying the association of loneliness with mental and physical health.  Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 116 283-300. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2020.06.015

    Elmer T, Geschwind N, Peeters F, Wichers M, Bringmann L. (2020) Getting stuck in social isolation: Solitude inertia and depressive symptoms. J Abnorm Psychol. 129(7):713-723. doi: 10.1037/abn0000588.

     

    2021

    LSIMHRN members are shown in bold.

    Gillard, S., Dare, C., Hardy, J, Nyikavaranda, P., Olive, R. R., Shah, P., Birken, M., Foye, U., Ocloo, J., Pearce, E., Stefanidou, T.,Pitman, A., Simpson, A., Johnson, S., Lloyd-Evans, B. (2021) et al. Experiences of living with mental health problems during the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK: a coproduced, participatory qualitative interview study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-021-02051-7

    Saul H, Gursul D. (2021) Loneliness is strongly linked to depression among older adults, a long term study suggests. BMJ. 2021 Oct 29;375:n2524. doi: 10.1136/bmj.n2524. This Practice NIHR Alert piece discusses a paper by LSIMHRN members available here.

    Nowland R, Thomson G, McNally L, Smith T, Whittaker K. (2021) Experiencing loneliness in parenthood: a scoping review. Perspect Public Health. 2021 Jul;141(4):214-225. doi: 10.1177/17579139211018243

    Mansfield L, Victor C, Meads C, Daykin N, Tomlinson A, Lane J, Gray K, Golding A. A Conceptual Review of Loneliness in Adults: Qualitative Evidence Synthesis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11522. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111522.

    Christiansen J, Qualter P, Friis K, Pedersen SS, Lund R, Andersen CM, Bekker-Jeppesen M, Lasgaard M. (2021) Associations of loneliness and social isolation with physical and mental health among adolescents and young adults. Perspect Public Health. 2021 Jul;141(4):226-236. doi: 10.1177/17579139211016077

    Hoffman SN, Thomas ML, Pearlstein SL, Kakaria S, Oveis C, Stein MB, Taylor CT. Psychometric Evaluation of a Controlled Social Affiliation Paradigm: Findings From Anxiety, Depressive Disorder, and Healthy Samples. Behav Ther. 2021 Nov;52(6):1464-1476. doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2021.04.003

    Vogel JS, Bruins J, de Jong S, Knegtering H, Bartels-Velthuis AA; PHAMOUS Investigators, Bruggeman R, Jörg F, Pijnenborg MGHM, Veling W, Visser E, van der Gaag M, Castelein S. Satisfaction with social connectedness as a predictor for positive and negative symptoms of psychosis: A PHAMOUS study. Schizophr Res. 2021 Oct 13;238:121-127. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2021.10.004

    Osborn T, Weatherburn P, French RS. Interventions to address loneliness and social isolation in young people: A systematic review of the evidence on acceptability and effectiveness. J Adolesc. 2021 Oct 15;93:53-79. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2021.09.007

    Iwakabe S. Working with social withdrawal, or hikikomori, in Japan: From shame to pride. J Clin Psychol. 2021 May;77(5):1205-1218. doi: 10.1002/jclp.23151

    Cimino, S., Cerniglia, L. (2021)  The capacity to be alone moderates psychopathological symptoms and social networks use in adolescents during the covid‐19 pandemic Open Access      International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(21), art. no. 11033. doi 10.3390/ijerph182111033.

    Leathem, L.D., Currin, D.L., Montoya, A.K., Karlsgodt, K.H. (2021) Socioemotional mechanisms of loneliness in subclinical psychosis Schizophrenia Research, 238, pp. 145-151. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2021.10.002.

    Dayson C, Harris C, Woodward A. Voluntary sector interventions to address loneliness and mental health in older people: taking account of emotional, psychological and social wellbeing. Perspect Public Health. 2021 Jul;141(4):237-243. doi: 10.1177/17579139211017580

    Freyhofer S, Ziegler N, de Jong EM, Schippers MC. Depression and Anxiety in Times of COVID-19: How Coping Strategies and Loneliness Relate to Mental Health Outcomes and Academic Performance. Front Psychol. 2021 Oct 25;12:682684. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.682684

    Fortuna KL, Ferron J, Bianco CL, Santos MM, Williams A, Williams M, Mois G, Pratt SI. Loneliness and its Association with Health Behaviors in People with a Lived Experience of a Serious Mental Illness. Psychiatr Q. 2021 Mar;92(1):101-106. doi: 10.1007/s11126-020-09777-8. 

    Garabrant AA, Liu CJ. Loneliness and Activity Engagement Among Rural Homebound Older Adults With and Without Self-Reported Depression. Am J Occup Ther. 2021 Sep 1;75(5):7505205100. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2021.043828

    Members of the Closing the Gap network Gilbody S, Littlewood E, McMillan D, Chew-Graham CA, Bailey D, et al. (2021) Behavioural activation to prevent depression and loneliness among socially isolated older people with long-term conditions: The BASIL COVID-19 pilot randomised controlled trial. PLOS Medicine 18(10): e1003779. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1003779

    O’Sullivan R, Burns A, Leavey G, Leroi I, Burholt V, Lubben J, Holt-Lunstad J, Victor C, Lawlor B, Vilar-Compte M, Perissinotto CM, Tully MA, Sullivan MP, Rosato M, Power JM, Tiilikainen E, Prohaska TR. (2021) Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Loneliness and Social Isolation: A Multi-Country Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18(19):9982. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18199982

    Culbreth, A. J., Barch, D. M., & Moran, E. K. (2021). An ecological examination of loneliness and social functioning in people with schizophrenia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/abn0000706

    Schiltz HK, McVey AJ, Dolan Wozniak B, Haendel AD, Stanley R, Arias A, Gordon N, Van Hecke AV. (2021) The role of loneliness as a mediator between autism features and mental health among autistic young adults. Autism. 2021 Feb;25(2):545-555. doi: 10.1177/1362361320967789

    Das A, Padala KP, Crawford CG, Teo A, Mendez DM, Phillips OA, Wright BC, House S, Padala PR. (2021) A systematic review of loneliness and social isolation scales used in epidemics and pandemics. Psychiatry Res. 2021 Oct 8;306:114217. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2021.114217

    Almeida ILL, Rego JF, Teixeira ACG, Moreira MR. (2021) Social isolation and its impact on child and adolescent development: a systematic review. Rev Paul Pediatr. 2021 Oct 4;40:e2020385. English, Portuguese. doi: 10.1590/1984-0462/2022/40/2020385.

    Gu S, He Z, Sun L, Jiang Y, Xu M, Feng G, Ma X, Wang F, Huang JH. (2021) Effects of Coronavirus-19 Induced Loneliness on Mental Health: Sleep Quality and Intolerance for Uncertainty as Mediators. Front Psychiatry. 2021 Sep 21;12:738003. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2021.738003.

    Fardghassemi, S., & Joffe, H. (2021). Young Adults' Experience of Loneliness in London's Most Deprived Areas. Frontiers in psychology12, 660791. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.660791

    Nowland R, Thomson G, McNally L, Smith T, Whittaker K. (2021) Experiencing loneliness in parenthood: a scoping review. Perspect Public Health. 2021 Jul;141(4):214-225. doi: 10.1177/17579139211018243

    Hards, E., Loades, M.E., Higson-Sweeney, N., Shafran, R. [LSIMHRN co-investigator], Serafimova, T., Brigden, A., Reynolds, S., Crawley, E., Chatburn, E., Linney, C., McManus, M. and Borwick, C. (2021) Loneliness and mental health in children and adolescents with pre-existing mental health problems: A rapid systematic review. Br J Clin Psychol. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12331

    Marlee Bower, Caitlin Buckle, Emily Rugel, Amarina Donohoe-Bales, Laura McGrath, Kevin Gournay, Emma Barrett, Peter Phibbs & Maree Teesson (2021) ‘Trapped’, ‘anxious’ and ‘traumatised’: COVID-19 intensified the impact of housing inequality on Australians’ mental health, International Journal of Housing Policy, DOI: 10.1080/19491247.2021.1940686

    Cruwys T, Haslam C, Rathbone JA, Williams E, Haslam SA. (2021) Groups 4 Health protects against unanticipated threats to mental health: Evaluating two interventions during COVID-19 lockdown among young people with a history of depression and loneliness. J Affect Disord. 2021 Aug 24;295:316-322. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2021.08.029.

    Julianne Holt-Lunstad, Andrew Steptoe, (2022) Social isolation: An underappreciated determinant of physical health, Current Opinion in Psychology 43: 232-237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2021.07.012.

    Christiansen J, Qualter P, Friis K, Pedersen SS, Lund R, Andersen CM, Bekker-Jeppesen M, Lasgaard M. (2021) Associations of loneliness and social isolation with physical and mental health among adolescents and young adults. Perspect Public Health. 2021 Jul;141(4):226-236. doi: 10.1177/17579139211016077

    Hannah Yip, Thomas Clifton (2021) “Thrust from the society of many dear friends”: loneliness in early modern Britain and in the humanities today, The Lancet Psychiatry 8(8): 658-660. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(21)00245-5. You can read a blog about this paper here.

    Noguchi T, Saito M, Aida J, Cable N, Tsuji T, Koyama S, Ikeda T, Osaka K, Kondo K. (2021) Association between social isolation and depression onset among older adults: a cross-national longitudinal study in England and Japan. BMJ Open. 2021 Mar 18;11(3):e045834. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-045834.

    Daban F, Garcia-Subirats I, Porthé V, López M, de-Eyto B, Pasarín MI, Borrell C, Artazcoz L, Pérez A, Díez E.Aten Primaria. (2021) Improving mental health and wellbeing in elderly people isolated at home due to architectural barriers: A community health intervention. 2021 Mar 25;53(5):102020. doi: 10.1016/j.aprim.2021.102020.


    Godfrey M, Liu PJ, Wang A, Wood S.(2021) Loneliness and Mental Health: Recommendations for Primary Care Intakes. J Prim Care Community Health. 2021 Jan-Dec;12:21501327211027104. doi: 10.1177/21501327211027104. 

    Stevens A, Numbers K, Samtani S. (2021) Are lonely older adults more vulnerable to mental health issues during pandemics? Int Psychogeriatr. 2021 May;33(5):449-451. doi: 10.1017/S104161022100034X.

    Cheeta, S, Beevers, J, Chambers, S, Szameitat, A, Chandler, C. (2021) Seeing sadness: Comorbid effects of loneliness and depression on emotional face processing. Brain Behav. 2021; 11:e02189. https://doi.org/10.1002/brb3.2189

    Lincoln SH, Johnson T, Kim S, Edenbaum E, Hooley JM (2021) Psychosis proneness, loneliness, and hallucinations in nonclinical individuals. PLOS ONE 16(5): e0251753. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0251753

    Allé MC, Berntsen D. (2021) Self-isolation, psychotic symptoms and cognitive problems during the COVID-19 worldwide outbreak.Psychiatry Res. 2021 May 19;302:114015. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2021.114015.

    Lincoln SH, Johnson T, Kim S, Edenbaum E, Hooley JM (2021) Psychosis proneness, loneliness, and hallucinations in nonclinical individuals. PloS one https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0251753

    Smith TB, Workman C, Andrews C, Barton B, Cook M, Layton R, Morrey A,  Petersen D, Holt-Lunstad J (2021) Effects of psychosocial support interventions on survival in inpatient and outpatient healthcare settings: A meta-analysis of 106 randomized controlled trials. PlosMedicince https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1003595

    Cheeta S, Beevers J, Chambers S, Szameitat A, Chandler C. (2021) Seeing sadness: Comorbid effects of loneliness and depression on emotional face processing. Brain Behav. e02189. doi: 10.1002/brb3.2189.

    Astell-Burt T, Hartig T, Eckermann S, Nieuwenhuijsen M, McMunn A, Frumkin H, Feng X. (2021) More green, less lonely? A longitudinal cohort study. Int J Epidemiol. 2021 May 31:dyab089. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyab089.

    Nowland R, Thomson G, McNally L, Smith T and Whittaker, K (2021 in press) Experiencing loneliness in parenthood: A scoping review. Perspectives in Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1177/17579139211018243

    Antonelli-Salgado, T., Monteiro, G.M.C., Marcon, G., (...), Brunoni, A.R., Passos, I.C. (2021) Loneliness, but not social distancing, is associated with the incidence of suicidal ideation during the COVID-19 outbreak: a longitudinal study           Journal of Affective Disorders, 290, pp. 52-60.

    Shaw RJ, Cullen B, Graham N, Lyall DM, Mackay D, Okolie C, Pearsall R, Ward J, John A, Smith DJ. (2021) Living alone, loneliness and lack of emotional support as predictors of suicide and self-harm: A nine-year follow up of the UK Biobank cohort. J Affect Disord. 279:316-323. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.10.026

    Domènech-Abella J, Mundó J, Switsers L, van Tilburg T, Fernández D, Aznar-Lou I. (2021) Social network size, loneliness, physical functioning and depressive symptoms among older adults: examining reciprocal associations in four waves of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA). Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2021 Apr 28. doi: 10.1002/gps.5560.

    Hawkley LC, Steptoe A, Schumm LP, Wroblewski K. (2021) Comparing loneliness in England and the United States, 2014-2016: Differential item functioning and risk factor prevalence and impact. Soc Sci Med. 2020 Nov;265:113467. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113467.

    Meshi D, Ellithorpe ME. (2021) Problematic social media use and social support received in real-life versus on social media: Associations with depression, anxiety and social isolation. Addict Behav. 2021 Apr 10;119:106949. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.106949

    Benson T, Seers H, Webb N, McMahon P. (2021) Development of social contact and loneliness measures with validation in social prescribing. BMJ Open Qual. 2021 May;10(2):e001306. doi: 10.1136/bmjoq-2020-001306.

    PROTOCOL: Emma Kirwan, Páraic S Ó’Súilleabháin, Annette Burns et al. Loneliness in Young Adulthood: a Protocol for a Scoping Review of the Quantitative and Qualitative Literature., 18 March 2021, PREPRINT (Version 1) available at Research Square https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-316759/v1

    Al Omari O, Al Sabei S, Al Rawajfah O, Abu Sharour L, Al-Hashmi I, Al Qadire M, Khalaf A. (2021) Prevalence and Predictors of Loneliness Among Youth During the Time of COVID-19: A Multinational Study. J Am Psychiatr Nurses Assoc. 2021 May 28:10783903211017640. doi: 10.1177/10783903211017640.

    Stuart A, Stevenson C, Koschate M, Cohen J, Levine M. (2021) 'Oh no, not a group!' The factors that lonely or isolated people report as barriers to joining groups for health and well-being. Br J Health Psychol. doi: 10.1111/bjhp.12536.

    Ramo, D., Lim, M.H. (2021 ) Technology Matters: Using apps to address loneliness in adolescents and young adults – leveraging tech engagement among digital natives. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 26(2), pp. 186-188. DOI: 10.1111/camh.12465

    Cole A, Bond C, Qualter P, Maes M. (2021) A Systematic Review of the Development and Psychometric Properties of Loneliness Measures for Children and Adolescents. Int J Environ Res Public Health 18(6):3285. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18063285

    Solmaz F, Karataş H, Kandemir H, Solmaz A. (2021) Depression, loneliness and factors influencing in Syrian refugee children. Int J Clin Pract. 2021 May;75(5):e14039. doi: 10.1111/ijcp.14039.

    Cole A, Bond C, Qualter P, Maes M. (2021) A Systematic Review of the Development and Psychometric Properties of Loneliness Measures for Children and Adolescents. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Mar 22;18(6):3285. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18063285.
    Lau, J.F., Shariff, R., Meehan, A. (2021) Are biased interpretations of ambiguous social and non-social situations a precursor, consequence or maintenance factor of youth loneliness?      Behaviour Research and Therapy, 140, art. no. 103829. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2021.103829

    Vidovic D, Reinhardt GY, Hammerton C. (2021) Can Social Prescribing Foster Individual and Community Well-Being? A Systematic Review of the Evidence.Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 May 15;18(10):5276. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18105276.

    Benson, T., Seers, H., Webb, N., McMahon, P.  (2021) Development of social contact and loneliness measures with validation in social prescribing. BMJ Open Quality, 10(2), art. no. e001306. doi: 10.1136/bmjoq-2020-001306

    Fong P, Cruwys T, Robinson SL, Haslam SA, Haslam C, Mance PL, Fisher CL. (2021) Evidence that loneliness can be reduced by a whole-of-community intervention to increase neighbourhood identification. Soc Sci Med.277:113909. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2021.113909

    Caputi M, Cugnata F, Brombin C. (2021) Theory of mind and loneliness: Effects of a conversation-based training at school. Int J Psychol. 2021 Apr;56(2):257-265. doi: 10.1002/ijop.12707.


    Mélissa C Allé, Dorthe Berntsen (2021) Self-isolation, psychotic symptoms and cognitive problems during the COVID-19 worldwide outbreak. Psychiatry Research 302: 114015. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2021.114015.

    Meyerowitz-Katz G, Bhatt S, Ratmann O, et al (2021) Is the cure really worse than the disease? The health impacts of lockdowns during COVID-19. BMJ Global Health 2021;6:e006653. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2021-006653

    Reinhardt G, Vidovic D, Hammerton C. (2021)  Understanding loneliness: a systematic review of the impact of social prescribing initiatives on loneliness. Perspectives in Public Health. 2021;141(4):204-213. doi:10.1177/1757913920967040

    Thimmapuram J, Pargament R, Bell T, Schurk H, Madhusudhan DK. (2021) Heartfulness meditation improves loneliness and sleep in physicians and advance practice providers during COVID-19 pandemic. Hosp Pract 3:194-202. doi: 10.1080/21548331.2021.1896858.

    Perihan Turhan Gürbüz, Özge Gizli Çoban, Ali Erdoğan, Hilal Yazici Kopuz, Aslı Sürer Adanir & Arif Önder (2021) Evaluation of Internet Gaming Disorder, Social Media Addiction, and Levels of Loneliness in Adolescents and Youth with Substance Use, Substance Use & Misuse, DOI: 10.1080/10826084.2021.1958856

    Duleeka Knipe, David Gunnell, Hannah Evans, Ann John, Daisy Fancourt, (2021) Is Google Trends a useful tool for tracking mental and social distress during a public health emergency? A time–series analysis. Journal of Affective Disorders 294: 737-744, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2021.06.086.

    Xerxa, Y., Rescorla, L. A., Shanahan, L., Tiemeier, H., & Copeland, W.E. (2021). Childhood loneliness as a specific risk factor for adult psychiatric disorders. Psychological Medicine, 1-9. doi:10.1017/S0033291721001422.

    Preston AJ, Rew L.(2021) Connectedness, Self-Esteem, and Prosocial Behaviors Protect Adolescent Mental Health Following Social Isolation: A Systematic Review. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2021 Aug 4:1-10. doi: 10.1080/01612840.2021.1948642

    Sipowicz, Kasper, Marlena Podlecka, Łukasz Mokros, and Tadeusz Pietras. (2021) "Lonely in the City–Sociodemographic Status and Somatic Morbidities as Predictors of Loneliness and Depression among Seniors–Preliminary Results" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7213. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147213

    Lyyra, Nelli, Einar B. Thorsteinsson, Charli Eriksson, Katrine R. Madsen, Asko Tolvanen, Petra Löfstedt, and Raili Välimaa. (2021) "The Association between Loneliness, Mental Well-Being, and Self-Esteem among Adolescents in Four Nordic Countries" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7405. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147405

    Tan, M., Barkus, E., & Favelle, S. (2021). The cross-lagged relationship between loneliness, social support, and psychotic-like experiences in young adults. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1080/13546805.2021.1960156

    Kumar A, Salinas J. (2021) The Long-Term Public Health Impact of Social Distancing on Brain Health: Topical Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Jul 8;18(14):7307. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18147307

    Eslinger PJ, Anders S, Ballarini T, Boutros S, Krach S, Mayer AV, Moll J, Newton TL, Schroeter ML, de Oliveira-Souza R, Raber J, Sullivan GB, Swain JE, Lowe L, Zahn R. The neuroscience of social feelings: mechanisms of adaptive social functioning. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2021 Sep;128:592-620. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2021.05.028. 

    Anneke Vedder, Kathrin Boerner, Jeffrey E. Stokes, Henk A.W. Schut, Paul A. Boelen, Margaret S. Stroebe, (2022)
    A systematic review of loneliness in bereavement: Current research and future directions, Current Opinion in Psychology 43: 48-64, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2021.06.003.

    Hudiyana J, Lincoln TM, Hartanto S, et al. (2021) How Universal Is a Construct of Loneliness? Measurement Invariance of the UCLA Loneliness Scale in Indonesia, Germany, and the United States. Assessment. July 2021. doi:10.1177/10731911211034564
      
    Huckle C, Lemmel F, Johnson S (2021) Experiences of friendships of young people with first-episode psychosis: A qualitative study. PLOS ONE 16(7): e0255469. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0255469

    Birkeland, B., Weimand, B., Ruud, T. et al. (2021) Perceived family cohesion, social support, and quality of life in patients undergoing treatment for substance use disorders compared with patients with mental and physical disorders. Addict Sci Clin Pract 16, 44. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-021-00252-8

    Allan NP, Volarov M, Koscinski B, Pizzonia KL, Potter K, Accorso C, Saulnier KG, Ashrafioun L, Stecker T, Suhr J, Allan DM. Lonely, anxious, and uncertain: Critical risk factors for suicidal desire during the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychiatry Res. 2021 Oct;304:114144. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2021.114144.

    Pellicano E, Brett S, den Houting J, Heyworth M, Magiati I, Steward R, Urbanowicz A, Stears M. (2021) COVID-19, social isolation and the mental health of autistic people and their families: A qualitative study. Autism. 2021 Aug 6:13623613211035936. doi: 10.1177/13623613211035936.

    Domènech-Abella J, Mundó J, Leonardi M, Chatterji S, Tobiasz-Adamczyk B, Koskinen S, Ayuso-Mateos JL, Haro JM, Olaya B. (2020) Loneliness and depression among older European adults: The role of perceived neighborhood built environment. Health Place. 2020 Mar;62:102280. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2019.102280. 

    Reed P, Tshering S, Wahab S. (2021) Loneliness and Current Environmental Context Are Associated With False Perceptions Regarding Social Relations. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2021 Aug 1;209(8):571-577. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001350.

    Lee A, McArthur C, Veroniki AA, et al (2021) Management of social isolation and loneliness in community-dwelling older adults: protocol for a network meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ Open 2021;11:e042828. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-042828

    Al Omari O, Al Sabei S, Al Rawajfah O, Abu Sharour L, Al-Hashmi I, Al Qadire M, Khalaf A. (2021) Prevalence and Predictors of Loneliness Among Youth During the Time of COVID-19: A Multinational Study. J Am Psychiatr Nurses Assoc. 2021 May 28:10783903211017640. doi: 10.1177/10783903211017640.

    Cooper, K., Hards, E., Moltrecht, B., (...), McElroy, E., Loades, M. 2021  Loneliness, social relationships, and mental health in adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic Open Access. Journal of Affective Disorders, 289, pp. 98-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2021.04.016

    Golemis A, Voitsidis P, Parlapani E, Nikopoulou VA, Tsipropoulou V, Karamouzi P, Giazkoulidou A, Dimitriadou A, Kafetzopoulou C, Holeva V, Diakogiannis I (2021) Young adults' coping strategies against loneliness during the COVID-19-related quarantine in Greece. Health Promot Int. daab053. doi: 10.1093/heapro/daab053.

    Cunningham K, Kroll T, Wells M.  (2021) First steps in identifying and addressing loneliness in the context of COVID-19.Perspectives in Public Health. February 2021. https://doi.org/10.1177/1757913920975793

    Mojahed A, Brym S, Hense H, Grafe B, Helfferich C, Lindert J, Garthus-Niegel S. (2021) Rapid Review on the Associations of Social and Geographical Isolation and Intimate Partner Violence: Implications for the Ongoing COVID-19 Pandemic. Front Psychiatry. 2021 Apr 13;12:578150. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2021.578150.

    Elbogen EB, Lanier M, Blakey SM, Wagner HR, Tsai (2021) Suicidal ideation and thoughts of self-harm during the COVID-19 pandemic: The role of COVID-19-related stress, social isolation, and financial strain. J.Depress Anxiety. 2021 May 5. doi: 10.1002/da.23162.

    Ray MK, Chow KK, Theodoros T, Wyder M, Steginga A, Sorrensen R, Hickey P, Lau G, Kinsella K, Lombardo C. (2021) LOVE in the time of Covid-19: a brief mental health intervention to overcome loneliness. Australas Psychiatry. 2021 May 5:10398562211010806. doi: 10.1177/10398562211010806.

    Ross L, Meier N. (2021) Improving adult coping with social isolation during COVID-19 in the community through nurse-led patient-centered telehealth teaching and listening interventions. Nurs Forum. 2021 Apr;56(2):467-473. doi: 10.1111/nuf.12552.

    Preprint: Alison R.McKinlay, Tom May, Joanna Dawes, Daisy Fancourt, Alexandra Burton (2021) “You’re just there, alone in your room with your thoughts” A qualitative study about the impact of lockdown among young people during the COVID-19 pandemic medRxiv 2021.04.11.21254776; doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.04.11.21254776

    Cunningham K, Kroll T, Wells M. First steps in identifying and addressing loneliness in the context of COVID-19. Perspectives in Public Health. February 2021. doi:10.1177/1757913920975793

    Thompson, C., Mancebo, M.C., Moitra, E. (2021) Changes in social anxiety symptoms and loneliness after increased isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychiatry Research, 298, art. no. 113834. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2021.113834

    Kraav SL, Lehto SM, Junttila N, Ruusunen A, Kauhanen J, Hantunen S, Tolmunen T. (2021) Depression and loneliness may have a direct connection without mediating factors. Nord J Psychiatry. doi: 10.1080/08039488.2021.1894231.

    Moksnes UK, Bjørnsen HN, B Eilertsen ME, Espnes GA. (2021) The role of perceived loneliness and sociodemographic factors in association with subjective mental and physical health and well-being in Norwegian adolescents. Scand J Public Health:1403494821997219. doi: 10.1177/1403494821997219.

    Fox, R., McHugh Power, J., Coogan, A.N., (...), van Tilburg, T.G., Hyland, P.  (2021) Posttraumatic stress disorder and loneliness are associated over time: A longitudinal study on PTSD symptoms and loneliness, among older adults Psychiatry Research, 299, art. no. 113846. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2021.113846

    Daisy Fancourt, Henry Aughterson, Saoirse Finn, Emma Walker, Andrew Steptoe (2021) How leisure activities affect health: a narrative review and multi-level theoretical framework of mechanisms of action. The Lancet Psychiatry 8(4): 329-339, https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30384-9.

    Groarke, J.M., McGlinchey, E., McKenna-Plumley, P.E., (...), Graham-Wisener, L., Armour, C. (2021) Examining temporal interactions between loneliness and depressive symptoms and the mediating role of emotion regulation difficulties among UK residents during the COVID-19 lockdown: Longitudinal results from the COVID-19 psychological wellbeing study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 285, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2021.02.033

    Kahlon MK, Aksan N, Aubrey R, et al. (2021) Effect of Layperson-Delivered, Empathy-Focused Program of Telephone Calls on Loneliness, Depression, and Anxiety Among Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Psychiatry. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2021.0113

    Rauschenberg C, Schick A, Goetzl C, Roehr S, Riedel-Heller SG, Koppe G, Durstewitz D, Krumm S, Reininghaus (2021) Social isolation, mental health, and use of digital interventions in youth during the COVID-19 pandemic: a nationally representative survey. U.Eur Psychiatry. doi: 10.1192/j.eurpsy.2021.17.

    Williams CYK, Townson AT, Kapur M, Ferreira AF, Nunn R, Galante J, Phillips V, Gentry S, Usher-Smith JA. Interventions to reduce social isolation and loneliness during COVID-19 physical distancing measures: A rapid systematic review. PLoS One. 2021 Feb 17;16(2):e0247139. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0247139.

    Goodman, L.A., Epstein, D. (2020) Loneliness and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Implications for Intimate Partner Violence Survivors. J Fam Violhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-020-00215-8

    Teoh SL, Letchumanan V, Lee LH. (2021) Can Mindfulness Help to Alleviate Loneliness? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Front Psychol. 12:633319. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.633319.

    Hare-Duke L
    , Dening T, Oliveira D, Dewa R &  Slade M (2021) Social connectedness in adults with mental disorders: ecological validation of a conceptual framework for novel complex interventions, Journal of Mental Health, DOI: 10.1080/09638237.2021.1875409

    Barreto M, Victor C, Hammond C, Eccles A, Richins MT, Qualter P (2021) Loneliness around the world: Age, gender, and cultural differences in loneliness. Personality and Individuals Differences 169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2020.110066

    Smith BJ, Lim MH. How the COVID-19 pandemic is focusing attention on loneliness and social isolation. Public Health Res Pract. 2020 Jun 30;30(2):3022008. doi: 10.17061/phrp3022008

    Jeste DV, Lee EE, Cacioppo S. (2020) Battling the Modern Behavioral Epidemic of Loneliness: Suggestions for Research and Interventions. JAMA Psychiatry. 2020 Jun 1;77(6):553-554. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.0027.


    Shapira S, Yeshua-Katz D, Cohn-Schwartz E, Aharonson-Daniel L, Sarid O, Clarfield AM.(2021) A pilot randomized controlled trial of a group intervention via Zoom to relieve loneliness and depressive symptoms among older persons during the COVID-19 outbreak. Internet Interv. doi: 10.1016/j.invent.2021.100368

    Dahlberg L, McKee JK, Frank A & Naseer M (2021) A systematic review of longitudinal risk factors for loneliness in older adults, Aging & Mental Health, DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2021.1876638


    Verlotti P, Guyonne R, Zoble S B, Castellano R, Tambelli R (2021) Loneliness, Emotion Dysregulation, and Internalizing Symptoms During Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach. Front. Psychiatry https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.581494

    Green MJ, Whitley E, Niedzwiedz CL, Shaw RJ, Katikireddi SV (2021) Social contact and inequalities in depression symptoms and loneliness among older adults: A mediation analysis of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. SSM - Population Health 13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2021.100726

    O'Day EB, Butler RM, Morrison AS, Goldin PR, Gross JJ, Heimberg RG (2021) Reductions in social anxiety during treatment predict lower levels of loneliness during follow-up among individuals with social anxiety disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2021.102362

    Rødevand, L., Bahrami, S., Frei, O. et al. Polygenic overlap and shared genetic loci between loneliness, severe mental disorders, and cardiovascular disease risk factors suggest shared molecular mechanisms. Translational Psychiatry 11, 3 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41398-020-01142-4.

    van der Velden PG, Hyland P, Contino C, von Gaudecker HM, Muffels R, Das M. (2021) Anxiety and depression symptoms, the recovery from symptoms, and loneliness before and after the COVID-19 outbreak among the general population: Findings from a Dutch population-based longitudinal study. PLoS One 16(1):e0245057. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0245057.

     

    2022

    Lin HC, Chang CC, Chang YP, Chen YL, Yen CF. Associations among Perceived Sexual Stigma from Family and Peers, Internalized Homonegativity, Loneliness, Depression, and Anxiety among Gay and Bisexual Men in Taiwan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 May 20;19(10):6225. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19106225. PMID: 35627760; PMCID: PMC9141414.

    Schlief M, Stefanidou T, Wright T, Levy G, Pitman A, Lewis G (accepted) Promoting inclusivity and acceptance of diverse sexual and gender identities in schools: a Rapid Realist Review of universal interventions to improve mental health. Nature Human Behaviour.  preprint: https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2022.08.02.22277994v1

    Liebmann, M., Pitman, A., Hsueh, YC. Bertotti, M, Pearce E. (2022) Do people perceive benefits in the use of social prescribing to address loneliness and/or social isolation? A qualitative meta-synthesis of the literature. BMC Health Serv Res 22, 1264 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-022-08656-1

    Wood, C. J., Barton, J. L., & Wicks, C. L. (2022). The Impact of Therapeutic Community Gardening on the Wellbeing, Loneliness, and Life Satisfaction of Individuals with Mental Illness. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health19(20), 13166.

    Department of Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) Tackling Loneliness Evidence Review (2022) DCMS Tackling Loneliness Evidence Group: Pamela Qualter (University of Manchester), Louise Arseneault (King’s College London), Manuela Barreto (University of Exeter), Anne-Kathrin Fett (City, University of London), Nancy Hey (What Works Centre for Wellbeing), Sonia Johnson (University College London), Kalpa Kharicha (Campaign to End Loneliness), Timothy Matthews (King’s College London), David McDaid (London School of Economics), Eiluned Pearce (University College London), Alexandra Pitman (University College London), and Christina Victor (Brunel University London).

    Barreto, M., van Breen, J., Victor, C., Hammond, C., Eccles, A., Richins, M. T., & Qualter, P. (2022). Exploring the nature and variation of the stigma associated with loneliness. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 02654075221087190.  https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/02654075221087190

    Wheeler, R., Lobley, M., McCann, J., & Phillimore, A. “It's a lonely old world”: Developing a multidimensional understanding of loneliness in farming. Sociologia Ruralishttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/soru.12399 

    Hsueh, Y.-C.; Batchelor, R.; Liebmann, M.; Dhanani, A.; Vaughan, L.; Fett, A.-K.; Mann, F.; Pitman, A. A Systematic Review of Studies Describing the Effectiveness, Acceptability, and Potential Harms of Place-Based Interventions to Address Loneliness and Mental Health Problems. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 202219, 4766. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084766https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/8/4766Mann F, Wang J, Pearce E, Ma R, Schlief M, Lloyd-Evans B, Ikhtabi S, Johnson S. Loneliness and the onset of new mental health problems in the general population. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2022 May 18. doi: 10.1007/s00127-022-02261-7. Toh G, Pearce E, Vines J, Ikhtabi S, Birken M, Pitman A, Johnson S. Digital interventions for subjective and objective social isolation among individuals with mental health conditions: a scoping review. BMC Psychiatry. 2022 May 12;22(1):331. doi: 10.1186/s12888-022-03889-0Perkins R, Kaye SL, Zammit BB, Mason-Bertrand A, Spiro N, Williamon A. How arts engagement supported social connectedness during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom: findings from the HEartS Survey. Public Health. 2022 Jun;207:1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2022.03.002

    Goodfellow, C., Hardoon, D., Inchley, J., Leyland, A. H., Qualter, P., Simpson, S. A., & Long, E. (2022). Loneliness and personal well-being in young people: Moderating effects of individual, interpersonal, and community factors. Journal of adolescence94(4), 554–568. https://doi.org/10.1002/jad.12046Willis, P. B., & Vickery, A. Y. (2022). Loneliness, coping practices and masculinities in later life: Findings from a study of older men living alone in England. Health and Social Care in the Community(2022)https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.13732 Willis, P., Vickery, A., & Jessiman, P. E. (2022). Loneliness, social dislocation and invisibility experienced by older men who are single or living alone: accounting for differences across sexual identity and social context. Ageing and Society42(2), 409-431. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X20000914Willis, P., Vickery, A., & Symonds, J. (2020). You have to get off your backside, otherwise you'll never get out: Older male carers' experiences of loneliness and social isolation. International Journal of Care and Caring, 4(3), 311-330. https://doi.org/10.1332/239788220X15912928956778

    Christensen, R., Haenschel, C., Gaigg, S. B., & Fett, A. J. (2022). Loneliness, positive, negative and disorganised Schizotypy before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Schizophrenia research. Cognition29, 100243. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scog.2022.100243

    Umagami K, Remington A, Lloyd-Evans B (2022) Loneliness in autistic adults: A systematic review. Autism. https://doi.org/10.1177/13623613221077721

    Shah, P., Hardy, J., Birken, M. et al. (2022) What has changed in the experiences of people with mental health problems during the COVID-19 pandemic: a coproduced, qualitative interview study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-022-02254-6

    Zagic D, Wuthrich VM, Rapee RM, Wolters N. (2021) Interventions to improve social connections: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. doi: 10.1007/s00127-021-02191-w

    Cruwys T, Haslam C, Rathbone JA, Williams E, Haslam SA, Walter ZC. (2022) Groups 4 Health versus cognitive-behavioural therapy for depression and loneliness in young people: randomised phase 3 non-inferiority trial with 12-month follow-up. Br J Psychiatry 220(3):140-147. doi: 10.1192/bjp.2021.128.Cooper, F. and Jones, C. (2022), "Co-production for or against the university: student loneliness and the commodification of impact in COVID-19", Qualitative Research Journal, 22(1):81-95. https://doi.org/10.1108/QRJ-02-2021-0016

    Ikhtabi, S., Pitman, A., Toh, G. et al. (2022) The experience of loneliness among people with a “personality disorder” diagnosis or traits: a qualitative meta-synthesis. BMC Psychiatry 22, 130. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-022-03767-9

    Marquez, J., Goodfellow, C., Hardoon, D., Inchley, J., Leyland, A.H., Qualter, P., Simpson, S.A. & Long, E. (2022). Loneliness in young people: a multilevel exploration of social ecological influences and geographic variation, Journal of Public Healthhttps://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdab402. You can read a summary from the Campaign to End Loneliness on this paper and a blog on it here.

    Matthews T, Qualter P, Bryan BT, Casp A, Danese A, Moffitt TE, Odgers CL, Strange L, Arseneault L (2022) The developmental course of loneliness in adolescence: Implications for mental health, educational attainment and psychosocial functioning DOI:10.1017/S0954579421001632 was published in Development and Psychopathology.

    Wang C, Pearce E, Jones R and Lloyd-Evans B (2022) ‘Kindness by Post’: A Mixed-Methods Evaluation of a Participatory Public Mental Health Project. Front. Psychol. 12:813432. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.813432

    Killaspy H, Harvey C, Brasier C et al (2022) Community-based social interventions for people with severe mental illness: a systematic review and narrative synthesis of recent evidence. World Psychiatry 21(1):96-123. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20940

    Pearce, E., Myles-Hooton, P., Johnson, Set al. (2021) Loneliness as an active ingredient in preventing or alleviating youth anxiety and depression: a critical interpretative synthesis incorporating principles from rapid realist reviews. Transl Psychiatry 11628 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41398-021-01740-w

    Hennessey A, Qualter P and Humphrey N (2021) The Impact of Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) on Loneliness in Primary School Children: Results From a Randomized Controlled Trial in England. Frontiers in Education. https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2021.791438

    Noone, C. & Yang, K. (2021). Community-based responses to loneliness in older people: A systematic review of qualitative studies. Health and Social Care in the Communityhttps://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.13682 

    Haslam, S. A., Haslam, C., Cruwys, T., Jetten, J., Bentley, S. V., Fong, P., & Steffens, N. K. (2022). Social identity makes group-based social connection possible: Implications for loneliness and mental health. Current Opinion in Psychology43, 161-165.

    Marquez, J., Goodfellow, C., Hardoon, D., Inchley, J., Leyland, A.H., Qualter, P., Simpson, S.A. & Long, E. (2022). Loneliness in young people: a multilevel exploration of social ecological influences and geographic variation, Journal of Public Healthhttps://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdab402

    Pre-prints (not yet peer-reviewed)

    Quadt, L., Williams, G. L., Mulcahy, J. S., Silva, M., Larsson, D. E. O., Arnold, A., … Garfinkel, S. (2021, October 27). "I'm trying to reach out, I'm trying to find my people": Loneliness and loneliness distress in autistic adults. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/7ckeq

    From the UKRI Closing the Gap Network: Heron, P., Spanakis, P., Crosland, S., Johnston, G., Newbronner, E., Wadman, R., Walker, L., Gilbody, S., & Peckham, E.J. (2021). Loneliness among people with severe mental ill health during the COVID-19 pandemic: results from a linked UK population cohort study. medRxiv. DOI:10.1101/2021.07.07.21260130