Vermeer expert comments on Bafta-nominated film Tim's Vermeer
24 January 2014
In 2001 Professor Philip Steadman (UCL Energy Institute & UCL Bartlett Schoo of Graduate Studies) published a book called Vermeer's Camera, about the evidence for the great 17th century Dutch painter using a camera obscura to make his pictures.
Fast forward 13 years and the original ideas in the book have provided the foundation for the Bafta nominated documentary Tim's Vermeer.
The film focuses on the endeavours of American engineer Tim Jenison as he attempts to paint a Vermeer. Jenison builds on the work of Professor Steadman by proposing solutions to the problems of using a camera obscura in painting. In doing so, he devises a method for recreating his very own Vermeer.
In the film Jenison builds a full-size reconstruction of Vermeer's studio in a warehouse in San Antonio, complete with period furniture and figures in 17th century costume. He forms an image of this scene with a camera obscura, and attempts to transcribe the image in paint using a mirrored device of his own design.
Commenting on the film, Professor Steadman, who travelled to Jenison's studio in San Antonio and appears in the film, said: "We know very little about Vermeer. Little about his life, nobody writes about his methods, he didn't write about his methods. He had, as far as we know, no pupils."
"So the only places you can really look are in the paintings themselves and that's how I've demonstrated, from the perspectives, that these show definitively how he used a camera."
"Tim Jenison read my book and thought he could take the idea even further. The device Tim has created is certainly within the scope of 17th century technology. And it works. There's no doubt you can produce, as an amateur, Vermeer-like photographic effects by transcribing the optical image."
"But the question that remains is did Vermeer use this? And that is not answered. Could one see in the paintings this particular method that Jenison has created? I don't think you can. His device is a bit like a reflecting telescope, but these weren't built until the 18th century."