Library Services


Research output metrics

The number of times a particular article, book or other research output has been cited can be an indication of the impact of that output on others' work.

Find out how often an output has been cited

The following sources allow you to search for an output and to view a figure showing how often the output has been cited by others. In each source, search for your target output to view a list of the papers that cited it:

  • Web of Science - look for 'Times cited' alongside each record & click the number to see the citing papers.
  • Scopus - look for the 'Cited by' number, on the right-hand end of each record
  • Google Scholar - look for 'Cited by', the first link on the left, underneath the record

You will find the figure is different depending on the source you use. Each source contains a different set of journals citation data and therefore draws upon a different list of citations. The figure is also likely to increase over time as more citations are received. For this reason, when quoting how many times an output has been cited, it is advisable to indicate the source(s) and date of the data.

Track citation trends

Use Essential Science Indicators to compare the number of citations received by an individual paper against the expected citation rates for a particular year and/or broad subject area.