John Anthony Rucker of West Hill

???? - 1804


Biography

London merchant, and co-owner with Robert Harvey (q.v.) of 'slave-property' in Grenada. With John Harvey (q.v.) he had formed a partnership in 1763 to invest £20,000 in land and plantations in Grenada. He was co-founder of a banking firm that evolved into Dorrien, Magens and Mello, a predecessor of RBS.

  1. The will of John Anthony Rucker of West Hill, Wandsworth [made in 1801] was proved 01/06/1804. In the will he left monetary legacies totalling £53,000 to nephews and grand-nephews and nieces, a further £27,000 to the children of Sigismund Rucker and £7000 to other family members, plus smaller monetary legacies and annuities. He had he said left Sigismund Diederick Rucker only £4,000 on the basis that Sigismund Diederick had inherited the entire business of senator Sigismund Rucker of Hamburgh [sic]. He left his house at West Hill and his estates and enslaved people in Grenada to his nephew Daniel Henry Rucker (q.v.), and divided his residuary estate 2/3rd to Daniel Henry Rucker and 1/3rd to his great-nephew John Anthony Rucker.

  2. John Anthony Rucker built an early calico works on the Wandle c. 1788, feeding water to it from 'Rucker's new cutt'.


Sources

S.J. and P.O. Hough, The Beinecke Lesser Antilles Collection at Hamilton College (1994) p. 231; https://www.rbs.com/heritage/companies/dorrien-magens-mello-and-co.html [accessed 24/09/2018].

  1. PROB 11/1410/15.

  2. https://heritagerecords.nationaltrust.org.uk/HBSMR/MonRecord.aspx?uid=MNA129721 [accessed 24/09/2018].


Further Information

Absentee?
British/Irish

Associated Estates (10)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
Joint owner

The Chambord, Plain and Mornefendue estates on Grenada owned by John Harvey and then Robert Harvey and then Harvey and Rucker evolved from the early purchases of land by John Harvey and J.A. Rucker; LBS has not established which Lots corresponds to which estates.

1790 [EA] - 1790 [LA] → Owner

J. A. Rusher [sic] was shown as the owner of Harvey Vale on Carriacou in 1790.

1780 [EA] - → Joint owner

The Chambord, Plain and Mornefendue estates on Grenada owned by John Harvey and then Robert Harvey and then Harvey and Rucker evolved from the early purchases of land by John Harvey and J.A. Rucker; LBS has not established which Lots corresponds to which estates.

1780 [EA] - → Owner
1780 [EA] - → Joint owner

The Chambord, Plain and Mornefendue estates on Grenada owned by John Harvey and then Robert Harvey and then Harvey and Rucker evolved from the early purchases of land by John Harvey and J.A. Rucker. LBS has not established which Lots corresponds to which estates.

1780 [EA] - → Joint owner

The Chambord, Plain and Mornefendue estates on Grenada owned by John Harvey and then Robert Harvey and hen Harvey and Rucker evolved from the early purchases of land by John Harvey and J.A. Rucker. LBS has not established which Lots corresponds to which estates.

1780 [EA] - → Joint owner
Joint owner

The Chambord, Plain and Mornefendue estates on Grenada owned by John Harvey and then Robert Harvey and then Harvey and Rucker evolved from the early purchases of land by John Harvey and J.A. Rucker; LBS has not established which Lots corresponds to which estates.

Joint owner

The Chambord, Plain and Mornefendue estates on Grenada owned by John Harvey and then Robert Harvey and then Harvey and Rucker evolved from the early purchases of land by John Harvey and J.A. Rucker; LBS has not established which Lots corresponds to which estates.

1793 [EA] - 1798 [LA] → Mortgage Holder

John Anthony Rucker of West Hill was party to a deed of 21 and 22/06/1798 concerning security for moneys originally advanced to George Dalzell in 1793. EAP Deed Book 1799 pp. 457 et seq. The assignees of the successor Rucker firm pursued compensation as the mortgagees of the enslaved people on the estate in the 1830s.


Legacies Summary

Commercial (1)

Founding Partner
 

Physical (2)

Country house
Melrose House, West Hill [Built] 
description →
Built by John Anthony Rucker, who left it together with his West Indian property - including enslaved people - to his nephew Daniel Henry Rucker. The estate was further developed with Repton by D. H....
Tomb or Grave
Bazalgette Mausoleum [Built] 
description →
Mausoleum at St Mary's Wimbledon built for John Anthony Rucker (d. 1804) who was buried there, but sold by D. H.Rucker. Possibly enlarged or even rebuilt by the...

Relationships (4)

Business partners
Uncle → Nephew
Business partners
Great-uncle → Great-nephew

Addresses (1)

Melrose House, West Hill, Wandsworth, Surrey, South-east England , England