UCL Faculty of Laws


Research Ethics and Academic Integrity

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Research Ethics Review

The Laws Faculty has a Laws Local Research Ethics Committee (Laws LREC).  This LREC has delegated authority to review and approve any low risk research ethics application from a Laws academic or student. It is also available to any Laws researcher, teacher or student who has any question at all about research ethics, who may be unsure whether their research needs formal ethical review or who would like any assistance in the process of ethical review.  LREC reviews faculty research projects (including external grant proposals), student research projects and 1st year PhD students’ ethical statements on their research.

For guidance and advice on any issue involving research ethics you should, in the first instance, contact the Laws Research Office at: laws.research@ucl.ac.uk. The Laws Research Office will then ensure that LREC helps you with your query, and will support you in identifying whether any further information or documentation may be required.

If you want to conduct research involving any of the following, you need to contact the Laws Research Office in the first instance. Formal approval from LREC may be required before you proceed and if you do not obtain ethical approval for your research before you start this can be consider research misconduct:

  • Interviews – formal and informal
  • Questionnaires / surveys
  • Creating or accessing data sets
  • Observing proceedings
  • Accessing case files or transcripts which are usually confidential
  • Experimental research.

Certain ‘high risk’ categories of research, such as e.g. working with children or other vulnerable groups or handling sensitive data, or research involving travel which may expose the researcher to personal risk, will need approval by the central UCL Research Ethics Committee (REC). This is a formal process, which may subject your research to delay. The process for UCL REC review is laid out step-by-step on the UCL REC Procedures for Applications page. However, before submitting an application to the UCL REC, you are advised to first seek guidance from the Laws LREC by contacting the Laws Research Office at: laws.research@ucl.ac.uk. Researchers planning to commence ‘high risk’ research should contact LREC as soon as possible as LREC guidance can help insure there aren’t long delays in ethical approval.

Even if your research is not ‘high risk’, or requiring formal clearance from LREC, it must still be conducted in accordance with accepted ethics standards as well as the recognised professional codes of conduct suitable for your research specialism.  Laws LREC can provide advice and guidance on any of these issues.

Members of the Laws Local Research Ethics Team are listed in the Academic Officers & Enabling Roles section on the Laws intranet - Human Resources.

Data Protection

Even if your research does not require formal ethical approval, this does not mean that the research is also automatically exempt from registration with the UCL Data Protection Officer or from UCL Risk Assessment procedures.  Any research activities which involve the processing of “personal data” (ie, data from which a living individual can be identified) will be subject to the UK Data Protection Laws, which is regulated by the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO).   All research using “personal data” must be registered with UCL Legal Services before the data is collected or the research is submitted for ethics review.  To check if your research involves “personal data”, please see the Data Protection Guidance for Researchers provided by UCL Legal Services.

UCL Safety Services provide information on risk assessment.

Please contact the Laws Research Office to check whether your research needs a formal Risk Assessment.

Academic Integrity

Should you ever have concerns about Academic Integrity of any kind, you can find guidance in the UCL Statement on Research Integrity.
and you are strongly encouraged to raise any such matters with the Laws Faculty contacts on these matters: the Dean and the Deputy Dean/Vice Dean Staffing.

Research Transparency, including UCL Statement on Transparency in Research

For further information and to download UCL's Statement on Transparency on Research visit the UCL Research Transparency website.

Advice for researchers planning overseas fieldwork

UCL’s simplified policy and guidance site makes planning overseas research and fieldwork easier and helps researchers ensure they're policy-compliant. In order to help UCL researchers comply with all the different requirements, UCL’s Research Integrity Team has created a roadmap that sets out the processes involved in planning and conducting international research; bringing them together in a single, easy to follow resource with our Overseas Research Roadmap.