UCL Jill Dando Institute of Security and Crime Science


University of Leiden

Leiden University (founded in 1575) is a research-intensive university, housing approximately 18,000 students and 4,000 staff members. Leiden University ranked 75th on the QS World University Rankings and is member of the League of European Research Universities, a partnership with other prominent research universities. The Centre for Terrorism and Counterterrorism seeks to provide a uniquely integrated, interdisciplinary approach to the phenomenon of terrorism. Initiated by the Netherlands National Coordinator for Counterterrorism (NCTB) and Leiden University, the centre contributes to the field of (counter) terrorism research and policy by providing analysis (academic research), higher education on (counter) terrorism, policy advice and dissemination of knowledge to the broader audience.

Role in the project

University of Leiden will have responsibility for all parts of the work leading to the development of a subscript of lone actor attack preparations, which will contribute a major element to the integrated script of lone actor extremist events.


Prof. Dr. Edwin Bakker is professor of (Counter-)Terrorism Studies at the Centre for Terrorism and Counterterrorism of Leiden University. Prior to joining the CTC and Leiden university in 2010 he was head of the Security and Conflict Programme of the Netherlands Institute of International Relations 'Clingendael'. In 1997, he defended his PhD thesis on minority conflicts in Central Europe, after which he taught classes in (international) conflict management at the Centre for International Conflict Analysis and Management (CICAM) at Nijmegen University. At the Clingendael Institute (2003-2010), his research interest shifted towards terrorism and non-conventional threat to security. At Leiden University he focuses on jihadi terrorism in Europe, radicalisation processes, and impact management of terrorism-related incidents. He has published on lone actor extremism in Perspectives on Terrorism.

Bart Schuurman is a researcher at Leiden University’s Centre for Terrorism and Counterterrorism in The Hague, the Netherlands. In 2009 he graduated with a MA in the field of international relations from Utrecht University. Since that time he has been studying a variety of topics related to contemporary armed conflicts and terrorism. His professional interests include the causes, forms and effectiveness of contemporary terrorism and counterterrorism, as well as Twentieth Century asymmetric conflicts and Clausewitzian strategic theory.