IOE Writing Centre


Reference Effectively & Avoid Plagiarism

Hands with blue pen
" How should I reference at the UCL Institute of Education?

At the UCL IOE you will usually need to use a version of APA or Harvard. These are two systems which use in-text referencing (not footnotes). The two systems are very similar. The most important aspect is to be consistent, and to use the same format for all your references.

The links below take you to the IOE LibGuides pages, which contain examples of almost every type of source text.

Use the menu on the left to find out more and to see examples.

Reference managers

Many students prefer to use a reference management software. Although there are many packages available, the IOE Library provides LibGuide instructions for the following: