IOE Writing Centre



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Basic Components

Your conclusion needs to include the following basic components.

  • "In conclusion...": Start with a clear phrase that indicates this is the conclusion e.g. In conclusion... / To conclude... / Overall... Do not worry that this sounds 'boring' or the same as other assignments. This is not the place to be creative. The reader needs to know that they are about to read the conclusion. Otherwise, they will think they are still reading the main body, and may feel confused.
  • Summary of the discussion: This is very similar to the organisation/outline in the introduction
  • Re-state thesis statement/aim/purpose: e.g. The discussion has highlighted the main… / It has been argued that the priorities for...)
  • Implications for research or practice:  e.g. It may be useful to investigate further...

Further guidelines

  • You can include references in the conclusion, but it is best not to include any new references. This is because you do not have space in the conclusion to discuss any new references in enough detail.
  • The conclusion is not generally the place for new ideas. It summarises what has already been said. The new ideas come in the section just before the conclusion.

Example Conclusion

To sum up, this report has defined coaching as a conversation which can enhance performance at the same time as contributing to the development of the coachee (Boyatzis, Smith and Blaize, 2006).  The report took a psychoanalytically informed approach to an analysis of coaching within organisations, and considered the associated benefits and the required resources.  Applying the theory to the specific organisational context of the [XYZ Workplace], the need for coaching in this context was discussed, together with a strategy and implementation plan in order to facilitate the recommended coaching conversations. It was suggested that coaching could usefully be incorporated into certain areas of the organization.

Source: Blackwell, J. (2013). Advancing coaching and mentoring in and across organisational contexts. Organisational Report. UCL Institute of Education: Unpublished MA Assignment.

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