Madrid: Socio-Economic Indicators

Each of the following maps demonstrates the heterogeneous nature of neighbourhoods in Madrid in terms of socio-economic characteristics.  These maps highlight clear patterns of geographical segregation within Madrid, whether one examines social deprivation in the city by unemployment, manual worker density or educational attainment.  Deprivation is concentrated near the city centre and in the South and South-East of Madrid.  The North-West of Madrid encompasses the most affluent of neighbourhoods.  Socio-economic indicators were derived using data from the 2001 Population and Housing Census provided by the National Institute of Statistics.

The following socio-economic indicator maps are colour-coded; high concentrations of a socio-economic characteristic are represented by brown tones, which lighten as the concentration reduces.  Intermediate concentrations of a socio-economic characteristic are represented by the white tone.  The lowest concentrations are represented by green tones.  The following maps of Madrid have been amplified to ensure that the small areas are more visible. For further information about how these maps were created, please visit the methodological section of the Atlas.  Click on each image for a full-screen view of the maps below.


Area Distribution of Unemployment in Madrid

This map shows the distribution of unemployment throughout Madrid. High levels of unemployment (represented by brown tones) are clustered near the city centre, located to the right of the map legend.  Neighbourhoods South and East of the city centre are also burdened with high unemployment. Whilst intermediate levels of unemployment (shown in white) are commonplace throughout the map, these areas frequently reside next to those with high levels of unemployment in the South.  In the North, however, areas with intermediate levels of unemployment reside between more affluent areas marked by low unemployment.   Areas with the lowest levels of unemployment (shown in dark green) are gathered in the North-West and North-East, and to a lesser degree in other parts of Madrid.  This map demonstrates a clear pattern of social deprivation by levels of unemployment; whereby deprivation is more common in the Southern half of Madrid.

Manual Workers

Area Distribution of Manual Workers in Madrid

This map shows the distribution of manual worker density throughout Madrid. The pattern of manual worker density somewhat differs from the map of unemployment shown above. The highest proportions of manual worker density are now sharply concentrated in the Southern areas of Madrid, illustrating a clear North-South divide. However, the North-West also has some excess of manual workers, as shown by the light brown areas on the edges of the map. The lowest concentration of manual workers density (shown in dark green) are found in neighbourhoods North and East of the city centre, and in the Western outskirts of Madrid.

Primary Education

Area Distribution of Adults with Low Educational Attainment in Madrid

This map shows the area distribution of adults that completed formal schooling at the primary level in Madrid.  The geographical distribution of low educational attainment is similar to that of manual worker density shown above.  The Southern and South-Eastern neighbourhoods of Madrid are those most burdened by low educational attainment.  However, there is also a high concentration of low educational attainment observed in the far North of Madrid.  Areas near the city centre of Madrid display a heterogeneous pattern of low educational attainment, a pattern which becomes more homogeneous as we move to more affluent areas in the North and East of the city centre.  These areas are amongst those least burdened by low educational attainment (shown in dark green), in addition to the Western outskirts of Madrid.  As with manual worker density, there is a clear North-South divide by low educational attainment in Madrid.

University Qualifications

Area Distribution of Adults with University Qualifications in Madrid

This map shows the area distribution of the proportion of adults that have obtained university qualifications in Madrid, and as expected, it demonstrates similar patterns to the map of low educational attainment.  Areas most marked by low educational attainment also exhibit low levels of university qualifications, particularly in the Southern and Eastern areas of Madrid.  The far western districts of Madrid along with the areas North and East of the city centre are now largely brown, representing a high proportion of university qualifications in these neighbourhoods.  However, low-to-intermediate levels of university qualifications are seen in some northern outskirts of Madrid.  Once again social deprivation, represented by low levels of university qualifications, follows a North-South divide.