Cluster randomised controlled trial of a Community intervention to improve growth among children under two in rural India (CARING)
Forty percent of the world's undernourished children live in India. The CARING trial: CARING is an operational research project that aims to develop and evaluate a community-based intervention to improve nutrition and growth in the first 1000 days of life in rural eastern India. The intervention is designed to be scalable through a community health worker proposed by India's Integrated Child Development for the country's 200 most underserved districts.
The project will take place between 2013 and 2017, and is a collaboration between the Indian NGO Ekjut, the Public Health Foundation of India, and University College London.
This study aims to assess the impact, cost-effectiveness and scalability of a community intervention to improve child growth in two rural districts of Jharkhand and Orissa, India, where over 60% of children are stunted.
The intervention involves a village-based female agent carrying out two activities: (a) monthly home visits for growth monitoring and promotion to all children aged 0-24 months and their mothers in order to support appropriate feeding, infection control and caregiving; (b) a monthly participatory women's group meeting to catalyse individual and community action for maternal and child health and nutrition. The intervention is being evaluated using a cluster-randomised controlled trial in 120 villages across two districts.
We aim for the study to help inform local and national-level strategies to reduce maternal and child undernutrition.