The Crabtree Foundation


Curriculum vitae





1754-Born at Chipping Sodbury into a Methodist family.Sutherland
  Breech-birth leading to counter-theory of 'evolution in reverse'.Tay
  Fathered by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Miller
17628Rousseau sent Crabtree's mother a copy of Emile.Freeman, M.
17639Dr. Johnson read Crabtree/Churchill poems.Brown
  Precocity recognised in painting by Joshua Reynolds.Armour
  Composed 'Buttercup Joe', Gloucestershire folk song.Smith, A. C. H.
176410A relation, Captain Agreen Crabtree, settled at Hancock Point, Maine.Brown
176511Paid 6s 8d as choirmaster's organ-blower, Chipping Sodbury.Tattersall
176612Travelled to Sowerby, Yorkshire, home of Crabtree/Krabtree family; attended school at Rishworth, Halifax.Smith, Hugh, Jones

A choirboy, nicknamed 'Cuckoo Joe'. Read Priestley's

History of Electricity, and objected to the inverse square law; influenced by Newton.

Met Jonas Hannay; influenced his The Sea Lad's Trusty Companion.

  Uncle Jeremiah Crabtree in American colonies supplying domestic servants and other female providers of services; possible father of John Quincy Adams, later 6th U.S. President.McMullen
176814Flute boy on Captain Cook's first voyage; met Joseph Banks.Freeman, R.
  Involved in biological commando raid at Rio de Janeiro.Fisher
176915Met Richard Price at Newington Green, and delivered his letter to Benjamin Franklin, later published in the Philosophical Transactions; met Lord Shelburne, formerly William Petty, later Marquess of Lansdowne.Harte
  Helped building of 'Fort Venus' on Tahiti.Fisher
177016Interest in amorous verse; involved with Jenner and a milkmaid.Jones
  Attended Eton College under the name of Burke.Graham-Campbell
  Objected to a clergyman's account of what took place at 'Shakespeare's Crab Tree'.Emslie
177117Revolutionised actuarial practice with concept of 'fictitious lives'; subsequently well remunerated by insurance companies.Harte
  Expelled from Eton for lampooning the Headmaster.Graham-Campbell
177218Met Jeremiah 'Bramah' Postlethwaite, inventor.Rowe
  Met Joseph Priestley; invented soda water.Mullin
  In Rome as Giuseppe Maria Silvestri, having been spirited there by agents of Pope Clement XIV, whom he assisted in the suppression of the Jesuits; also studied use of tobacco in curing syphilis.Crawford
  Befriended Albanian poet Gjul Variboba in Oxford. Duma
177319Sent down from Queen's College, Oxford (Hilary Term), for writing satirical verses about his tutor.Sutherland
  Tutor was Jacob Jefferson, who erased his name from the matriculation list.Scott
  Employed in Cambridge University Library bindery;Brown
  Possibly bound, certainly catalogued, The Matrons, Ephesian, Chinese, French, British, Turkish and Roman (London, 1762) and identified the author as Thomas Percy, Bishop of DromoreCrawford
  Lived in London with Bramah/Postlethwaite; invented beer pump.Rowe
  Recruited as a life-long spy.Gee
  Published first of six poems under name of Malcolm M'Greggor.Bromage
  Dr. Johnson lost his cudgel (later Crabtree's) on the Isle of Mull.Graham-Campbell
  Possibly in Philadelphia on a secret mission involving Thomas Jefferson.Freeman, M.
177420Wrote poems for Jeremy Bentham.Scott
  Resided at the Crabtree Tavern, Tottenham Court Road.Mullin
177521Influenced by Linnaeus's Sexual Systems of Plants.Fisher
  Produced the Bramah pewter sucking bottle, and later the Crabtree skewer and other child-care items.Freeman, M.
177622Visited Sweden and the Low Countries; met Linnaeus and gave him model of the Stinkhorn (Phallus impudicus).Freeman, M.
  Sent to America as a spy; met Thomas Jefferson.Burk
  Possibly involved in drafting the United States Declaration of IndependenceFreeman, M.
177723Feelgood Plimsby, ancestor of dynasty of Pummerys and Guggenheims, born to Chastity Smallbottom.McMullen
  Sister Fanny Crabtree travelled to Sweden, impersonating her brother, to retrieve the phallus.Latchman
177824Inspired Bramah's patent of the water closet, and many subsequent patented inventions.Rowe
177925As 'Batty" got to know Goethe in Weimar.Larrett
  Introduced 'statistics' into English, but rejected the term.Harte
  Met John Wesley and challenged him on the efficacy of prayer.Mullin
178026Offered Joseph Banks a pair of unicorn horns for his collection.Fisher
178127Attended the Thrale brewery sale; bought two small vats off Samuel Johnson.Mullin
178329Employed in his Uncle Oliver's wine business, Crabtree & Hillier, at Orleans; wrote Ode to Claret.Sutherland
  Alias M. M'Greggor, imprisoned for debt in Fleet Prison.Thomas
  Experimented with Watt and water.Smith, A. C. H.
178430Met Joseph Cottle, publisher in Bristol.Bennett
  Involved in the abduction of the Linnaean Collections; ship pursued by the Swedish Navy.Fisher
  On vinous Grand Tour in France with Thomas Jefferson.Burk
178531Met and annoyed Coulomb at Blois.Jones
  Involved in founding The Times; subsequently a prolific foreign and political correspondent for over fifty years.McNally
178632As 'Tischbein' met Goethe in Rome.Larrett
  Interfered with Leonardo da Vinci's manuscript drawings in the Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan.Armour
178733With Goethe in Naples; met Sir William Hamilton, British envoy, and Emma Harte.Larrett
  Sent by Hamilton to Portugal as 'Berti' to obstruct William Beckford.dos Santos
  Provided claret for Thomas Jefferson.Freeman, M.
178834Founded dining club with Richard Price and Lord Shelburne after Price's sermon before the Society for Commemorating the Glorious Revolution of 1688; all guests to become members 'save Burke'.Harte
  Researching molluscs rescues Jane Collier from the sea at Poulton-le-Sands; fathers John Payne Collier                                                                                                        Johnson
178935Involved in Steevens's fake Anglo-Saxon inscription.Graham-Campbell
  Proposed international system of metrification and decimalisation.Mullin
  Infiltrated the Lunar Society in Birmingham.Smith, A. C. H.
  At Orleans intercepted key papers between Madrid and Paris during the Nootka Sound crisis.Mason
  Inspiration of James Boswell in the production of Life of Dr Samuel Johnson; possible references to Crabtree in A. E. Housman's last poems. North
179036Took lodgings with Paul Vallon.Sutherland
  Employed at the Bank of England; visited Germany, France, Switzerland and Italy with Wordsworth.Bromage
  At Porlock fathered Joseph William Crabtree, later naval officer who received langridge shot in the groin, retired 1851.Cadwallader
  Met William Blake in Newington ButtsHogan-Herne
179137Visited Birmingham to foment the mob against Priestley. With Wordsworth in France; met Vallon's sister Annette; Wordsworth accepted paternity of Crabtree's child.Sutherland
  Conflict with Browning.Bromage
  Published translation of Volksmärchen der Deutschen under Beckford's name.dos Santos
  Met Joseph Haydn at Grand Lodge meeting in London, and then travelled to Austria to learn more of Mozart's music; fell in love with Constanze Mozart and went with her to Baden; contracted venereal disease. Plotted with Constanze to murder Mozart, employing a compound of mercury (later known as 'Crabtree's butter') to poison Mozart while disguised as Joseph Primus.Foreman
  Contribution to Mozart's Clarinet Concerto and later similar influences on Schubert's Trout Quintet, Tchaikovsky's first string quintet and Shostakovich's 10th symphony. Bogle
  Planned the escape of the French royal family.Mason
179238In Carcassonne at Madame de Stael's town house.Tancock
  Met the Comtesse de Blague and her dog.Armstrong
  Influenced Mozart's Clarinet Concerto.Bogle
  Completed Mozart's Requiem under the alias Joseph Eybler.Foreman
  Arranged meeting between Talleyrand and Pitt.Mullin
  Used the name Jean Pierre Chauveau in France and subsequently became a colonel in Napoleon's Imperial Guard. An Indian raid on Crab Orchard, Kentucky, destroyed all records of Crabtree's role in the American Revolutionary War.Mason
179339At Juniper Hall, Dorking, as Madame de Stael's butler, for wedding of Fanny Burney to the émigré General D'Arblay.Tancock
  Visited Hamish Auchtermuchty Anstruther in Pittenweem, Fife, ScotlandArmstrong
  Published Gregory King's autobiography in J. Dalloway's Inquiry into the Origin and Progress of the Science of Heraldry in England (Gloucester, 1793).Harte
  Likely to have been with Robert Burns in Galloway.Graham-Campbell
  Informed by his father Llewellyn of his Welsh family background.Griffiths
  Discovery and implementation in Edinburgh of "Crabtree Effect" in fermentation of beer.Mowbray

At Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch composing poems for Goethe.

179541Goethe published German translation of Crabtree's poems revealing his affair with Emma Harte (Erotica Romana).Larrett
   Disrupting "Assignat" auctions in France causing financial turmoil Chadha
179642Poem signed Joseph de la Pommeraye.Tancock
  Invented Crabtree's Butter Compound.Tay
  Used the Baroness von Lichtenstein as a dead-letter-box in Innsbruck.Gee
  Witness in law case involving Boulton and Watt, and Bramah.Smith, A. C. H.
  Helped Napoleon extend his reach with the future Empress Josephine.Mason
179743Cured Malthus of the tympanites at Juniper Hall on return from France; propounded precursor of oral contraceptive pill.Tay
  Planned paper notes as legal tender at awkward stage of war with France.Mason
  Designed suspension of gold convertibility enabling Government to finance war effort; advises Privy Council to suspend cash payments, protect gold reserves and circulate Bank notes Chadha
  Alleged to have fathered Eugene Delacroix  Chadha
  Evidence from the autopsy gives rise to new disease "Crabtritis". Crabtree foreskin a possible relic in Santa Maria La Scala in Naples.
Worked as a translator for the Jesuits in Rome.
179844Met Elizabeth, mother of Thomas Hood, poet.Bromage
  Wordsworth virtually admitted to Cottle that he plagiarised Crabtree's poetry.Bennett
  Wordsworth arranged stay at Porlock; met Coleridge at time of his supposed composition of Kubla Khan.Peake
  Mistaken by Hazlitt for a smuggler in Somerset, but erased from Hazlitt's account.Dodgson
  Persuaded Wordsworth to quantify certain lines in Tintern Abbey and The Thorn.Mullin
179945Offended by Humphry Davy sneering at Newton's work in a public lecture.Nyholm
  Served among Bank of England Volunteers. Employment at the Bank of England ended when found in collapsed tunnel.Bromage
  Having recognised the significance of the Rosetta Stone in Egypt, accompanied Napoleon back to France and helped him seize power, and subsequently fell out with Pitt.Mason
  Sailed from Le Havre to Rhode Island with du Pont brothers, arriving 1 January 1800.Rowe
  Fathered Cuban philosopher and educator José de la Luz y Caballero leading to gay icon status. Miller
180046Wrongly reported dead, along with A. Cottle, from pleuritic fever.Sutherland
  Sister Fanny Crabtree, long in a lunatic asylum as Miss Cott, perhaps began permanently to impersonate her possibly dead brother.Latchman
  Met William Herbert, third son of Earl of Carnarvon.Foote
  Stayed in Philadelphia before returning to France to raise capital for gunpowder mill on Brandywine River; but slipped back to England.Rowe
  Inspired Wordsworth to mock him in Poems on the Naming of Places.Dodgson
  Assisted Henry Cary in translating Dante.Armour
  While in America, founded the Crabtree Institute of America; also journeyed to Crabtree Falls, North Carolina, and to Knoxville, Tennessee, where he comforted a widow; many thereabouts bear the name Crabtree to this day.Smith, A. C. H.
180147Voyaged to India with G. B. Crabtree, import (claret)/export (rhinoceros horns) business in Calcutta.Datta
  Masterminded the first population census.Harte
  In India, China and Macau with artist George Chinnery who may have painted the portrait. Dealing in machinery, opium, wine and rhino horn. Produced pastilles made from crab apples. Indulged in mistresses, heavy drinking and gambling. Nearly died. Aiken
180248Referred to in Wordsworth's The Leechgatherer.Sutherland
  Wordsworth dedicated his poem To the Cuckoo to Crabtree on hearing he was still alive.Jones
  Returned to England from France.Thomas
  Attended the Wernerian Natural History Society in Edinburgh, and first realised the implications of chirality.Fisher
180349Inspired Brougham to attack Young's lecture on light in the Edinburgh Review.Jones
  First met Thomas Campbell.Carter
  As 'Samuel Purkis', supplied Coleridge with Indian hemp from Banks's garden in Hounslow.Fisher
  Returned to India, the first of many visits, incurring the displeasure of the Duke of Wellington.Mason
  Inspired Mexican war of independence of 1810. Miller
180450Wrote anonymous article on The Women of Bulgaria: a Study of their Anatomy and Physiology.Tay
180551Returned from Calcutta under alias 'Joseph Blacket'.Datta
  Commenced legal practice as Proctor in London.Thomas
  Present at the Battle of Trafalgar and composed Nelson's famous and poignant signal; present when Nelson's last words were misheard.Mason
  Inspired Simon Bolivar to liberate the Americas from Spanish oppression. Miller
180652Guest of Sir Joseph Banks at the Royal Society to hear Davy's lecture.Rowe
  Impersonated poet Andreas Bello as Simon Bolivar's fixer in South America and as a spy for the British Government and the Jesuits. Martin
180753Alias 'Joseph Blacket', residing with gamekeeper at Seaham, Country Durham; met Isabella Milbanke, later wife of Byron.Datta
180854Accepted chair at Vilno University, Poland.Carter
  In Portugal fooled the French into being defeated by Wellington at Vimerio; deplored the subsequent convention signed at Sintra, and his deepened enmity with Wellington prolonged the Peninsula War.Mason
  In Cornwall with Richard Trevithick, invented the Crabtree shaft pin for C-link coupling of locomotive vehicles                                                                                                    Tyler
180955Appointed Reader in Criminology, University of Oxford.Hargrove
  Attended dinner party in London with Walter Scott, Davy, Coleridge and others, a poetic incident which continued to play on Coleridge's mind.Jones
  With Trevithick in demonstration of steam locomotive and wagon in Bloomsbury                  Tyler
  Travelled with Byron in Albania, authored An Englishman in Albania.  Met Ali Pasha and arranged supply of goods, cannons and munitions. Established a vineyard for Krabtri wine. Duma
181056Alexander Maconochie appointed his research assistant.Hargrove
  Known as the 'cobbler' poet of Durham.Datta
  Represented in Blake's drawing 'The Ghost of a Flea'.Spencer
   Joint author of report on Bank of England monetary policy  Chadha
181157Through Byron, met publisher John Murray.Bennett
  Presented with silver nut-dish by inmates of Oxford House of Correction.Hargrove
181258Adviser to the Home Office on sex legislation.Hargrove
  Exchanged locks of hair with Byron at Murray's house.Bennett
  Made a baron by Napoleon, and took part in the invasion of Russia.Mason
181359Got Jenner blackballed by the Royal College of Physicians; Jenner sent note reading 'Pox Vobiscum'.Jones
181460Member of invasion force to America, at Battle of Bladensburg and sack of Washington.Burk
  Probably in China catching crabs and distributing shaft pin couplings. Tyler
181561At the Haycock Inn, Wansford, with Isabella Byron (née Milbanke); fathered Augusta Ada Byron.Tattersall
  At Battle of New Orleans betrayed British army in interests of "special relationship".Burk
  Played key role in the Battle of Waterloo, and in the Congress of Vienna.Mason
  In Vienna, met Princess Katharina, and also first met Schubert; addressed the Polish question.Sinnhuber
181662Denounced Davy's Safety Lamp at Royal Institution.Nyholm
  Met Keats in Hampstead. Underwent sex operation.Tattersall
  After sex change threw stones at Prince Regent's carriage shouting "Votes for women".Johnson
  At villa by Lake Geneva with Byron, Dr Polidori, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Mary Godwin (Shelley) and Claire Clairmont.  Wrote FrankensteinT. Bennett
181763Portrait of Crabtree needing mercury treatment published in R. Willan's Delimitations of Cutaneous Diseases.Manuel
   Wrote Ozymandias misattributed to Shelley. Saggerson
181864Introduced the velocipede into Chipping Sodbury. Attended Coleridge's lecture on Dante with Crabb Robinson.Armour
  At a villa in Lerici with Percy Bysshe Shelley and Mary ShelleyT. Bennett
181965Visited Austria with Wordsworth.Tattersall
  Met Schubert, heard and influenced Trout Quintet.Bogle
182066Helped edit Murray's Army List, Militia List and Imperial Yeomanry List.Bennett
  Publication of Ars Salutandi.Tattersall
  Sent false information to the Morgen Post in Vienna about weather at the time of Mozart's death under the alias Joseph Deiner in order to cloud further the truth about Mozart's death.Foreman
  Wrote sonnet for Wordsworth.Griffiths
  Met Ann Lear, sang ‘The owl and the pussy-cat went to sea, They dined on basil and the crab-tree apple, which they ate with a runcible spoon’Riglin
182167Cousin George went bankrupt and sent to New South Wales for fraud.Nyholm
  George Crabtree was son of Jeremiah Crabtree.McMullen
  Instrumental in founding the Athenaeum Club with John Murray.Stevenson
182268Visited Walter Scott in Edinburgh.Jones
  Bought Crabtree field, site of projected Camarthen Square, later site of UCL.Scott
  Translated Scott's Lady of the Lake into Polish.Carter
182369Author of poem in The Cambridge Tart attacking statue of Pitt at Cambridge, erroneously ascribed to Wordsworth.Wilson
182571Proposed trip to India and China on the Kent; shipwrecked in the Bay of Biscay.Cadwallader
182672Proposed the founding of the University of London (now UCL) to Thomas Campbell and Henry Brougham.Stevenson
182773Visited Norway; met Ibsen's mother.Foote
  Employed at the Bank of England (Exeter branch).Bromage
182874His research led to the Disorderly Houses Act.Hargrove
  Translated McCulloch's Discourse on the Rise,Progress, Peculiar Objects and Importance of Political Economy into Polish.Carter
  Became Professor of Political Arithmetick at the University of London in petto; inaugural lecture, 'Sex among the Dead', created stir, but now lost.Harte
182975At London Zoo, inspired Edward Lear to write The Dong with the Luminous Nose.Spencer
  Invented the Siamese marine engine.Cadwallader
183076Read paper at the Society of Antiquaries.Wilson
  Left employment at the Bank of England (Exeter branch).Bromage
  Attended the ink fish meeting at the Academie Francaise, provoking Cuvier and Geoffroy; demolished Nature Philosophy and Lamarckism.Fisher
183278Retired from legal practice in London; resided at Ashburton in Devon.Thomas
  With Campbell, founded The Literary Association of the Friends of Poland.Carter
  Transformed algebra with theoretical developments ascribed to Evariste Galois, rightfully identified as Crabtree's Theorem.Lighthill
  Underwent further sex operation following the death of Bentham.Harte
183480Collecting runes and charms in Karelian villages in Finland; inspired the Finnish poetic tradition, and indeed the Finnish nation.Butcher
  Crossed to Boulogne to observe women sea-bathing and on to Paris to accompany godson to attend medical lectures given by P. Ricord and to admire Madame Mars.Manuel
183581On New Year's Day attended Opéra Francais in Paris, and later that month a performance of Molière at the Théatre Francais.Manuel
  May have been a founder member of the Society of Rechabites.Peake
  Or possibly the Newcastle Teetotal Society, when it was founded.Clarke
183783Attended Professor John Ellison's demonstration of Mesmerism at University College Hospital; Elizabeth Okey fell into his lap.Clarke
  Poem Ode to a Coral Insect forged by Thomas J. Wise.Brown
183884Went with Harriet Martineau from London to Newcastle, to attend the British Association meeting, and to lecture on phrenology to the Phrenological Society.Clarke
  Announced theory of intellectual symmetry at this meeting.Fisher
  Crabtree Club met at University College London.Harte
  Attended Carlyle's lecture on Dante in Portman Square; gave instruction on Dante at University College London in disguise.Armour
183985Found not guilty of rape at Devon Assizes, Exeter.Thomas
184086Possible date of Crow MS (removed from Pierpoint Morgan Library in New York) containing Under Crab Tree and other poems anticipating Keats, Housman and T. S. Eliot, etc.Crow
  Helped Verdi complete his second opera Un Giorno di Regno; travels from Egypt to Calcutta; involved in First Opium War. Saggerson
184187Met Stanley Ralwinson on the Tolpoper and persuaded him not to return to the CotswoldsHogan-Herne
  Met Charles Baudelaire on the Paquebot travelling from Bordeux to Calcutta persuaded him to become a poet – influenced Le Vampire  and Tristesses de la LuneHogan-Herne
184288Persuades Emperor Daoguang with Mandarin translations of Romantic poems to make peace and is present at signing of Treaty of Nanjing; awarded Order of the Jade Feather. Saggerson
184389Probably responsible for arson which destroyed Bramah's factory in Pimlico.Smith, A. C. H.
184692Deliberately frightened Wheatstone away from proposed lecture at the Royal Institution; Faraday gave impromptu discourse instead, making remarks which inspired Maxwell to conceive electromagnetic theory.Jones
184894English translation published of Crabtree's La troupe sort.Tancock
  Arranged Chopin's visit to London.Carter
  Welcomed Metternich, his friend since 1815, to London.Sinnhuber
  Danced the Xie Shu (crab tree) Shuffle, popularised 100 years later in America as the soft shoe shuffle.                                                                                                            Tyler
185197Published under pseudonym of Jane Christmas Blots on the Escutcheon of Rome. A Brief History of the Chief Papal Persecutions, setting in motion the chain of events that led to the unification of Rome with Italy.Crawford
185399Australian poems appeared under the name of Henry Kendall; influenced C. J. Dennis.Nyholm
  Met and inspired Sir Henry Flashman at Rugby School.Anderson
1854100Visited Charlotte Brontë in Haworth, Yorkshire. Died and buried at Haworth Church.Tattersall