Complex Urban Systems for Sustainability and Health



Nairobi is the seat of both Kenya’s national and county governments and is the focal point of service provision for both. The primary focus of engagement with the county government is on the development of spatial plans for two districts in which substantial development is planned. Participatory approaches involving all sectors, residents, and politicians to achieve buy-in contribute to the design of integrated district plans. These approaches give the public a real voice in spatial planning. Nairobi County Government leadership, together with the CUSSH research team, has applied systems thinking to drive fundamental rethinking of problems and solutions and to develop policy options and implementation strategies.

All plans in the city must be grounded on the Nairobi Integrated Urban Development Master Plan (NIUPLAN), aimed at decentralizing functions to sub-centres. CUSSH’s contribution is in the two areas: one is in the western part of the city with more affluent residential areas (Woodley), while the other is in the eastern part of the city, with more high-rise developments, dense population, and poorer residents (Kasarani).’
Ruth Waruguru Muroki, Director of Urban Policy & Research, Nairobi City County Government