Children and Families Policy Research Unit


NIHR Children and Families Policy Research Unit


Case Study: Long-term Conditions

Research today for a healthier tomorrow

Long Term Conditions

Which ethnicities are at highest risk of developing type 2 diabetes as children?

Type 2 diabetes - the kind that's linked to lifestyle - is a hot topic. It currently costs the NHS a massive £8.8 billion per year, just under 9% of its entire budget, and the numbers are set to rise.

Plans to tackle type 2 diabetes are underway, with the rollout of the NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme (NHS DPP) this year. But how do policy makers decide on the focus for these public health initiatives? Research carried out by the CPRU can help.

Key Points:

  • We investigated risk factors for type 2 diabetes in children
  • Highest rates were found in children of Asian and mixed ethnic backgrounds
  • Type 2 diabetes was more prevalent in girls compared to boys

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This case study is for the long-term conditions theme.