UCL Institute for Environmental Design and Engineering


Elzavira Felaza Effendi

Inter-organisational learning dynamics in sanitation governance – a case study of Indonesia

Funded by Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP).

Access to safely managed sanitation is a human right, and in the case of Indonesia, local governments are responsible for its implementation. Untreated domestic wastewater has brought major health, environmental and socio-economic impacts. Governing how human waste is managed, is one of the key factors in tackling the challenges and achieving safely managed sanitation. Various regulations, policies, programmes and strategies, have been pushed by multi-stakeholder collaborations of institutions working for the sanitation sector. By far, the results of these efforts have succeeded in driving households closer to an open defecation free environment, however, the achievement of safely managed sanitation will require a larger push. Inter-organisational learning platforms have been established to enable learning processes across different levels involved in governing human waste. The extent to which inter-organisational learning dynamics supports sanitation governance to reach safely managed sanitation,  is yet to be explored.

This research will investigate the role of inter-organisational learning in sanitation governance. Cultural-historical activity theory, a learning theory focused on analysing activity systems, provides a possible framework to explore this issue. This study will examine the inter-organisational learning processes which occurs among the actors of sanitation governance. It will seek out the types of innovations, the learning spur and the implications to existing work patterns. Thus, it will provide optimisation to the role of inter-organisational learning in support of achieving safely managed sanitation in Indonesia.