UCL Energy Institute


Senami Zamba

Thesis Title: Energy Access: Key Factors to Sustainability of Energy Access Projects for Inclusive Development

Primary supervisor: Dr. Gabrial Anandarajah

Secondary supervisor: Dr. Julia Tomei

For some time now, energy has been widely identified as a key factor for achieving sustainable development and human well-being. Access to Energy facilitates a number of other services and economic activity. Yet, around 1.1 billion people sill live without access to electricity and 2.7 billion people still rely on harmful traditional biomass for cooking.

This has fueled a number of policy attempts to solve the problem of energy access by different key actors, from governments to international donors and organisations which have produced varying degrees of success. In order to achieve sustainable development however, the modern energy interventions need to be sustainable themselves. Attempts to analyse the impacts of interventions have been analysed in different ways. Depending on the initial objectives of the sponsors of the projects. 

This research aims to identify key multi-dimensional factors that lend to the long-term sustainability and successful dissemination of such interventions for inclusive development of those found in excluded rural areas where most of those without access are found.


A curiosity in the delivery of electrical power led to a completion of a BEng in Electrical and Electronic Engineering at the University of Nottingham in 2011 which was immediately followed by a specialised Masters of Science Degree in Power Systems Engineering at UCL in 2012. Following an MBA and work experience as an Electrical engineer, it became apparent that the delivery of energy services where not only subject to technical challenges but an interplay of many other factors which is the subject of her research.