UCL Energy Institute


A blind detection of a large, complex, Sunyaev--Zel'dovich structure


1 January 2010

We present an interesting Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) detection in the first of the Arcminute Microkelvin Imager (AMI) 'blind', degree-square fields to have been observed down to our target sensitivity of 100{\mu}Jy/beam. In follow-up deep pointed observations the SZ effect is detected with a maximum peak decrement greater than 8 \times the thermal noise. No corresponding emission is visible in the ROSAT all-sky X-ray survey and no cluster is evident in the Palomar all-sky optical survey. Compared with existing SZ images of distant clusters, the extent is large (\approx 10') and complex; our analysis favours a model containing two clusters rather than a single cluster. Our Bayesian analysis is currently limited to modelling each cluster with an ellipsoidal or spherical beta-model, which do not do justice to this decrement. Fitting an ellipsoid to the deeper candidate we find the following. (a) Assuming that the Evrard et al. (2002) approximation to Press & Schechter (1974) correctly gives the number density of clusters as a function of mass and redshift, then, in the search area, the formal Bayesian probability ratio of the AMI detection of this cluster is 7.9 \times 10^4:1; alternatively assuming Jenkins et al. (2001) as the true prior, the formal Bayesian probability ratio of detection is 2.1 \times 10^5:1. (b) The cluster mass is MT,200 = 5.5+1.2\times 10^14h-1M\odot. (c) Abandoning a physical model with num- -1.3 70 ber density prior and instead simply modelling the SZ decrement using a phenomenological {\beta}-model of temperature decrement as a function of angular distance, we find a central SZ temperature decrement of -295+36 {\mu}K - this allows for CMB primary anisotropies, receiver -15 noise and radio sources. We are unsure if the cluster system we observe is a merging system or two separate clusters.

A blind detection of a large, complex, Sunyaev--Zel'dovich structure.

Consortium, AMI; Shimwell, TW; Barker, RW; Biddulph, P; Bly, D; Boysen, RC; Brown, AR; Brown, ML; Clementson, C; Crofts, M; Culverhouse, TL; Czeres, J; Dace, RJ; Davies, ML; D'Alessandro, R; Doherty, P; Duggan, K; Ely, JA;Felvus, M; Feroz, F; Flynn, W; Franzen, TMO; Geisbusch, J; Genova-Santos, R; Grainge, KJB; Grainger, WF;Hammett, D; Hobson, MP; Holler, CM; Hurley-Walker, N; Jilley, R; Kaneko, T; Kneissl, R; Lancaster, K; Lasenby, AN;Marshall, PJ; Newton, F; Norris, O; Northrop, I; Odell, DM; Olamaie, M; Pober, YCPJC; Pooley, GG; Pospieszalski, MW; Quy, V; Rodriguez-Gonzalvez, C; Saunders, RDE; Scaife, AMM; Schammel, MP; Schofield, J; Scott, PF; Shaw, C; Smith, H; Titterington, DJ; Velic, M; Waldram, EM; West, S; Wood, BA; Yassin, G; Zwart, JTL; (2010) 

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