Skip to site navigation

The Contemporary House of Lords: Westminster Bicameralism Revived

Meg Russell's new book is now on sale

As the second chamber of the Westminster parliament, the House of Lords has a central position in British politics. But it is far less well-studied and well understood than the House of Commons. This is in part because of constant expectations that it is about to be reformed - but most Lords reform plans fail, as the Coalition government's dramatically did in 2012. Meanwhile, following a landmark change in 1999 which removed most of its hereditary members, the Lords' role in the policy process has grown. Understanding the chamber is therefore now essential to understanding politics and parliament in Britain.

This book provides the first detailed portrait of the post-1999 Lords, explaining who sits in the chamber, how it operates, and crucially what policy impact it has. Its membership is shown to be more diverse and modern than many would assume, and its influence on policy to be substantial. As a 'no overall control' chamber, in which no party has a majority, it has inflicted numerous defeats on the Blair, Brown and Cameron governments, and become an important site of negotiation. It has provided a power base for the Liberal Democrats, and includes a group of almost 200 independents who now play a pivotal role.

Close study of today's House of Lords demolishes some common myths about British politics, and also about how two chamber parliaments work. This book, as well as focusing on the contemporary Lords, provides a historical and comparative context for British bicameralism, asks whether the Lords can be considered 'legitimate', and describes recent reform efforts and possible future reforms.

Praise for the Book

The Contemporary House of Lords: Westminster Bicameralism Revived has been nominated for a Politicos book award. See shortlist here.


“The House of Lords operates largely out of the political limelight, so is easily misunderstood and often caricatured. This book provides an important corrective, from an author with a really thorough grasp of the chamber's political dynamics. Meg Russell demonstrates that reforms since 1999 have had profound effects, and the Lords is now a far more modern parliamentary institution than many people think. This is an absorbing and highly readable account of the shifting influence of the second chamber.” Baroness D'Souza, Lord Speaker, House of Lords
“Forget the ermine and expenses. This book shows why the House of Lords matters more than ever in shaping the laws that affect us all. A masterful re-assessment of the second chamber in the 21st century.” James Landale, Deputy Political Editor, BBC
"All second chambers in parliamentary systems are somewhat anomalous, but none more so than the unelected House of Lords. Yet it works – and has substantially increased its influence. As Meg Russell shows in this meticulously researched and authoritative monograph, the post-1999 Lords has developed into a far more effective check on Britain’s famously powerful executive than for decades past. Russell's analysis is set to become an essential point of reference for both observers of British politics and students of comparative politics. Few books are definitive. This one is." Anthony King, Professor of Government, University of Essex

Book Reviews

'An authoritative and very readable scholarly work which is essential reading for anyone interested in contemporary British politics’. Gordon Bannerman - LSE Review of Books

'...as Russell points out, if reformers want a more assertive Second Chamber, they already have one'. Ben Worthy, Lecturer in Politics, Birkbeck - The Birkbeck Politics Department Blog

An 'excellent' and 'readable' book. Baroness Hayter, Labour peer - Progress Online




Parliament Homepage

NEWS

BLOG

Concerns about the Steel/Byles Lords reform bill: a summary

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 16:01:07 +0000

David Steel’s Lords reform bill (previously sponsored in the Commons by Dan Byles) had its second reading in the chamber on Friday. Last night the Constitution Unit and Constitution Society jointly hosted a meeting in the Lords to discuss concerns about the bill. Its main provisions – allowing peers to retire, and for the expulsion of serious criminals - have […]

Read more...

Does Commons “financial privilege” on Lords amendments need reform?

Thu, 13 Mar 2014 12:18:22 +0000

During its initial passage through the House of Lords in 2011-12, the government suffered seven defeats on amendments to the Welfare Reform Bill. The defeats concerned highly contentious policies, including changes to housing support (the “bedroom tax”), the introduction of a benefit cap, disability benefits, and the reform of the child maintenance system. When the […]

Read more...

The Byles/Steel bill – unless amended – holds grave dangers for the Lords

Wed, 05 Mar 2014 18:06:28 +0000

On Friday 28 February Dan Byles’ Private Member’s Bill on Lords reform completed its Commons passage. It is now in the Lords, and will be sponsored by David Steel. The bill, which allows retirement from the Lords and expulsion of non-attendees and serious criminals, has been presented as a small, uncontroversial “housekeeping” measure. But as […]

Read more...
Meg Russell's new book, The Contemporary House of Lords:
Lords book cover - png file

Projects 

CONSULTANCY

The Constitution Unit

Page last modified on 19 feb 14 15:38

Footer menu