Institute for the Physics of Living Systems


IPLS Seminar - Dr. Marco Cosentino Lagomarsino (IFOM)

20 March 2019, 11:00 am–12:00 pm

Marco Cosentino Lagomarsino

Title: A quantitative approach to cell-cycle progression in single cells

Event Information

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2nd Floor Seminar Room (2.30), LMCB
MRC Building
Gower Street

Abstract: Dynamic single-cell data available today open unprecedented opportunities to explore the cell cycle.  I will describe (through two main examples) a set of analysis tools that we have developed over the past years to reverse-engineer cell-cycle progression and its coupling to cell growth.  Our methods combine data analysis of the available dynamic single-cell data (hundreds to tens of thousands cell cycles) with novel mathematical models. In E. coli, this set of tools has lead us to propose a new model the coordination of cell division with the chromosome replication-segregation cycle, which challenges the prevalent view that cells divide a fixed amount of time after they start to copy their chromosomes. Instead, we find that two concurrent processes - an inter-division process (limited, e.g., by septum completion) and a replication-limited process - compete to determine cell division. We propose that the concept of transitions between cell-cycle stages as decisional processes integrating multiple inputs instead of cascading from orchestrated steps can affect the way we think of the cell cycle in general. In metazoans, the same toolbox allowed us to show for the first time that mammalian cells modulate their growth rate to achieve size homeostasis, as well as to quantify the G1/S size checkpoint in different conditions. Finally, our methods enable a meta-analysis of the available dynamic single-cell data comparing size-homeostasis mechanisms across kingdoms, and showing that control by growth-rate modulations appears to be unique of metazoans.

About the Speaker

Dr. Marco Cosentino Lagomarsino

at IFOM the FIRC Institute of Molecular Oncology

More about Dr. Marco Cosentino Lagomarsino