Sir John Tobin

1762 - 27th Feb 1851

Claimant or beneficiary

Biography

Slave-trader, palm oil merchant and Mayor of Liverpool 1819-1820, son of Patrick Tobin of Isle of Man.

  1. Sir John Tobin (1763-1851), 'merchant', born Isle of Man, 'by the 1790s was a master, operating in the slave trade between Africa and the Caribbean', and operated as a privateer in the early years of the war with France. Married 1798 Sarah Aspinall (1770-1853), daughter of James Aspinall (1729-1787), a prominent Liverpool slave-trader. 'This marriage may have brought him capital'. Pioneer of legitimate palm oil trade. Knighted 1820. Built Liscard Hall 1835. 

  2. Appears as Captain in 6 slaving voyages 1793-1803 and as owner in 10 slaving voyages 1794-1804, with William Aspinall in 7, with John Bridge Aspinall and James Aspinall and others (including Peter Whitfield Brancker in one) in 2, and with John Gladstone and others in one, in 1803, in which Tobin also appears as Captain. 

  3. Will of the son, Rev. John Tobin, who died 21/06/1874 formerly of Liscard House but late of Hill Side Caversham proved 10/08/1874 by Emily Ann his widow, effects under £10,000.


Sources

A J H Latham, 'Price fluctuations in the palm oil trade', Journal of African History, 19 (2) (1978), pp. 213-218.

  1. ODNB online, Martin Lynn, 'Tobin, Sir John (1763-1851), merchant.' An image of Liscard Hall is available here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/arts/yourpaintings/paintings/liscard-house-wallasey-wirral-67653 [accessed 14/09/2015].

  2. www.slavevoyages.org [accessed 14/03/2011].

  3. National Probate Calendar 1874.


Further Information

Absentee?
British/Irish
Spouse
Sarah Aspinall
Children
Elisabeth (1799-), Sarah (1806-), John (1810-), Margaret (1813-)
Occupation
Merchant and former slave-trader
Oxford DNB Entry

Associated Claims (2)

£158 8s 11d
Awardee
£875 1s 3d
Awardee

Associated Estates (1)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1834 [EA] - → Joint owner

His path to the joint ownership shown in the compensation records has not yet been traced.


Legacies Summary

Commercial (3)

Name partner
Hughes and Tobins
Shipowner  
 
Senior partner
Tobin and Co.
Insurance Broker  
 
Other partner
Union Mill Company
Rope-Makers  
 

Cultural (1)

Library - mss.
...Bedford Missal (Book of Hours)... 

Physical (2)

Country house
Liscard Hall [Built] 
notes →
Built by Sir John Tobin c. 1835, originally known as Moor Heys House. Demolished after a fire in...
Country house
Liscard House [Built] 
description →
Built c. 1833 by Sir John Tobin for his son on land he acquired in the Wirral. Two years later he built Liscard Hall for himself [Stephanie Barczewski, Country Houses and the British Empire,...

Political (1)

Local Government
 
office →
Mayor
01/01/1819 - 01/01/1820

Relationships (1)

Business partners

Addresses (2)

Liscard Hall, Central Park, Wallasey, Liverpool, Lancashire, Merseyside, North-west England, England
Oak Hill House, Old Swan, Liverpool, Lancashire, Merseyside, North-west England, England