Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville 1st Duke of Buckingham

20th Mar 1776 - 17th Jan 1839

Claimant or beneficiary


Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos KG, PC was the eldest son of George Nugent-Temple-Grenville, 1st Marquess of Buckingham, son of George Grenville, Prime Minister of Great Britain. His mother was Lady Mary Nugent, daughter of Robert Nugent, 1st Earl Nugent. His brother was Lord George Grenville. The additional names of Brydges Chandos were added by royal license on 15 November 1799.

He matriculated at Brasenose College, Oxford, in December 1791 and was still in Oxford in 1794.

Buckingham was elected Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire in 1797 and served until 1813. On 7 June 1804 he opposed Wilberforce’s bill for the abolition of the slave trade, principally ‘because he believed the moment this bill was passed, the death warrant of every white man in the West Indies would be sealed’. Between 1800-01 he was Commander of the Board of Control. In 1806 he was made a Privy Counsellor, appointed Vice-President of the Board of Trade and Joint Paymaster of the Forces in the Ministry of All the Talents headed by his uncle, Lord Grenville. He lost these posts following the fall of the Grenville administration in 1807. In 1820 he was appointed a Knight of the Garter. In 1822 he was made Earl Temple of Stowe.

In April 1796 Buckingham married Lady Anne Brydges (b. 27 Oct 1779, d. 15 May 1836), daughter of James Brydges, 3rd Duke of Chandos and Anna Eliza Brydges (formerly Elletson and born Gamon), Duchess of Chandos. They had a son Richard Plantagenet Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, who was born on 11 February 1797 at Stowe, Buckinghamshire, England.

There are 39 prints in the National Portrait Gallery associated with Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos. He is described as a 'Statesman and print collector' on their website.

He claimed unsuccessfully for the compensation on the Hope estate, which was paid to the trustees of his son's marriage settlement. The Hope estate had come to the family through the Duke's wife Anna Eliza, the daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Chandos.

He died at Stowe on 17 January 1839 and was buried there. Selections of his correspondence on public affairs were later published as Memoirs of the Court of George IV (1859) and Memoirs of the Courts and Cabinets of William IV and Victoria (1861).


F. M. L. Thompson, ‘Grenville, Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-, first duke of Buckingham and Chandos (1776–1839)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2009 [, accessed 31 March 2015]

Further Information

Lady Anne Brydges
Richard Plantagenet Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
Brasenose College [1791-94 ]

Associated Claims (3)

£6,630 5s 6d
Unsuccessful claimant
£3,888 10s 11d
Unsuccessful claimant (consensual) (Owner-in-fee)
£671 2s 4d
Unsuccessful claimant

Associated Estates (2)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1813 [SY] - 1836 [EY] → Joint owner
1834 [EA] - → Owner

Legacies Summary

Physical (2)

Country house
Stowe House 
Stowe Landscape Gardens 
notes →
"...succeeded in buying the Lamport Estate in 1826, which was immediately to the east of the gardens, adding 17 acres (6.9 ha) to the south-east of the gardens to form the Lamport gardens. This work...

Political (1)

election →
Buckinghamshire Buckinghamshire
1797 - 1813

Relationships (5)

Son-in-law → Mother-in-law
Son-in-law → Father-in-law
Father → Son
Husband → Wife

Addresses (1)

Stowe House, Buckinghamshire, Central England, England