James Lawson

???? - 23rd Oct 1863

Claimant or beneficiary

Biography

There is potential confusion around James Lawson. James Lawson of Westmoreland was a very large-scale attorney in the period c. 1817-1832 and is very likely the man dying in Wigtownshire in 1863. The awardee of compensation for 35 enslaved people on Thornhill in Westmoreland Jamaica was shown as 'of London', and is presumed to have been the same man, but this might not be correct. Equally, the James Lawson who owned the Caledonia estate between at least 1817 and 1826 is presumed to be the same man but might have been Dr James Lawson of York Terrace.

  1. Confirmation 15/01/1864 of Commissariot of Wigtown of 04/01/1864 of executors nominate of James Lawson sometime of the parish of Westmor[e]land in the Island of Jamaica and afterwards residing at Whithorn Wigtownshire who died at Whithorn 22/10/1863.

  2. Death [1858] of Miss McCredie, niece of James Lawson of Whithorn, Wigtownshire and formerly of Jamaica.

  3. Thornhill was shown in the Jamaica Almanacs under Margaret Clarke until 1825, when it was shown as Margaret Clarke deceased, and after 1826 it disappears from the Almanacs though not from the Slave Registers. The estate may in fact be Newton, shown for James Lawson 1821-1833 (James Lawson appears between 1818 and 1820 with no estate but 16 and then 20 enslaved people) in the Almanacs but not yet found in the Slave Registers.

  4. James Lawson is shown as the attorney for 5 estates and 4 pens with a total of 1530 enslaved in Westmoreland in 1832.

Sources

T71/871 Westmoreland claim no. 431 (which shows him as 'London'); Times 30/12/1839 p. 8 (death of Catherine, 2nd daughter of James Lawson).

  1. National Probate Calendar 1864.

  2. Times 13/01/1858 p. 1.

  3. Jamaica Almanac (1811-1833).

  4. B. W. Higman, Plantation Jamaica 1750-1850: capital and control in a colonial economy (Mona, Jamaica, University of West Indies Press, 2005) Table 3.2 pp. 66-7.


Associated Claims (1)

£689 11S 4D
Awardee (Owner-in-fee)

Associated Estates (24)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1817 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney
1829 [EA] - → Attorney
1817 [EA] - 01/05/1826 [ED] → Owner
1826 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Executor
1823 [EA] - 1826 [LA] → Executor
1829 [EA] - → Attorney
1823 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney
1829 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney
1829 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney
1823 [EA] - → Attorney
1829 [EA] - → Attorney
1817 [EA] - 1829 [LA] → Attorney
1817 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney
1829 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney
1819 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Owner
1817 [EA] - 1829 [LA] → Attorney
1825 [EA] - 1829 [LA] → Executor
1826 [EA] - 1829 [LA] → Attorney
1817 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney
1829 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney
1829 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney
1829 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney
1826 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Owner
1817 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney