Pembroke

Estate Details


Associated People (5)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1804 [SY] - 1809 [EY] → Mortgage Holder
1804 [SY] - 1809 [EY] → Mortgage Holder
1809 [SY] - 1821 [EY] → Joint owner
1809 [SY] - 1833 [EY] → Joint owner
1774 [EA] - 1788 [EY] → Owner

Associated Claims (1)

£5,110 6S 7D

Estate Information (9)

What is this?

1773
[Number of enslaved people] 230(Tot)  
[Name] Pembroke  
[Size] 450  
[Crop] sugar  
 

The largest and most valuable of Young's St Vincent holdings. Assessed as being worth £46,140 in 1773. Advertised as extending over 450 acres in all, with 330 planted with cane and to be worked by 230 'seasoned' slaves.

 
Email from Peter Marshall, 04/09/2017 sourced to: Bodleian Library Oxford, MS W. Ind, f.1 (notes this is the first volume of a collection of the papers of Young's son, the second Baronet; it largely deals with the management of his inheritance of West Indian lands from his father by Sir William Young the second); National Archives, TS 11/214-17; Public Ledger 03/10/1774 and further advertisements for the largely abortive sale of Young's assets that appeared in the London press between 1774 and 1776.
1774
[Number of enslaved people] 230(Tot)  
[Name] Pembroke  
[Size] 450  
[Crop] Sugar  
 

In October 1774 the Pembroke estate was among those belonging to Sir William Young advertised as to be auctioned 01/06/1775. The estate passed to Sir William Young's son, Sir William Young 2nd bart., on his father's death in 1788.

 
Public Ledger 03/10/1774
1804
[Name] Pembroke  
 

In 1804 John Robley and Charles Brooke agreed to pay Alexander Donaldson £69,511 1s 6d for mortgage debt of £94,511 1s 6d secured on the estates (and the enslaved people) of Sir William Young bart. The estates were identified as Old Road in Antigua and Calliaqua and Pembroke in St Vincent. No cash appears to have changed hands upfront: instead John Robley & co. issued to Alexander Donaldson bills drawn on themselves. On 10 & 11 September 1804 Betsey's Hope on Tobago and the enslaved people on it were added to the security package underpinning the £94,511 1s 6d mortgage debt and any further advances Robley might make (up to £10,000 was envisaged for Betsey's Hope, it appears). In 1809 Robley bought the equity of redemption of Calliaqua and Pembroke under a sale by the Provost Marshall. The 'Calliaqua' estate, referred to as such by Sir William Laurence Young 4th bart in the 1830s, appears to have been described as the Villa estate in the compensation records.

 
Richard Bligh, New Reports of Cases Heard the House of Lords (1835) 'Robley v Brooke' Vol. VII pp. 92 et seq.
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 240(Tot)  
[Name] Pembroke Estate  
 

John Robley and Charles Brook as owners.

 
T71/493 263-267
1822
[Number of enslaved people] 219(Tot) 131(F) 88(M)  
[Name] Pembroke Estate  
 

The heirs of John Robley, deceased and Charles Brooke as owners [Decrease by deaths] 1 enslaved person purchased from David Boyd; 3 exchanged with Alexander McBarnet; 4 recorded as the property of the heirs of John Brown, deceased, but in the possession of John Robley and Charles Brooke and 1 other described as the property of the John Robley].

 
T71/495 127-129
1825
[Number of enslaved people] 207(Tot) 127(F) 80(M)  
[Name] Pembroke Estate  
 

The heirs of the late John Robley and Charles Brooke, statement sworn by William Grant, manager.

 
T71/497 91-92
1827
[Number of enslaved people] 201(Tot) 128(F) 73(M)  
[Name] Pembroke Estate  
 

The heirs of the late John Robley and Charles Brooke. Statement sworn by Alexander McBarnet.

 
T71/497 96-97
1830
[Number of enslaved people] 191(Tot) 125(F) 66(M)  
[Name] Pembroke Estate  
 

Pembroke Estate. Statement sworn by William Grant.

 
T71/499 86-87
1834
[Number of enslaved people] 194(Tot) 127(F) 67(M)  
[Name] Pembroke Estate  
 

Pembroke Estate. The property of the heirs of John Robley and Charles Brooke, deceased. Statement sworn by William Grant. Register taken on 1st May. Total on 1st August 1834 was 195 enslaved people.

 
T71/500 136-139