Stapleton's Estates of Maddens/Russels Rest

Estate Details


Associated People (15)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
- 1776 [LA] → Joint owner

In 1776, Catherine Stapleton bought out the interests of Sir Robert Cotton and William Watkins in the Stapleton estates on St Kitts and Nevis for £18,000 each

1701 [SY] - 1743 [EY] → Tenant-in-tail or Remainderman

The estate was settled on the infant James Russell Stapleton in 1701 by his mother Lady Stapleton (nee Frances Russell), whom he predeceased.

1757 [SY] - 1790 [EY] → Tenant-for-life

The will of Martin Madan of Nevis (d. 1703) shows that he had settled the estate called Russell's on his son Col. Martin Madan, then a minor. Col. Martin Madan died in 1756 [will proved 1757] bequeathing his estate in entail to his son, the Rev. Martin Madan. It is not yet clear how the Russell's estate in these two wills relates to Madden's/Russell's Rest in the compensation records: Russell's Rest is known to have been settled c. 1701 by Lady Stapleton (nee Frances Russell) on her younger son James Russell Stapleton, and half it, renamed Madan's, passed to Penelope Madan nee Russell. .

1785 [SY] - 1826 [EY] → Joint owner
1785 [SY] - 1837 [EY] → Joint owner
1703 [SY] - 1756 [EY] → Not known

The will of Martin Madan of Nevis (d. 1703) shows that he had settled the estate called Russell's on his son Col. Martin Madan, then a minor. Col. Martin Madan died in 1756 [will proved 1757] bequeathing his estate in entail to his son, the Rev. Martin Madan. It is not yet clear how the Russell's estate in these two wills relates to Madden's/Russell's Rest in the compensation records: half of Russell's Rest is known to have been settled c. 1701 by Lady Stapleton (nee Frances Russell) on her younger son James Russell Stapleton, and half it, renamed Madan's, passed to Penelope Madan nee Russell.

06/01/1830 [SD] - 1830 [LA] → Manager

O'Bryan gave evidence in a case against Stapleton's previous manager Mr. Walley who had been accused of the maltreatment of enslaved people upon the estate.

1821 [SY] - 24/03/1828 [ED] → Other

Dr. Hanley attended the estate along with Dr. Cairnes, Dr. Clifton and Dr. Hendrickson. He notes that 'in 1822 I went to England; in 1823 I attended with Dr. Cairnes, and in 1825 I attended alone...'

1817 [EA] - 1822 [LA] → Previous owner
1817 [EA] - 1817 [LA] → Attorney
1821 [EA] - 1821 [LA] → Manager
1825 [EA] - 1825 [LA] → Other
1826 [EA] - 1828 [LA] → Other

The earliest date of association found so far is 'November or December 1826'.

1828 [EA] - 1834 [LA] → Joint owner
1831 [EA] - 1834 [LA] → Other

Associated Claims (1)

£3,465 13S 0D

Notes

Today a prison sits on the estate: "The Prison Farm in Nevis whose official name is Russell’s Rest is located in the hills of Maddens. It is used as a prison for inmates soon to be release from prison and inmates who do not pose a security risk."


Sources

http://www.sknvibes.com/justice/sitepage.cfm?p=69 [sourced 10 December 2015]


Estate Information (9)

What is this?

1703
[Name] Russells  
 

In 1703, Martin Madan late of Nevis and now of London left to his eldest son [Col.] Martin Madan, then a minor, 'over and above the plantation called Russells with the negroes thereunto belonging which myself and wife have settled on him by deed lately made in England', a further £2000. He had also settled a further two unnamed estates on Nevis on his son James Russell Madan.

 
Will of Martin Madan of London proved 20/03/1704 [sic: in fact 1703] PROB 11/475/293
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 256(Tot) 140(F) 116(M)  
[Name] Russels Rest and Maddens  
 

Return of the heirs of Mrs Catherine Stapleton, Rev William Davis Shipley and Barbara Young [Yonge], spinster, joint owners; returned by Robert Mallhall, attorney

 
T71/364 67-72
1821
 

In 1821 Dr. Hanley began 'attending' the estate. He notes there were three managers during this time before Mr. Walley took over: Mr. Mulhall, Mr. Fazakerley and Mr. Fitzpatrick.

 
Slave Populations, 230 (1830-1831), pg. 17.
1822
[Number of enslaved people] 249(Tot)  
[Name] Russell's Rest / Madden's  
 

Return of heirs of the late Mrs. Catharine Stapleton, Rev William Davis [Davies] Shipley and Barbara Young [Yonge], spinster, joint owners

 
T71/365 211-214
1825
[Name] Stapletons  
 

Return of Right Honorable Lord Combermere, Barbara Yonge, and Rev William Davis [Davies] Shipley, owners; returned by William Fazakerley [Russell's Rest / Madden's]

 
T71/366 176-177
1828
[Number of enslaved people] 227(Tot)  
[Name] Russels Rest and Maddens  
 

Return of Lord Combermere and others, owner; returned by John Walley

 
T71/367 151-154
1830
[Number of enslaved people] 190(Tot)  
[Name] Stapleton's  
 

On taking over as manager of the estate on 6 January 1830, John Hitch O'Bryan found 190 enslaved people on the estate.

 
Slave Populations, 230 (1830-1831), pg. 17.
1831
[Number of enslaved people] 193(Tot) 193(F) 80(M)  
[Name] Russells Rest and Maddens  
 

Return of Lord Combermere and others, owners; returned by William Swanston

 
T71/368 193-195
1834
[Number of enslaved people] 194(Tot) 110(F) 84(M)  
[Name] Russels Rest and Maddens  
 

Return of Right Honorable Lord Vis. Combermere and others, owner; returned by William Swanston

 
T71/369 197-198