Clifton's, Paynes and Morton's Bay

Estate Details


Associated People (11)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
- 1763 [EY] → Joint owner

Samuel New left his moiety of the Clifton and Mountain estate in his will of 1763 to his son Rev. James New, specifying that the other half was owned by Richard Cox.

- 1780 [EY] → Joint owner

Co-owner of Clifton estate

1817 [EA] - 1825 [LA] → Other
1817 [EA] - 1828 [LA] → Owner
1817 [EA] - 1834 [LA] → Other
  1. In 1817 Frances Laurence owned 19 enslaved people on the estate of Samuel Laurence. The ownership of the enslaved people was taken over by John Woodley when they married. Ownership of 3 enslaved people reverted to her after John's death.
1828 [EA] - 1834 [LA] → Other
1828 [EA] - 1834 [LA] → Trustee and Executor
1828 [EA] - 1828 [LA] → Residuary Devisee
1828 [EA] - 1828 [LA] → Residuary Devisee
1828 [EA] - 1828 [LA] → Residuary Devisee
1834 [EA] - 1834 [LA] → Other

Associated Claims (1)

£3,655 18S 5D

Notes

David Small and Christine Eickelmann's 'Clifton Estate, Nevis: an Account of Absence and Ambition' is an exemplary estate history of Clifton, which by the 1880s had consolidated the original Clifton estate with Morton's Bay plantation and pond, Sheppards Land and the Lower plantation http://seis.bris.ac.uk/~emceee/cliftonhistory.pdf [accessed 29/11/2017].


Estate Information (6)

What is this?

1817
[Number of enslaved people] 179(Tot) 91(F) 86(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

Return of Samuel Laurence, owner; those listed include enslaved people 'belonging' to Frances [19 ]and Ann Laurence [1] [estate name not given in the return; information from other returns used to identify the estate]

 
T71/364 31-34
1822
[Number of enslaved people] 193(Tot)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

Return of Samuel Laurence, owner; of the total number of enslaved people listed, Samuel Laurence 'owned' 173 enslaved people, John Woodley 18 enslaved people, and Anne Laurence 2 enslaved people. [estate name not given in the return; information from other returns used to identify the estate]

 
T71/365 130-132
1825
[Number of enslaved people] 197(Tot)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

Return of Samuel Laurence; the total includes enslaved people owned by Mrs Frances Woodley (19) and Ann Laurence (1). [estate name not given in the return; information from other returns used to identify the estate]

 
T71/366 117-118
1828
[Number of enslaved people] 161(Tot)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

Return of "Samuel Laurence, late of this Island, Esquire since deceased � but now in the possession of James Laurence Esquire as manager appointed by William Laurence Esquire, the Rev J H Laurence, John Woodley and Samuel Laurence Esquires, devisees thereof in trust under the last will and testament of the said Samuel Laurence deceased..."; Included in the total are a number of enslaved people who belong solely to Mrs Woodly (3), Rev J H Laurence (1), and Miss Catherine Laurence (1) ; 16 of the enslaved people listed were transferred under Samuel Laurence's will [estate name not given in the return; information from other returns used to identify the estate]

 
T71/367 112-116
1831
[Number of enslaved people] 154(Tot) 75(F) 74(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

Return of the heirs of Samuel Laurence deceased, owner; included in the total are enslaved people who 'belong' solely to Rev J H Laurence (1), Samuel Laurence (1), and Mrs. Woodley (3) [estate name not given in the return; information from other returns used to identify the estate]

 
T71/368 126-127
1834
[Number of enslaved people] 159(Tot)  
[Name] Clifton  
 

Return of the heirs of the late Samuel Laurence Esq., joint owners; returned by James Laurence; of the 159 enslaved people listed, 149 were from the estate of the late Sam. Laurence. Of the remaining 10 enslaved people, 1 'belonged' to Miss Catherine Laurence; 1 to Rev J H Laurence; 1 to the estate of Samuel Laurence Jr; 5 to Mrs Woodley, two of whom were 'bought up from St Kitts with proper certificates'; 1 'belonged' to Miss Eliza Laurence 'bought up from St Kitts with proper certificates'; and one child who had be omitted from the previous return. 9 of the enslaved people on the decrease list were 'removed to Tobago with proper certificates'.

 
T71/369 58-59