Kupuis

Estate Details

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Associated People (19)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1671 [SY] - 1685 [EY] → Owner
1691 [SY] - → Owner

Died before 1710.

- 1710 [EY] → Guardian
1714 [SY] - 1736 [EY] → Owner
1736 [SY] - 1750 [EY] → Joint owner
1736 [SY] - 1782 [EY] → Joint owner
1782 [SY] - 1808 [EY] → Owner
1736 [SY] - 1750 [LA] → Joint owner
1808 [SY] - 1834 [LA] → Owner
1670 [EA] - → Owner

First patentee of 210 acres.

1685 [EA] - 1691 [LA] → Owner
1710 [EA] - 1714 [EY] → Trust beneficiary
1710 [EA] - 1719 [LA] → Lessee
1741 [EA] - 1742 [LA] → Previous owner
1817 [EA] - → Attorney
1817 [EA] - → Attorney
1820 [EA] - 1829 [LA] → Attorney
1820 [EA] - 1826 [LA] → Attorney
1829 [EA] - 1829 [LA] → Attorney

Associated Claims (1)

£3,065 9S 2D

Estate Information (38)

What is this?

1670
[Name] [no name given]  
[Size] 210  
 

Patent granted to John Austin.

 
J. G. Young, 'William Kupius, his family and estate', Jamaican Historical Review 1, 3, 246-249.
1671
[Name] [no name given]  
[Size] 210  
 

Land conveyed by John Austin to Henry Tennant.

 
J. G. Young, 'William Kupius, his family and estate', Jamaican Historical Review 1, 3, 246-249.
1674
[Name] [no name given]  
[Size] 510  
 

Henry Tennant patented two adjoining parcels bringing the estate to 510 acres in total.

 
J. G. Young, 'William Kupius, his family and estate', Jamaican Historical Review 1, 3, 246-249.
1685
[Name] [no name given]  
[Size] 510  
 

Henry Tennant and his wife Elizabeth sold the estate to John Tucker.

 
J. G. Young, 'William Kupius, his family and estate', Jamaican Historical Review 1, 3, 246-249.
1691
[Name] [no name given]  
[Size] 510  
 

Estate sold by John Tucker and Francis his wife to William Kupius.

 
J. G. Young, 'William Kupius, his family and estate', Jamaican Historical Review 1, 3, 246-249.
1710
[Name] [no name given]  
 

Estate had been inherited by Anna Williamina Bernarda Kupius by 1710 and was rented to her stepfather Anthony Swymmer for £300 per year.

 
J. G. Young, 'William Kupius, his family and estate', Jamaican Historical Review 1, 3, 246-249.
1714
[Name] [no name given]  
[Crop] sugar  
 

On the death of Anna Kupius, despite reports of offers being made for between 4,000 and 5,000l, the estate was acquired by Edward Pennant by escheat for 1,456l. At the time, the estate was reportedly producing 120 hogsheads of sugar per year with a value of at least 20l per hogshead.

Ownership of the estate remained in dispute for the next five years, with Anthony Swymmer and Dutch relatives of Anna Kupius both claiming ownership and the land being further escheated to other buyers. The estate remained under the management of Swymmer, who also owned many of the enslaved people upon it. Matters were settled by Letters Patent in 1719.

 
{Anon.} 'The Groans of Jamaica Express's in a letter from a gentleman residing there...' (1715)
1736
[Name] [no name given]  
 

On the death of Edward Pennant, his Jamaican estates were inherited equally by his three sons John, Samuel and Henry (with his eldest son Edward to inherit an equal share "if it please God to restore him to his senses again").

 
PROB 11/682/49
1741
[Name] [no name given]  
[Crop] sugar, rum and livestock  
 

Estate of Edward Pennant Esq. deceased. Account filed by John Shickle.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives, IB/11/4/1 184
1741
[Name] [no name given]  
[Crop] sugar, rum and molasses  
 

Estate of Edward Pennant Esq. deceased. Account filed by William Cunningham Esq. as attorney for the estate of the said Edward Pennant Esq.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives, IB/11/4/1 108 - 109
1742
[Name] [no name given]  
[Crop] sugar, rum, livestock, hire of enslaved people and iron work  
 

Accounts filed for 25th Dec 1741 - 25th Dec 1742. Estate of Edward Pennant Esq. deceased. Account filed by John Shickle.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/2 15
1742
[Name] [no name given]  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Estate of Edward Pennant Esq. deceased. Account filed by William Cunningham Esq. as trustee for the estate of the said Edward Pennant Esq.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives, IB/11/4/1 214
1783
[Name] Kupuis  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

The estates of the Right Hon. Lord Penryn were listed as Denbigh, Thomas River, Kupins and Coats - all in Clarendon. Account filed by John Foxon as clerk to Mr Alexander Falconer the attorney to Lord Penryn.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/11 87
1785
[Name] Lord Penrhyn's Estate  
[Crop] sugar, cattle  
 

Account filed by Alexander Falconer, attorney to Lord Penrhyn. Assumed to be Denbigh, Thomas River, Kupius and Cotes.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/12 53
1798
[Name] Cupuis's  
[Crop] Sugar  
 

Plotted In Clarendon as a sugar estate with a watermill in James Robertson's 1804 map of Jamaica.

 
To the King's most excellent Majesty, this map of the island of Jamaica, constructed from actual surveys. . . (London, J. Robertson, 1804), based on Robertson's survey of the county of Middlesex which he compeleted in 1798.
1801
[Name] Kupuis  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

The properties of the Rt Hon Lord Penrhyn. Account filed by John Fleming, Clerk to Alexander Falconer Esq, Attorney to Lord Penrhyn. Denbigh Estate, Thomas River, Coles Pen and Kupuis filed together. Crops listed separately.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/29 165
1807
[Name] Kupuis  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Account filled by George U. Evans as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/38 56
1815
[Number of enslaved people] 233(Tot)  
[Name] Kupius  
[Stock] 116  
 

Registered to G. H. D. Pennant, attorney.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1816) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL15clar.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 109(F) 121(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of William Shand and Francis Graham as attorneys to George Hay Dawkins Pennant Esquire.

 
T71/57 18-24
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 231(Tot)  
[Name] Kupius  
[Stock] 98  
 

Registered to G. H. D. Pennant, attorney.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1818) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1818al03.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1819
[Number of enslaved people] 224(Tot)  
[Name] Kupius  
[Stock] 3  
 

Registered to G. H. D. Pennant.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1820) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/Al20p04.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1820
[Number of enslaved people] 951(Tot)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of William Shand, George William Hamilton and James Laing as attornies to George Hay Dawkins Pennant Esquire. [Assumed to be Kupuis Estate, Denbigh Estate and Cotes Pen.]

 
T71/58 301-302
1820
[Number of enslaved people] 222(Tot)  
[Name] Kupius  
[Stock] 2  
 

Registered to G. H. Dawkins Pennant.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1821) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al1821_03.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1820
[Number of enslaved people] 951(Tot)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of William Shand, George William Hamilton and James Laing as attornies to George Hay Dawkins Pennant Esquire. [Assumed to be Kupuis Estate, Denbigh Estate and Cotes Pen.]

 
T71/58 301-302
1821
[Number of enslaved people] 220(Tot)  
[Name] Kupius  
[Stock] 116  
 

Registered to G. H. D. Pennant.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1822) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/Al22p04.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1823
[Number of enslaved people] 889(Tot) 470(F) 419(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of George William Hamilton and James Laing as attorneys of George Hay Dawkins Pennant Esquire. [Assumed to be Kupuis Estate, Denbigh Estate and Cotes Pen.]

 
T71/59 472-474
1823
[Number of enslaved people] 211(Tot)  
[Name] Kupius  
[Stock] 110  
 

Registered to George H. D. Pennant.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1824) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL24clar.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1823
[Number of enslaved people] 889(Tot) 470(F) 419(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of George William Hamilton and James Laing as attorneys of George Hay Dawkins Pennant Esquire. [Assumed to be Kupuis Estate, Denbigh Estate and Cotes Pen.]

 
T71/59 472-474
1826
[Number of enslaved people] 861(Tot) 461(F) 400(M)  
[Name] Thomas River Estate, Kupuis Estate, Denbigh Estate, Cotes Pen  
 

In the possession of James Laing and George William Hamilton as attornies to George Hay Dawkins Pennant Esquire. Combined totals for Thomas River Estate, Kupuis Estate, Denbigh Estate, Cotes Pen.

 
T71/60 388
1826
[Number of enslaved people] 196(Tot)  
[Name] Kupius  
 

Registered to George H. D. Pennant.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1827) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/a1827al05.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1826
[Number of enslaved people] 861(Tot) 461(F) 400(M)  
[Name] Thomas River Estate, Kupuis Estate, Denbigh Estate, Cotes Pen  
 

In the possession of James Laing and George William Hamilton as attornies to George Hay Dawkins Pennant Esquire. Combined totals for Thomas River Estate, Kupuis Estate, Denbigh Estate, Cotes Pen.

 
T71/60 388
1827
[Number of enslaved people] 185(Tot)  
[Name] Kupius  
 

Registered to George H. D. Pennant.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1828) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1828al04.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1828
[Number of enslaved people] 183(Tot)  
[Name] Kupius  
 

Registered to George H. D. Pennant.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1829) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al29clarvere.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1829
[Number of enslaved people] 821(Tot)  
[Name] Thomas River Estate, Kupuis Estate, Denbigh Estate, Cotes Pen  
 

In the possession of George William Hamilton and Hibbert Oates and William Rose as attornies for George Hay Dawkins Pennant Esquire. Previous entry for 861 enslaved. This present entry shows an increase of 14 and decease of 35 on Denbigh Estate; an increase of 10 and a decrease of 21 on Thomas River Estate; and increase of 11 and a decrease of 25 on Kupuis estate; and an increase of 17 and a decrease of 11 on Cote's Pen.

 
T71/61 360
1829
[Number of enslaved people] 821(Tot)  
[Name] Thomas River Estate, Kupuis Estate, Denbigh Estate, Cotes Pen  
 

In the possession of George William Hamilton and Hibbert Oates and William Rose as attornies for George Hay Dawkins Pennant Esquire. Previous entry for 861 enslaved. This present entry shows an increase of 14 and decease of 35 on Denbigh Estate; an increase of 10 and a decrease of 21 on Thomas River Estate; and increase of 11 and a decrease of 25 on Kupuis estate; and an increase of 17 and a decrease of 11 on Cote's Pen.

 
T71/61 360
1830
[Number of enslaved people] 178(Tot)  
[Name] Kupius  
 

Registered to George Hay D. Pennant.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1831) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1831clar.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1831
[Number of enslaved people] 175(Tot)  
[Name] Kupius  
 

Registered to George Hay D. Pennant.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1832) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al32vere.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1832
[Number of enslaved people] 169(Tot)  
[Name] Kupius  
 

Registered to George H. D. Pennants.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1833) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL33Claren.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.