Railway fatalities: infrastructure risk and resilience
Work on infrastructure risk and resilience often focuses on one-off major events such as terrorist attacks, but frequent events can cause substantial cumulative disruption to critical infrastructure such as railway networks. This presentation reports recent work to build a model of the likelihood and severity of disruption caused by a person being hit by a train. Using data on 1,952 deaths on the UK railway network over five years, separate estimations of the likelihood of a death occurring at a location and the likely consequences of it were produced.
Matthew Ashby is a research student at the UCL Security Science Doctoral Research Training Centre. He is a former police officer and police intelligence researcher. He has a BA in Politics with International Studies and an MSc in Crime Science. He is currently working on a project to reduce the disruption caused by deaths on railway lines. Contact email@example.com
Securing the European Electricity Supply Against Malicious and accidental thrEats
SESAME is a FP7-security project cofounded by the European Commission, aiming at providing a contribution to the development of tools and a regulation framework for the security of the European power grid against natural, accidental and malicious Threats.
SESAME develops a Decision Support System (DSS) for the protection of the European power transmission, distribution and generation system and applies it to two regional electricity grids. SESAME is to enable end-users:
- to identify the vulnerabilities of the analyzed grid and production plants and to detect their origins,
- to estimate the damage / impact of real or simulated network failures precisely,
- to identify the possible measures for prevention of outages and acceleration of automatic restoration to rank these measures according to their effectiveness and their cost-benefit ratios,
- to carry out contingency analyses of the transmission and distribution network and the generation facilities
- to detect long-term erroneous trends in the security of energy supply and to counteract against this trends by adjusting the market mechanisms leading to this development.
Ettore Bompard received his Master and Ph.D. degrees in Electrical Engineering from Politecnico di Torino, Italy. In May 1997 he joined the Politecnico di Torino, Department of Electrical Engineering, where he is presently Associate Professor of Power Systems; he is also Research Associate at the Institute for Economic Research on Firms and Growth of the (Italian) National Research Council in Moncalieri, Italy.
He is Deputy Director for International Relations of the Doctorate School of Politecnico di Torino and Vice-Dean for International Culture of the First Faculty of Engineering of Politecnico di Torino.
He has been, in 2001, visiting assistant professor at the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; he got a Fulbright scholarship for Research and Lecturing on the "Assessment and analysis of congestion management in competitive electricity markets".
He has been the scientific coordinator of many research projects within the Italian System Research on Power Systems, founded by the Italian Ministry of Industry, in the field of electricity markets restructuring (generation scheduling, congestion management design, security impacts on the competitive markets, electricity markets simulation).
He directed and cooperated in various research projects on the security of power systems as critical infrastructures, with special reference to malicious threats, also in cooperation with the Joint Research Center of the European Commission (Institute for Protection and Security of Citizens - Ispra) and in the framework of Next Generation Infrastructure and NATO, Security Through Science programs.
He is the scientific coordinator of the starting project SESAME (Securing the European Electricity Supply Against Malicious And Accidental Threats), cofounded by the EC)
His research interests include electricity markets analysis and simulation, smart grids design and simulation and power system vulnerability assessment and security management.
He co-authored more than 100 publications and book chapters on various topics related to the power systems analysis.
Resilient Infrastructure and Building Security
The RIBS-project supports the design of effective and viable integrated security measures aimed at protecting infrastructures without impacting on their business dynamics. In a global context where national interests are increasingly interrelated, the most vulnerable infrastructures in Europe, and particularly the most critical ones, are primary targets for terrorists. Attacks, carried out under a national, political, or religious banner, now strike regularly in our cities, causing deaths, damage and disruption on an unprecedented scale. In the past seven years alone, 1300 terrorist incidents have taken place on European soil. The RIBS project will deliver more effective and viable security measures by supporting a design process that integrates a broader understanding of the environment (and the contextual factors such as human elements) within which these measures are meant to be implemented.
The particular objectives of the project include:
- a set of functional and non-functional requirements that will drive an effective security system design process.
- a set of protection measurement techniques that can be used to assess the level of protection offered by candidate security products proposed to be implemented in buildings and infrastructures. This work will be carried out for a range of security systems aimed at securing buildings against hostile reconnaissance, intruders and hazardous attack (including chemical, biological and explosive).
The RIBS-project will derive a scientific method for security system engineering design that can be challenged and improved over the years, similarly to other areas of engineering and physical sciences.
- Phase 1: Study of a live building and its ‘eco-system’, its protection measures, and threats; and integration of these elements into a single multi-layer model.
- Phase 2: Identification of vulnerabilities through incident analysis and protection-measures analysis.
- Phase 3: Development of design requirements.
FP7 BIO-PROTECT: Ionisation-based detector of airborne bio-agents, viruses and toxins for fast-alert and identification
The malevolent use of Anthrax spores on civilians in 2001 has shown the necessity to protect European citizens from criminal use of biological agents. The impact of such attacks depends on the concentration level of pathogens in a defined area, and the evacuation delay.
Efficient protection of a given infrastructure against bioterrorism thus requires short-term threat detection and identification capacities.
Since most of the sensors available are laboratory bound or require expert equipment or knowledge, new systems are needed.
The concept of BIO-PROTECT is to develop a fast-alert, easy-to-use device for detection and identification of airborne bacteria, spores, viruses and toxins. Its technology is based on bioaerosol detection by fluorescence, scattering and background aerosol measurement followed by ionisation of air flow and analysis of the spectrum of relative speed of passage.
In addition to mitigating intentional dissemination of bio-agents, the device aims at controlling accidental releases in biotech laboratories.
Mr Chauvet is a French engineer who graduated from the AgroParisTech in 1997. He has been involved as an analyst and project manager in the Suez group, then became a consultant in 2002. He has since then been involved in several innovation projects mostly in the fields of nuclear technology, energy, and security.
He founded LGI Consulting in 2005, a company specialized in innovation consultancy for its public and private customers. Among other activities, the firm develops and manages EU research projects in several high-tech sectors, with approx. 15 programmes running today.
Mr Chauvet has prepared and is now coordinating the BIO-PROTECT project since its launch in 2010. He is presently developing other projects in the safety and security areas. He is also the secretary of the EU’s technology platform on nuclear fission.
Building and transport cards: attacks and defenses
In this talk we look at the security of the most common smart card systems used in buildings and in public transportation. In our study we have examined a large number of cards used by major global corporations in London, California and elsewhere. This leads to disturbing discoveries: we will explain why the transportation card in London is much more secure than when the same chip is used for the Metro in another country and in other UK cities, while in another EU country the application is quite secure in a small town but badly insecure in the capital. Now how do we get out of this mess? We will state key security engineering principles for contact-less card systems and explain that the industry have “almost” already implemented all the right security principles and mechanisms…
Nicolas Courtois is a Senior Lecturer at University College London where he teaches computer security and a course on applied cryptography and smart cards. His research focuses on cryptographic security, automation of cryptanalysis with advanced algebraic and software methods, and realistic low-data attack scenarios on encryption systems. In particular he is known for his innovative attacks one major industrial ciphers used by millions of people every day such as the Bluetooth E0 cipher, KeeLoq automobile cipher, MiFare Crypto 1 cipher massively used, for example, in transport and building cards.
He has published some 50 papers in cryptology with a total of more than 3500 citations, and filed eight patents on applied cryptography and smart cards.
Best practice Enhancers for Security in Urban Environments
BESECURE will work towards a better understanding of urban security through the review of major approaches to urban security enhancements and examination of different European urban areas. By examining eight urban areas throughout Europe, BESECURE will test and collect best practices in use regarding urban security and build a comprehensive set of indicators that can provide cues about the state of security in urban regions using factors such as social makeup, economic state, crime numbers and the public perception of security. BESECURE will improve urban security policy making by sharing best practices and by providing visualisation and assessment tools and guidelines that will help local policy makers to assess the impact of their practices and improve their evidence based decision making.
Stephen read Laws at University College London and has a further vocational legal training postgraduate diploma. He worked for the consulting company THATI GmbH from 1997. He became self-employed in 2001 and established Crabbe Consulting Ltd in 2006. He specializes in the initiation and management of transnational research and technological development projects and the development of strategies for the implementation of project results. Research interests include the development of user requirements and their transfer into development specifications; project scoping; legal and ethical aspects; and test and evaluation plans.
Crabbe Consulting Ltd is currently a partner in 4 FP7 Security projects.
Protecting infrastructure from humans
The presenter is the Cyber Insiders Programme leader at CPNI, where he also leads strands of work to assess cyber-related infrastructure vulnerabilities. Prior to joining CPNI, he completed a PhD in applied mathematics and worked in operational research at the Ministry of Defence, running projects to inform government decisions on defence planning and strategy. The Cyber Insiders programme aims to develop methods and guidance to help infrastructure organisations detect insider activities on corporate systems.
A Forensic Investigation of Confined Space Blast
The aim of this lecture is to present research findings carried out in the aftermath of the 7/7 bombings in order to mitigate against such future attacks and contribute to major incident protocol in the hope of saving lives. We analysed unique patterns of blast injuries, and their mechanisms in terms of blast wave characteristics in an enclosed environment, the correlation of the injury patterns with respect to distance from the device and the bomber. The contribution of the structural component of the environment, nature of the tunnels and crowd density is also key to understanding morbidity and mortality. This comprehensive approach to injury patterns, victim position at each scene, bomb characteristics and triage is pivotal to emergency planning and resource allocation. This work was carried out with the help of scientists from the Defence Scientific & Technology Laboratories (DSTL),Porton Down, who enabled computerised modelling of blasts to assist understanding.
Steven Dryden joined the Metropolitan Police in January 1981 and, after a short spell of uniform duty, trained as a detective officer.
He has been involved in some of the most difficult and high profile major investigations in the Capital over the past twenty years. In 2002 he joined Operation Trident which investigates homicides linked to firearms and volume drugs within ethnic minority communities. During this period he had responsibility for approximately 15 ongoing murder enquiries at any one time.
In January 2005 he took this experience to the Anti Terrorist Branch and in July of that year he was given the key investigative responsibility of managing the Major Incident Room for the events of 7/7 and 21/7.
He has been working with Miss Hasu Patel, Consultant Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon, since late 2005, on a project to examine every aspect of blast in confined space.
Anders Groenli (centre): Senior Security and Risk Consultant, Arup
David Hadden (right): Associate Director - Resilience, Security & Risk, Arup
Safety and protection of built infrastructure to resist integral threats
The main outcome of the SPIRIT project is an integrated approach to counter CBRE-threats, including proposed guidelines for a EU Regulatory Framework. With this approach, government, end users of buildings and designers can define and achieve a desired level of protection. The SPIRIT contribution to built infrastructure protection will be:
- A methodology to quantify the vulnerability of built infra in damage, number of injuries and loss of functionality and services;
- A guidance tool to assess the vulnerability and define efficient and effective countermeasures to achieve a required protection level;
- Draft guidelines to enable safety based engineering and the incorporation of CBRE protection;
- A suite of ready to use CBRE countermeasure products.
The overall goal of the SPIRIT project is to contribute to people safety and increase the resilience of built infrastructure against a terrorist attack.
Ir. Ans van Doormaal (1967) is a project manager and senior scientist at TNO Defence, Security and Safety with more than 20 years of experience in explosion effects and protection. She has a masters degree in Mechanical Engineering from Eindhoven University of Technology. In 1991 she joined TNO to work in the research area of Explosion Effects and Protection. The research experience in this field is broad, ranging from numerical simulations (FEM) to experimental test programs, and from scientific projects to develop new models to practical applications in blast consultancy projects. The current focus is building protection.
Anders Groenli works as a senior security and risk consultant Arup’s Threat & Risk Team. He works on threat and risk assessments, geopolitical risk analysis and security strategies. Anders holds an MSc in Global Security from Cranfield University at the Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, and a first degree in Organisational Psychology and Political Science from the University of Oslo. He has a background from the Norwegian Foreign Service and Parliament, and is so-author of the standard for Chartered Security Professionals in the United Kingdom.
David Hadden leads the blast engineering and counter terrorism design team within the Resilience, Security & Risk practice of Arup. He has extensive experience in the design of buildings and infrastructure to withstand terrorist attack, appraisal of bomb damaged buildings and advising building owners and occupiers on blast safety and security matters. David, who is a Chartered Civil Engineer, holds an MA in Engineering from Cambridge University and an MSc in Concrete Structures from Imperial College London.
Surveillance of Unattended Baggage and the Identification and Tracking of the Owner
The Surveillance of Unattended Baggage and the Identification and Tracking of the Owner, (SUBITO), project is a research and development project funded by the EC’s Framework 7 programme (Security theme) between 2009-2011. It was designed to research and further develop novel technology for automated, real-time detection of unattended baggage and the fast identification of the individual responsible (the ‘Owner’), their subsequent path and current location. The project was guided by end-user driven requirements to ensure that security personnel receive the technologies they need in order to deliver improved threat security.
This talk provides an overview of the project objectives, details of the developed video surveillance system, and representative results. The proposed system is based on object detection and tracking from multiple views combined with threat assessment employing knowledge of ownership and social groups. Algorithmic and system level evaluation is conducted by testing against several datasets describing realistic abandoned baggage situations.
Dr James Ferryman leads both the Computational Vision Group (CVG) and the Computing Research Group located within the School of Systems Engineering, University of Reading. CVG has a present focus on increasing the effectiveness of CCTV for safety, security and threat assessment. Dr. Ferryman is co-chair of the IEEE International Workshops on Performance Evaluation of Tracking and Surveillance (PETS) since 2000. Dr Ferryman has been a Director of both the British Machine Vision Association (BMVA) and Security Information Technology Consortium (SITC). He has been Principal Investigator (PI) on a range of national and European funded projects including EPSRC REASON (robust methods for monitoring and understanding people in public places), EU Co-Friend (cognitive surveillance for airport apron monitoring) and EU SUBITO. He is currently Principal Investigator on two EU projects - EFFISEC (efficient integrated checkpoint security) project, and ARENA (flexible architecture for protection of mobile assets.)
The multiple transfer of gunshot residue (GSR): Implications for crime reconstruction and forensic protocol
Gunshot residue (GSR) can be recovered from a shooter following the discharge of a firearm. An introduction will be given to a project which seeks to determine whether these GSRs may be transferred between individuals. An account of experiments carried out in collaboration with the Tactical Firearms Unit, Surrey Police, UK will be followed by details of the analysis of samples using an automated search and detection package with SEM-EDX (INCAGSR, Oxford Instruments, UK). A selection of initial results and observations will be presented which begin to establish the extent and rates of multiple transfer and show that direct/indirect GSR transfers can occur following firearm discharge. The study will inform the conclusions reached when attempting to explain the presence of GSR recovered from an individual and will thus reduce the potential for misinterpretation.
James French (MRes University College London, BA (Hons) University of Oxford) is undertaking doctoral research at the UCL Department of Security and Crime Science, which he joined in 2009. James’s research interests are in the field of trace evidence dynamics and crime reconstruction, with a particular focus on gunshot residue (GSR). He has published a number of articles in internationally peer reviewed forensic science journals.
Automatic Data relevancy Discrimination for a PRIVacy-sensitive video surveillance
The ADDPRIV project seeks to improve public safety while ensuring the individuals' privacy rights, by enriching the current video surveillance systems with automatic discrimination of relevant recorded data. The project addresses the challenge of determining, in an automatic, accurate and reliable manner, which information obtained from a distributed system of surveillance cameras is relevant from the security perspective and which is not, and can be securely erased. This will limit unnecessary data storage. The technology has potential for a greater social acceptance of video surveillance technology, due to the inclusion of the value of privacy alongside the enhanced security.
There are three main goals of the ADDPRIV project, as follows. The first goal is to develop new knowledge about methods to limit the storage of unnecessary data throughout existing multicamera networks, to improve compliance with citizens’ privacy rights. The second goal is to develop specific methods that will determine, in a precise and reliable manner, the data captured by video surveillance systems that are not relevant from a security perspective. The third goal is to integrate this technology with automatic systems capable of triggering an alert when a security threat is detected. The relevant data not only corresponds to video scenes capturing individuals' suspicious behavior (smart video surveillance), but also automatically extracting images on these individuals recorded before and after the suspicious event and across the surveillance network.
Juan has an MSc in Computer Science (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid) and Candidate PhD in Computer Science Arquitecture and Systems (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid). He is R&D director of Anova IT Consulting and worked previously as Technical Manager for Ethemba. Juan counts with a broad experience in the execution and managing of complex European funded R&D projects. His research activity focuses on artificial intelligence technologies applied to security systems, smart cities applications and advanced e-learning solutions. Juan is co-author of several scientific publications, mainly focused on nature and biologically inspired computing.
Persistent Authentication in Smart Environments (PAISE)
Intelligent Buildings employ sensors embedded in the environment to provide contextual and location based services to the people who inhabit them. In order to provide these services in a secure manner, it is necessary to distinguish between authorised users and users who should not be able to access or receive service from the intelligent building. Current authentication mechanisms require either communication of as shared secret, possession of an authentication token, capture of biometric features or a combination of these.
Frequent re-authentication will result in a combination of poor usability and high costs, so it is necessary to develop new authentication mechanisms with less interaction. Persistent authentication has been proposed as a low interaction authentication mechanism where users are authenticated only once. Sensors in the environment then track the position and movement of the authenticated users and the system automatically provides the necessary authentication information to the access control system.
Mads Ingerslew Ingwar is a PhD student at the Department of Informatics and Mathematical Modelling at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU). He received his M.S. degree in Computer Science and Engineering from DTU in collaboration with Trinity College Dublin and the Irish National Digital Research Center. He has a strong background in computer security, pervasive computing and in the application of sensor-based technologies.
As a student, he worked on the Building Intelligence Into Intelligent Buildings project, by grant of the Strategic Research Fund, where pervasive computing and machine learning were used to reduce the energy consumption of campus buildings.
Before joining DTU as a Ph.D. student, he worked as a Security Analyst for Accenture, where he consulted for several large international companies.
His main research interest lies in the application of pervasive computing techniques to the enhancement of physical security, and in the automated analysis of remotely sensed imagery.
moBile, Autonomous and affordable SYstem to increase safety in Large unpredIctable environmentS
The BASYLIS project aims to address these issues by developing a low-cost smart sensing platform that can automatically and effectively detect a range of security threats in complex environments. The principal obstacles to early threat detection in wide areas are of two types: functional (e.g. false-alarm rate) and ethical (e.g. privacy). Both problems are amplified when installations are dynamic or located in changing environments. Potential solutions are unaffordable to most of the potential users. The BASYLIS consortium seeks to develop a transportable security platform capable of detecting a wide range of pre-determined security threats. The prototype design will include four highly sensitive sensors exploiting different parts of the spectrum: radio, magnetic, seismic, acoustic and optical waves.
Loreen Mamerow gained a BSc degree in Psychology from Goldsmiths’ College London and an MSc in Crime Science from UCL. She has worked as a research assistant at Flinders University, Adelaide (Australia) and is now studying at the UCL Security Science Doctoral Research Training Centre. Miss Mamerow currently works on the behavioural analysis component of the BASYLIS project, focusing on the differentiation of human kinematic patterns and the use thereof in a surveillance context.
William Hynes (right): Director, Downey Hynes Partnership
Vulnerability Identification Tools for Resilience Enhancements of Urban Environments
The objective of VITRUV is the development of software tools that support the consistent inclusion of security considerations into the long and complex screening process, which is urban planning. These tools will support the urban planner in all stages of his process, from concept to plan to detail design. The tools will enable planners:
- to gain knowledge about the security implications of proposed plans, about possible measures to reduce risks and about possible side effects of these measures in order to make well-considered systematic qualitative decisions in the concept stage of urban planning,
- to analyse the susceptibility of urban spaces (e.g. building types, squares, public transport, and their functionalities) with respect to new threats (plan stage), and
- to perform vulnerability analyses of urban spaces by computing the likely damage on individuals, buildings, traffic infrastructure (detail stage).
Albert Nieuwenhuijs is a senior researcher at TNO, Netherlands. Since 2001 he has been a major contributor to numerous studies, both national and international, on the subject of protection of critical infrastructure, such as Recipe, Euram, Euracom, IRRIIS, GMOSS, DIESIS and others. As of 2009, starting with the study ‘Secure Haven’, a project for the city of The Hague in which the security aspects of hosting foreign or non-governmental organisations were studied, he added the topic of urban security to his field of work.
William Hynes is a Chartered Town Planner and a Chartered Surveyor, and a founder and director of Downey Hynes Partnership. William has extensive experience providing expert advice to public and private sector clients in the following areas: strategic spatial and urban planning at national, regional, county and local levels, urban security and resilience, demography, housing and economic analysis and forecasting that is fully integrated with spatial planning, transportation analysis and modelling, health planning, retail impact assessment and infrastructure planning (for example roads, rail and services).
Richard Stones (left): Inspector, Nottingham Police
Designing Safer Urban Spaces
The DESURBS project makes significant and novel advances with the following developments:
- An urban space security event database that includes incidents or 'near misses' that have (or might have) resulted in injury or loss of life, damage to urban spaces, the auxiliary infrastructures supporting those spaces, or the surrounding natural environment
- An integrated security and resilience (ISR) design framework that engages local stakeholders for identifying vulnerabilities and improving urban spaces with respect to security threats.
- Comprehensive and generic supporting tools and methodologies including urban resilient design guidelines and quantitative risk and vulnerability assessment models, tools and technologies to facilitate the qualitative ISR assessment process.
- A web-based Decision Support System Portal integrating the project's outputs and including tailored visualization and mapping tools to help end users better understand the vulnerabilities and design possibilities.
James has degrees in Physics and Meteorology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a PhD in Environmental Engineering from Washington State University. He has 20 years’ experience in managing national and international research projects, nine of these years while working at the Norwegian Building Research Institute. He gained experience with all phases of EU project development and management as a project scientist and then work package leader in the FP5 project CabinAir. In addition to DESURBS, he is currently the coordinator of another FP7 Security project entitled ‘Analysis of Civil Security Systems in Europe’ (ANVIL, contract number 284678).
Richard is seconded to ACPO as the staff officer for the National Business Crime lead. He is a former Director of the National Business Crime Forum, an advisory council member to the City Security and Resilience Network, a member of the UNICRI Project protecting Crowded Places and a NATO group reviewing PPP information and intelligence sharing. Richard is currently the only serving police or military officer to achieve Chartered Security status (CSyP) and is a Fellow of the Security Institute. He has an MSc in Security and Risk Management and in his spare time he is a Private Pilot with a particular interest in the risk posed by private and light aviation.
SURVEILLE is a multi-disciplinary collaborative research project funded within the European Commission FP7 framework. The project analyzes the ethical issues, legal limitations and efficiency of the use of surveillance technologies for the prevention, investigation and prosecution of serious crimes. This research aims to inform developers and manufacturers of surveillance technologies through a systematically delivered advisory service. SURVEILLE will also contribute toward the training of judges, prosecutors and police forces.
Professor Sorell has published widely in philosophy, and has practical experience in human rights. Before coming to Birmingham he was co-director of the Human Rights Centre at Essex University.
His research interests include the relationship between moral theory and human rights, failures of application of moral theory, and most areas of applied ethics and other fields in philosophy.
He has led the FP7 DETECTER project, and id advisor to many other FP7 security projects. He has also worked as a practitioner in business and human rights. He is a member of the Amnesty International (UK) Business Section and was a member of the UK Forum on Genetics and Insurance. His major publications include Moral Theory and Capital Punishment (1987); (with John Hendry) Business Ethics (1994); Moral Theory and Anomaly (1999); (Ed) Health Care, Ethics, and Insurance (1998).
He is currently working on a book on the moral and political theory of emergencies.
Marcus Willcocks: Research fellow, Design Against Crime Research Centre, University of the Arts London
Co-designing a toolkit for controlling hostile reconnaissance
Most terrorist activities and many crimes are preceded by hostile reconnaissance. How can site security staff recognise and prepare against this by restricting opportunities for its execution? Marcus Willcocks will introduce a pre-release version of a toolkit, commissioned by the Centre for Protection of National Infrastructure and co-created by a consortium comprising the Applied Criminology Centre, University of Huddersfield and the Design Against Crime Research Centre, University of the Arts London.
The resource adopts a ‘think perpetrator’ perspective, drawing on situational crime prevention techniques underpinned by crime science thinking. This was filtered through a design-led open innovation process, drawing together the most appropriate pre-existing techniques with additional and context-specific expertise, incorporated via multiple iterations involving field testing with counter terrorism and site security professionals. The result is a tool that has been critiqued as useful for both CT planning, CT practice, and possible training and business case-making.
Marcus Willcocks is a Research Fellow and Designer with the Design Against Crime Research Centre (DACRC) at Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design (University of the Arts London). He specializes in design-led research and open innovation, in relation to social issues in the built environment and shared public and semi-public contexts.
His recent research strands initiated with colleagues from University of the Arts London, include: the Graffiti Dialogues Network; Grippa; Stop Thief anti bag theft research and responses; Camden Public Seating Strategy; Bikeoff and CIVITAS Archimedes anti cycle theft strategies; RBS ATM Art fraud mitigation evaluations, and others. He has been working in depth as part of the team from CSM and Huddersfield to catalyse the Controlling Hostile Reconnaissance Toolkit for CPNI, which is scheduled for launch in late 2012.
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