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International Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) Centre

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CST Manuals

CST Manuals

CST manuals are currently available in English, Chinese, Danish, German, Italian and Norweigan. Work is ongoing to adapt and translate manuals for more countries, and we will continue to update this list.

English manuals

Making a Difference 1: an evidence based group program to offer Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) to people with dementia (Second edition). Spector A., Woods B., Stoner R. C., and Orrell M. (2020). 

Making a Difference 2: an evidence based group program to offer maintenance Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) to people with dementia.  Aguirre E., Spector A., Streater A., Hoe J., Woods B., and Orrell M. (2012).

Both available here

Chinese manual

認知刺激治療CST 為認知障礙症設計的循證小組活動 (Cognitive stimulation treatment CST Evidence-based group activities designed for dementia). Spector A., Thorgrimsen L., Woods B., and Orrell M. (2017). HKU Press. 

Available here

Danish manual

Kognitiv Stimulationsterapi (CST): Et evidensbaseret gruppe program til mennesker med demens. Johannesen A., Spector, A., and Gregersen R. (2019).  VIA University College.

Available here

German manual

Kognitive Stimulationstherapie. Ein evidenzbasiertes Gruppenprogramm für Menschen mit Demenz. Aufbaukurs mit Querverweisen zum Basiskurs. Aguirre E., Spector A., Streater A., Hoe J., Woods B., and Orrell M. (2018). Hg. von Katja Werheid. Dortmund: Verlag Modernes Lernen.

Available here

Italian manual

Promuovere il benessere nella persona con demenza. Una guida pratica per la stimolazione cognitiva ad uso del familiare e del caregiver. Borella E., Lobbia A., Michelini G. Faggian S., and Gardini S. (2016).  Franco Angeli, Italy.

Available here

Norweigan manual

Hukommelses-Stimulerende Terapi. Spector A., Thorgrimsen L., Woods B., and Orrell M. (2018)

Available here