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Institute of Advanced Studies (IAS)

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Dr Joanna Beata Michlic

The UCL Centre for Collective Violence, Holocaust and Genocide Studies

Research Interests

Joanna's research focuses on social and cultural history of Poland and East European Jews, the Holocaust and its memory in Europe, and nationalism in Eastern Europe. She is particularly interested in areas relating to ethnic violence, gender, childhood, and individual and collective memories of traumatic and dark pasts, such as in the case of the Holocaust.

Current research projects

Joanna's two current research topics are a history of rescue of Jews during the Holocaust in Poland and a study of East European Jewish childhood, 1945-1950. In More Than The Milk of Human Kindness: Jewish Survivors and Their Polish Rescuers Recount Their Tales, 1944-1949, her main aim is to chart a map of the raw memories of rescue as articulated by Polish Jewish survivors and their (ethnic/Catholic) Polish rescuers in the early post-war period, 1944-1949. The major claim to originality of this work is the gendered and in-depth textual analysis of previously un-examined and un-published personal and official correspondence between the rescuers, Jewish survivors and their respective families.

In her second work-in-progress, "Life Begun Anew": The Transformation of Jewish childhood in Poland, 1945-1949, she investigates two key aspects of the history of hidden child survivors, known also as the 1.5 generation. The first set of questions pertains to life experiences during the Second World War, especially the role of gender, class, and religious and economic background on the process of survival. The second set of questions pertains to the complexities of the processes by which child survivors sought to regain a sense of childhood and Jewish identity, and to the landscapes of dreams and actual opportunities for these children in the early post-war period.

To facilitate her research on these two projects, Joanna was awarded the Rothschild Foundation (Hanadiv) Europe Visiting Fellowship, Birkbeck College, London, Spring 2012; the Fulbright Senior Scholar Award, Haifa University, Spring Semester 2013/2014; a Sharon Abramson Research Grant for the Study of the Holocaust, Holocaust Educational Foundation of Northwestern University, Summer 2016; and a Fellowship at the German Historical Institute in Warsaw, June - July 2016 and July - August 2017.

Selected past publications

Joanna's most recently edited publication is Jewish Families in Europe, 1939 - Present: History, Representation, and Memory (New England University Press/Brandeis University Press, January 2017, published in the HBI series on Jewish Women). This book made the Ethical Inquiry list of the best books published in 2017 at Brandeis University: http://www.brandeis.edu/ethics/ethicalinquiry/2017/December.html

This work fills a current gap in historical knowledge about Jewish families and children in Europe, and offers a fresh perspective on the Holocaust and postwar Jewish social history. It comprises 13 essays on how WWII, the Holocaust and their aftermath affected Jewish families and Jewish communities, with an especially close look at the experiences of women, youth and children.  http://www.upne.com/1512600094.html

According to one of the anonymous reviewers of the manuscript, "The great strength of this volume is its commitment to a child-centric perspective through its diverse range of sources. The essays in this book are based on a wide range of letters, diaries, post-war interviews, oral testimonies, and memoirs. What is particularly impressive about this book is the amount of attention given to the personal stories of the individual children themselves. This book will therefore be of great interest not only to undergraduate and postgraduate students and scholars of the Holocaust but also to psychologists and other practitioners who work not only with the now aged survivors, but also with their children and their grandchildren. Also, at a time when an interest in childhood is at a premium, this book will be of interest to social and cultural historians and theorists of memory more generally."

Joanna's other edited essay collection, with my colleague John-Paul Himka of Alberta University, Canada, Bringing the Dark Past to Light: The Memory of the Holocaust in Post-communist Europe (July, Nebraska University Press, 2013), captures the diverse and dynamic ways in which the Holocaust has been remembered (mis-remembered) and interpreted (mis-interpreted) in all the post-communist countries. The volume focuses on delineating key aspects, commonalities and divergences of memories of the Holocaust in the region. It investigates how the traumatic and violent past impacts the present, and how the present impacts the past. According to Professor David M. Crowe,

"This study opens a number of new interdisciplinary pathways to the field of Holocaust studies in the postcommunist worlds of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union…..  This rich collection of chapters on each country in the region provides a complex and nuanced look at this issue from a variety of disciplinary approaches. More importantly, many of these chapters embrace a new approach to Holocaust studies by discussing the multi-ethnic nature of the Shoah throughout Eastern Europe and Russia, often, for example, tracing the fate of the Roma beyond the token statements about their victimization in many contemporary studies on the Holocaust. A number of the chapters also share such topics as Jasenovac, the deadly Ustaša concentration camp in Croatian Slavonia, and the question of genocide."

http://muse.jhu.edu/login?auth=0&type=summary&url=/journals/journal_of_interdisciplinary_history/v045/45.1.crowe.html

According to Professor David Shneer,

"Ultimately, one of this book's most important findings is that confronting the Holocaust in eastern Europe has become an admission ticket to the "the west," as embodied in the European Union and by institutions that serve as gatekeepers of global Holocaust memory-namely Yad Vashem and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Nearly every chapter references all three. For cosmopolitans, these institutions are lifelines, both discursively as well as financially. At the same time, some nationalists resist these institutions' interventions. John-Paul Himka and Joanna Beata Michlic's vital new book is, unwittingly, as much about globalization and its discontents as it is about Holocaust memory in eastern Europe.

http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.5612/slavicreview.73.3.653?uid=3738032&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21104961237471

Joanna's first single-authored book, Poland's Threatening Other: The Image of the Jew from 1880 to the Present, is a study of the history of anti-Jewish tropes in Poland from the rise of modern Polish ethno-nationalism in the late nineteenth century until the political transformation of 1989. The crucial question she set out in this work was: what was the impact of anti-minority stereotypes on the formation of the Polish nation, Polish national identity, and Polish national culture formed on the matrix of exclusivist ethno-nationalism?

http://www.nebraskapress.unl.edu/product/Polands-Threatening-Other,671877.aspx

The monograph has been translated and published in Polish in 2015 by the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw: http://www.jhi.pl/publikacje/126

The monograph is currently awaiting a publication by Yad Vashem in Hebrew in 2018.

Selection of recent lectures

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